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Tag: "tuberculosis" at biology news

Scientists find missing enzyme for tuberculosis iron scavenging pathway

...ein that was originally believed to be involved in tuberculosis antibiotic resistance is actually a "missing enzym...he emergence of multi-drug resistant strains of M. tuberculosis has prompted the search for new drug targets and a better understanding of the mechanism of resistan...

UNC launches study of liver injury caused by drugs

...ue to one of four specific drugs. The four are the tuberculosis drug isoniazid, the anti-seizure medications phenytoin and valproic acid, and the antibiotic amoxicillin-clavulanate potassium. "Eligible patients from anywhere in North Carolina or neighboring states who are willing to come to UNC can be enrolled n...

Leprosy microbes lead scientists to immune discovery

...uld love to look at them in other diseases such as tuberculosis in the lungs and juvenile diabetes." Harvard School of Public Health is dedicated to advancing the public's health through learning, discovery, and communication. More than 300 faculty members are engaged in teaching and training the 900-plus studen...

To Stop Evolution: New Way Of Fighting Antibiotic Resistance Demonstrated By Scripps Scientists

...otic revolution. Antibiotic "wonder drugs" toppled tuberculosis (TB) and typhoid fever, controlled cholera and gonorrhea, reduced staphylococcal dysentery, and lowered the incidence of many other pandemic bacterial infections. These antibiotics are basically natural chemicals (or derivatives of natural chemicals)...

Aircraft Cabin Ventilation Influences The Transmission Of Diseases In-flight

...r space. Computer models of data from an in-flight tuberculosis investigation reveal that doubling ventilation rat...half. Investigations of in-flight transmission of tuberculosis suggest that the risk of disease transmission to other symptom-free passengers within the aircraft c...

Research on antibiotics receives historical recognition

... ?the first effective pharmaceutical treatment for tuberculosis ?will be designated a National Historic Chemical Landmark at Rutgers University in a special ceremony in New Brunswick, New Jersey, on May 24. The American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, sponsors the landmarks program. Beg...

New vaccine protects more effectively against tuberculosis

...ical Investigations, August 18, 2005). Globally, tuberculosis remains the number one killer in adults. Moreover, multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis strains are on the rise which cannot be treated by first-line drugs. A vaccine against tuberculosis,...

A molecule impedes the destruction of the 'Brucella' bacteria

...ncludes other important bacteria, such as those of tuberculosis or legionelosis. Brucella penetrates the macrophages within membranous vesicles that are not fused with lysosomes (structures containing cellular products necessary to destroy bacteria) as occurs in other micro-organisms. On the contrary, they reach ...

Boosting The BCG Vaccine To Beat Tuberculosis

...ches holes in the membranes of phagosomes where M. tuberculosis is located, allowing better T cell-mediated immuni... The new BCG vaccine strain protects mice against tuberculosis significantly better than the parental BCG. Superior protection is not only induced against the labo...

Researchers Discover Ancient Origins Of Tuberculosis-causing Bacteria

...ches holes in the membranes of phagosomes where M. tuberculosis is located, allowing better T cell-mediated immuni... The new BCG vaccine strain protects mice against tuberculosis significantly better than the parental BCG. Superior protection is not only induced against the labo...

Agilent Technologies Introduces First Commercial Mouse Microarray for Comparative Genomic Hybridization Research

...ches holes in the membranes of phagosomes where M. tuberculosis is located, allowing better T cell-mediated immuni... The new BCG vaccine strain protects mice against tuberculosis significantly better than the parental BCG. Superior protection is not only induced against the labo...

Clear rules needed to govern deep sea bioprospecting: UNU

...i-fungal, anti-HIV, antibiotic, anti-cancer, anti- tuberculosis and anti-malaria. Applications for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, cystic fibrosis and impotence are also under consideration. Other compounds have anti-inflammatory properties and one is used as an anti-irritant in cosmetics. A hormone extra...

A Father’s Day Gift: Free DNA Paternity Testing

...i-fungal, anti-HIV, antibiotic, anti-cancer, anti- tuberculosis and anti-malaria. Applications for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, cystic fibrosis and impotence are also under consideration. Other compounds have anti-inflammatory properties and one is used as an anti-irritant in cosmetics. A hormone extra...

Scientists discover gene that controls speed of tuberculosis development

...ew of the mechanisms underlying the development of tuberculosis and may contribute to public health efforts aimed ...lion people infected, only 5%-10% actually develop tuberculosis disease in their lifetime--the other 90%-95% appear to be able to contain the infection in a dormant...

Researchers find how some antibiotics kill bacteria

...se of rifamycins in treating infections other than tuberculosis and meningitis due to the fear of spread of resistant mutations," said Vladimir Svetlov, a study co-author and a research associate in microbiology at Ohio State. "Those mutations could render these antibiotics ineffective against most of the seriou...

Einstein researchers identify new way that bacteria develop resistance to antibiotics

... novel strategy by which the bacterium that causes tuberculosis may soon be able to resist the effects of antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones. The finding explains why several disease-causing microbes, including Shigella and E. coli, are rapidly becoming resistant to fluoroquinolones. The international researc...

Once-dreaded leprosy 'replaced' by tuberculosis, say researchers

...s, the scientists found traces of both leprosy and tuberculosis bacteria in 42 percent of the cases. The findings on the relationship between leprosy and tuberculosis were reported in a recent edition of the British Royal Society Proceedings B by Dr. Mark Spigelman, ...

Pillows - a hot bed of fungal spores

... It can also get into the lung cavities created by tuberculosis which affects a third of the world's population, causing general ill-health and bleeding in the lung, as well as causing a range of plant and animal diseases. Dr Geoffrey Scott, Chairman of the Fungal Research Trust which funded the study, said: "T...

NIAID researchers show how promising TB drug works

...g drug candidate attacks the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). Published online this week in Proceedings of...rug candidate, PA-824, which targets Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb). "PA-824, now in early stage clinical trials, holds promise for shortening the TB treatmen...

Dangerous tricksters: Some bacterie use immune cells to reproduce

...ng disease in young foals which is very similar to tuberculosis in humans. Hence, it is not too surprising that Rhodococcus equi is closely related to the tubercle bacillus (Mycobacterium tuberculosis). Since macrophages are the main target of Rhodococcus in the horse's lung, a lot of rhodococci are found there ...

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