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Tag: "unique" at biology news

A new plant-bacterial symbiotic mechanism promising for crop applications

...nal model have their own photosynthetic pathway, a unique property in the rhizobia (2). This special character confers on it the exceptional, rare ability to form nodules on the stems of its host-plant. The plant thus acquires the possibility of fixing much higher quantities of nitrogen than those usually m...

Envisat captures first image of Sargassum from space

...tarctic super blooms. It really gives us a new and unique view of the Earth." Gower and King are now combining data from MERIS with a sophisticated processing algorithm and powerful Grid computing to broaden this new view. The basic principle behind Grid computing is that anything one computer can do, a...

Largest synthetic gene ever built offers insights into anti-malarial drug resistance

...tes in different geographic regions have developed unique patterns of mutations in the three genes mentioned above. Now, researchers can tell where a drug resistant parasite comes from depending on the varied mutations in the three different resistance genes, Roepe said. "There are patterns of mutations in ...

Pesticides choke pathway for nature to produce nitrogen for crops

...her the plants or bacteria, Fox said, "but PCP was unique in that it inhibited both seed germination and nitrogen fixation." More than 20 commonly used agricultural chemicals shared the same mechanism of action as PCP, but with varying amounts of signal disruption. Fox, McLachlan and colleagues, in thei...

Brain holds clues to bipolar disorder

...nderlie emotional processing and cognitive control unique to the bipolar brain. Such abnormalities are valuable biomarkers for the illness and have the potential to help clinicians diagnose bipolar disorder earlier and more efficiently. Dr. Phillips also will present data illustrating how imaging can be use...

Newly found sensing system enables certain bacteria to resist human immune defenses

...ited by what we have demonstrated—an efficient and unique way that gram-positive bacteria control resistance—and we are continuing our investigation of the aps sensing system being used for drug development.” ...

New findings challenge established views on human genome

...tion” by acting as a source of functional elements unique to each species and of elements that perform the similar functions among species despite having sequences that appear dissimilar. Other highlights of the ENCODE work include: Identification of numerous previously unrecognized start sites for ...

Exploring the dark matter of the genome

...s were assembled by comparing numerous copies with unique or sufficiently distinctive sequences. The assembly was checked by matching it to clones of longer sequences. With the painstaking manual assembly taken as far as practical, the researchers mapped the sequences to their physical locations on the chro...

UCF nanoparticle offers promise for treating glaucoma

A unique nanoparticle made in a laboratory at the University of Central Florida is proving promising as a drug delivery device for treating glaucoma, an eye disease that can cause blindness and affects millions of people worldwide. “The nanoparticle can safe...

Weizmann Institute scientists develop a general 'control switch' for protein activity

...emical Research Support, have recently developed a unique “switch” that can control the activity of any protein, raising it several-fold or stopping it almost completely. The method provides researchers with a simple and effective tool for exploring the function of unknown proteins, and in the future the ne...

UI anthropologist, colleagues discover remains of earliest giant panda

...very early in its development. “Pandas are very unique bears -– the only bear species that is known to ex...tarian diet,” says Ciochon. “The evolution of this unique dietary specialization probably took millions of years to refine. Our new discovery shows the great ...

Researchers discover 'acquired' DNA key to certain bacterial infection

...was acquired from another bacterium because of its unique nucleotide structure, which differs from its Mycobacterium cousins. Such evolution likely took place over thousands of years, he pointed out, and may have come from a pathogen which also has the ability to infect environmental amoeba....

Researchers develop buckyballs to fight allergy

...particles containing 60 carbon atoms. Due to their unique structure, inertness and stability, researchers fr...lergic response. The researchers found that the unique structure of the buckyball enables it to bind to free radicals dramatically better than any anti-oxi...

Ice Age extinction claimed highly carnivorous Alaskan wolves

...iously thought. “There may be other extinctions of unique Pleistocene forms yet to be discovered,” she added....

