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Tag: "transform" at biology news

Researchers examine carbon capture and storage to combat global warming

...as never enters the atmosphere. The practice could transform heavy carbon spewers, such as coal power plants, into relatively clean machines with regard to global warming. ''The notion is that the sooner we wean ourselves off fossil fuels, the sooner we'll be able to tackle the climate problem,'' said Sally...

Premature births may be linked to seasonal levels of pesticides and nitrates in surface water

...a momentous observation, which hopefully will help transform the way humanity cares for its world," said James Lemons, M.D., Hugh McK. Landon Professor of Pediatrics at the IU School of Medicine. Dr. Lemons is director of the section of neonatal-perinatal medicine at the IU School of Medicine and heads the Ril...

Dinosaur hearing, listening to muscle noise, quieter cubicles

...21st century is the ability to gradually morph, or transform sounds from one to another. A variation of morphi...ques. As an illustrative demonstration, Fitz will transform some of the "world's worst sounds" (as determined by UK acoustician Trevor Cox, http://www.sound101...

Synthetic peptide targets latent papilloma virus infections

...ogens, such as HIV in blood cells. The virus can transform infected cells and make them proliferate into nipple-like warts. Unlike unsightly warts on the skin, tongue or penis, warts in the cervix are often flat and easily overlooked unless laboratory staining is used to find signs of pathology, as in Pap sc...

Molecular differences between early and advanced melanomas could provide new drug targets

...hat Akt overexpression on its own is sufficient to transform radial growth melanoma cells into highly invasive tumors via reactive oxygen pathways," says Dr. Arbiser. "This could provide us with promising targets for anti-cancer drug therapy. We will continue to work on refining the exact mechanisms of how Ak...

Scientists discover new life forms in the Arctic Ocean

...n biliproteins, highly fluorescent substances that transform light into biomass, and phyte meaning they are plants. The discovery came from carefully analyzing DNA sequences belonging to vast communities of micro-organisms living in the ocean. "There was one group of sequences that just didn't line up with ...

Researchers create artificial enzyme that mimics the body's internal engine

...ee centers provide the four electrons necessary to transform oxygen into water. "How all four electrons are added to oxygen has always been mysterious," Collman said. "Very few people study it. It's quite complex, and it's been broadly ignored." Each electron is brought to the enzyme one at a time, Collman ...

Cells use 'noise' to make cell-fate decisions

...f biochemical "noise" is beneficial, helping cells transform from one state to another, according to a new stud...mportant function, such as prompting stem cells to transform into a specific tissue type. Electronic noise is an unwanted signal characteristic of all electri...

Engineering the heart piece by piece

...hese possibilities are all within reach, and could transform the way heart care is delivered, say University of Michigan Medical School researchers in the new issue of the journal Regenerative Medicine. Technology has advanced so much in recent years, they write, that scientists are closer than ever to “bioeng...

New science of metagenomics 'will transform modern microbiology'

...be grown in laboratory culture. Metagenomics will transform modern microbiology by giving scientists the tools to study entire communities of microbes -- the vast majority of which are likely to be previously unknown species that cannot be cultured -- and how they interact to perform such functions as balanci...

Cholera pathogen reveals how bacteria generate energy to live

...thogen, while also offering insight into how cells transform energy from the environment into the forms required to sustain life. As a single-cell organism, Vibrio cholerae depends on resources in its immediate environment to sustain itself. Blanca Barquera, assistant professor of biology at Rensselaer and pr...

Chromosomal microarray analysis proves accurate

...d. This high resolution genome analysis promise to transform the practice of clinical genetics," said Beaudet. More important, the technique found abnormalities in 5.2 percent of patients for whom more traditional techniques had not identified the genetic cause. "We are constantly improving the test," ...

Unique tomatoes tops in disease-fighting antioxidants

...lycopene. "We don't know why our bodies seem to transform lycopene into cis-isomers, or if some isomers are more beneficial than others," Schwartz said. The researchers don't know if tomatoes rich in cis-lycopene would provide greater health benefits to humans, but the study's results suggest that tomato...

Gene key to taste bud development identified

...e embryonic tongue and in the back of the mouth to transform into taste buds, according to the researchers. Stem cells are immature cells that can develop into several different cell types depending on what biochemical instructions they receive. "Not only did we find that SOX2 is crucial for the development ...