Antarctic icebergs -- Hotspots of ocean life

...from our shore-based labs, and to preserve it as a unique snapshot of these iceberg ecosystems at this point in history.” Using SDSC-developed technologies, Helly collected the data using the SIOExplorer-in-a-Box digital library system ( http://SIOExplorer.ucsd.edu ) and then stored the information in c...

Skimmed milk -- Straight from the cow

... to breed commercial herds producing milk with the unique characteristics required to make a butter that is spreadable straight from the fridge. They have already identified a cow, Marge, with the genes required to do this and say a commercial herd is likely by 2011. The milk is very low in saturated fats a...

New designer lipid-like peptide with lipid nanostructures for drug delivery systems

...ts, with confined inner nanostructures, will offer unique characteristics like high drug load capacities and low viscosity. Here these designer lipid-like peptides may play a key role in improving effective drug delivery systems....

For many insects, winter survival is in the genes

...ts." He said the next step is to figure out the unique functions of each heat-shock protein. "We assum...dancy in the system, but that each protein makes a unique contribution somehow," Denlinger said. "This protective mechanism is much more complex than we envis...

'Insulator' helps silence genes in dormant herpes virus

... reinvent the wheel by making its own proteins and unique structures," she says. The researchers now plan to study the HSV-1 insulator in mice to see how the mechanism works to block the communication of gene-activating elements such as enhancers and promoters. The group is also working to identify any a...

Amphibians in losing race with environmental change

...nough to deal with these changes. Because of their unique characteristics, the amphibians are just the first to go." In their analysis, the OSU scientists point out that evolution is not a precise or perfect process - it takes time, is constrained by historic changes and compromises, and does not always...

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(Date:4/18/2014)... twist to the story of how barnyard chickens came to ... the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ... lived 200-2300 years ago in Europe, researchers report that just ... far different from the chickens we know today. , The ... modern domestic chickens -- such as their yellowish skin -- ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... trials to treat tuberculosis could be the basis for ... bacteria, fungal infections and parasites, yet evade resistance, according ... collaborators. , Led by U. of I. chemistry professor ... drug SQ109 attacks the tuberculosis bacterium, how the drug ... to malaria and how targeting multiple pathways reduces ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... study suggests that fish consumption advisories for expecting ... long-lived contaminants like persistent organic pollutants (POPs). ... researchers including University of Toronto Scarborough PhD student ... how different levels of environmental contamination, a mother,s ... in the body influenced exposure in her children. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Ancient DNA offers clues to how barnyard chickens came to be 2Multitarget TB drug could treat other diseases, evade resistance 2Fish consumption advisories fail to cover all types of contaminants 2
(Date:4/17/2014)... popular vaccine brands for children may not be the ... cost factors when choosing vaccines, driving the market toward ... a new study by University of Illinois researchers. , ... by numerous factors," says Sheldon H. Jacobson, a co-author ... and of mathematics at the U. of I. "In ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... (April 17, 2014) Two recent papers by ... and colleagues may help scientists develop treatments or ... fever, Japanese encephalitis and other disease-causing flaviviruses. , ... and molecular genetics at the School of Medicine ... Hughes Medical Institute, and colleagues recently published articles ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... New Rochelle, NY, April 17, 2014U.S. military personnel ... "blast plus impact" concussive traumatic brain injury (TBI) ... were evacuated for other medical reasons. Differences in ... and depression 6-12 months after injury are reported ... , a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... IL, April 17, 2014-- Colic affects about one in ... for numerous pediatric visits during the first several months ... colic symptoms was showing promise; however, the April 1, ... (BMJ2014;348:g2107; Sung, Valerie) reported on a study, "Probiotics and ... L reuteri for infant colic did ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... An international team led by researchers at UC ... which plays a key role in cell division, also ... is the first time the complex has been shown ... cyclin B1/Cdk1 an excellent target to control cellular energy ... research was published online today in the journal ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Study recalculates costs of combination vaccines 2Health News:CU researchers discover target for treating dengue fever 2Health News:Long-term effects of battle-related 'blast plus impact' concussive TBI in US military 2Health News:New study says probiotic use for infant colic is not effective in reducing symptoms 2Health News:Dual role: Key cell division proteins also power up mitochondria 2
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