Scientists crack genetic secrets of human egg

The human egg's ability to transform into a new life, or into new cells that may someda...y lies in the mechanics - in how a single cell can transform so nimbly. Scientists at Michigan State University report this week in the Proceedings of the Nati...

An advanced genetic diagnostic method for multiple myeloma

...e a cure for the disease, will make it possible to transform it into a chronic and asymptomatic pathology. ...

Scientists find mutations that let bird flu adapt to humans

...ular blueprint for the genetic changes required to transform a virus that only infects birds to a virus capable of easily recognizing human receptors. Receptors are molecules on the surface of cells that permit the virus to dock with the cell and commandeer it to initiate a cascade of infection. By knowing wha...

Newly discovered behavior in cancer cells signals dangerous metastasis

...w, scientists have believed that cancer cells must transform permanently from stationary epithelial cells into migratory mesenchymal cells in order to metastasize. The Duke team discovered that highly malignant cells are equal parts epithelial and mesenchymal, transitioning between the two as their surroundin...

Malaria vaccine prompts victims' immune system to eliminate parasite from mosquitoes

...l form. Some of the Plasmodium cells, however, transform into gametocytes—the sexual forms of the parasite that are equivalent to sperm and eggs. Fertilization takes place in the mosquito gut, after which the parasite imbeds itself in the gut lining. There, it passes through discrete stages, before migra...

New biochip helps study living cells, may speed drug development

...e plant need less nitrogen fertilizer -- you could transform a group of maize cells with these genes and then screen each cell to determine the most efficient. Then you could raise the one that needed the least fertilizer, rather than putting a lot of different genes into hundreds of plants and waiting for the...

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(Date:7/9/2014)... that can attack soybean crops, why would charcoal rot ... University of Illinois scientists cite the earth,s changing climate ... the fungus that causes charcoal rot. , Fungi may ... Macrophomina phaseolina , the fungus that causes charcoal ... the climate continues to change and we see more ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... shows that the population is 3.79 million breeding ... Adlie penguins have long been considered a key ... of climate change and fishing in the Southern ... from Stony Brook University and University of Minnesota ... monitoring of Adlie penguins across their entire breeding ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... candidate developed by researchers at the NIH,s ... and its collaborators to treat sickle cell ... BioScience business. The drug candidate, Aes-103, is ... underlying molecular mechanism of sickle cell disease. ... activities required for regulatory approval and commercialization. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Climate change provides good growing conditions for charcoal rot in soybeans 2Climate change provides good growing conditions for charcoal rot in soybeans 3New study finds that Adélie penguin population is on the rise 2New study finds that Adélie penguin population is on the rise 3First drug candidate from NIH program acquired by biopharmaceutical company 2First drug candidate from NIH program acquired by biopharmaceutical company 3First drug candidate from NIH program acquired by biopharmaceutical company 4
(Date:7/9/2014)... into the metabolism of stromal support cells and immune ... these cell types in the development of diseases ... and cancer. That was the conclusion of a review ... the leading journal Nature . , Prof. Peter ... call. The metabolism of cancer cells has been examined ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... The Miriam Hospital have found that people with ... depressed have difficulty sticking to a pulmonary rehabilitation ... women, and screening and brief treatment of depression ... study and its findings are published in print ... obstructive pulmonary disease is a common and often ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... from Montefiore Medical Center and the ... will present new findings at the Alzheimer,s Association International ... in Copenhagen, Denmark. Data from the four abstracts will ... normality to mild cognitive impairment and dementia. The research ... established in 1980 to examine healthy brain aging as ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), ... launched an early-stage clinical trial of CRS3123, an ... difficile ( C. difficile ) infection. CRS3123 ... that inhibits C. difficile growth while sparing normal ... enroll up to 30 healthy men and women ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... age with kidney and heart disease have raised concerns ... adults. However, in the first study to look closely ... Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania report that older ... expectancy and cardiovascular health as very healthy older people ... the ever increasing organ transplant waitlists, the authors of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Wake-up call for more research into cell metabolism 2Health News:Miriam Hospital study examines effect of depressed mood on pulmonary rehab completion 2Health News:Investigators from Montefiore and Einstein to present data at 2014 Alzheimer's Association International Conference 2Health News:Investigators from Montefiore and Einstein to present data at 2014 Alzheimer's Association International Conference 3Health News:NIH launches Phase I clinical trial of novel drug to treat Clostridium difficile infection 2Health News:Penn study finds living kidney donation does not increase risk of death or heart disease for older 2
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