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Tag: "thrive" at biology news

Small, self-controlled planes combine plant pathology and engineering

...r been cultured before. Some of these microbes may thrive only in the atmosphere, and many of them may be new to science.” This and other fascinating results have led Schmale to hypothesize that some airborne microorganisms have “novel biochemical processes for interacting with each other as a community ...

In nature, proteins sweep up nanoparticles

...fide is a metabolic waste product of bacteria that thrive in the oxygen-free mine. Once the sulfide is released into the watery environment, it readily combines with metals, in this case zinc, to form nano-sized biominerals that measure about one-billionth of a meter in diameter. The team examined the bi...

Puzzling plankton yield secrets to role in evolution/global photosynthesis

...loyed to ‘engineer?an extremely small eukaryote to thrive in nature—which may well find applications in bioengineering," said Palenik. "It was particularly interesting to see the predicted use of selenium-containing enzymes as one of the tricks to maintain such tiny cells. There are many mechanisms that ca...

Amphibians in losing race with environmental change

...ods with very different climates, and continued to thrive while many other species went extinct. But right now, they just can't keep up." It has been estimated that the rate of plant and animal extinction is greater now than any known in the last 100,000 years, the researchers note in their report. Amphi...

Alien plants attack using 'resource conservation' as weapon, researchers say

...ative species and reducing biodiversity. Invaders thrive best in regions where there is an abundance of materials for growth, such as water, nutrients and light. Biologists have long assumed that alien species pose less of a threat in resource-poor environments because they are less able to compete with in...

Students invent protective pouch to enhance cell therapy

...f therapeutic cells in one place, allowing them to thrive and send out needed insulin. The inventors say the...microcapsules in one place where their cells could thrive and deliver effective therapy. During the past school year, the engineering students researched t...

Scientists seek useful traits in wild cottons

...o not require harsh insecticides and fungicides to thrive in adverse conditions. Fiber from "greener" varieties may be more desirable with environmentally-savvy consumers, and help farmers reduce production costs without sacrificing yield or lint quality, Gannaway said. Mark Arnold, Experiment Stat...

UBC researchers reveal dwarf aquatic plants' hidden ancestry

... Native to Australia, New Zealand and India, they thrive in seasonal freshwater pools and swamps, and may blossom underwater at depths of up to one metre, or as the pools dry out. "For more than a century, scientists have been piecing together the details of the rapid rise and early diversification of f...

Recently discovered species gain protection

...rsity contained there are better protected and can thrive into the future." ...

Cities change the songs of birds

...equencies, seems critical to the bird’s ability to thrive despite urban noise. Species without these capacities may have no other choice than to escape city life. ...

Ocean seep mollusks may share evolutionary history with other deep-sea creatures

... seeps--strange clams, mussels and sea snails that thrive in the sulfur and methane-rich environments--are o... worms and the mollusks studied by Kiel and Little thrive with the help of the symbiotic bacteria. "If you can become adapted to living at these sites, you ca...

From hot springs to rice farms, scientists reveal new insights into the secret lives of archaea

...xtreme conditions. Indeed, many species of archaea thrive in environments that would kill other organisms, from Yellowstone hot springs to the hyper-salty Dead Sea to streams polluted by mining waste where the pH level is equivalent to battery acid. Archaea even inhabit the warm, dark environs of our intest...

Fire ants: Their true story told by the scientist who loves them

...cal havoc created by disturbed habitats ?fire ants thrive in them, natives don't. Consequently, the USDA has wasted millions on what Tschinkel calls politically motivated campaigns to eradicate S. invicta with little or no improvement in native survival to show for it. "Fire ants have been the victims of a...

Researchers appeal for new regulations to save coral reefs from live fish trade

...coral-eating crown-of-thorns starfish is likely to thrive in these situations, particularly when the corals are already stressed by a multitude of other impacts including global warming. According to the 2004 Status of the Coral Reefs of the World report, coral reefs are in serious decline due largely to ...

Arctic expedition will investigate alien-like glacier

...e to a unique form of bacteria that has adapted to thrive in a cold and sulfur-rich environment. "We really want to try and understand the plumbing system for this spring and where all this sulfur is coming from," Beauchamp said. "This is a very unusual feature on the earth's surface and it's an extreme ec...

Ready, set, mutate?and may the best microbe win

...gh temperature. The metabolic protein required to thrive at high-temperature could only be made in one genetic region of the bacteria's DNA, meaning the researchers had only to characterize that small region of the genome for each new strain in order to measure evolutionary progress. The researchers sampl...

Breaks in hibernation help fight bugs

...ncing a warmer winter. However, Salmonella doesn't thrive at very low temperatures, so when animals experien...the animals were exposed to certain pathogens that thrive at low temperatures, like some E. coli, the animals would still have to regularly break their hibern...

Bacteria beat the heat

...ow do some microorganisms manage to exist and even thrive in surroundings ranging from Antarctica to boiling hot springs? A team of scientists from the Weizmann Institute's Plant Sciences Department, led by Prof. Avigdor Scherz, has found that a switch in just two amino acids (the building blocks of protein...

Major obesity gene is 'lost in the shuffle'

...bons' remarkably small body mass, enabling them to thrive in the jungle canopy." Ishida points out that future studies of gibbons and other primates will enable scientists to examine the physiological effects of the ASIP deletion. "This will allow us to identify the specific metabolic roles of ASIP in v...

Prenatal nicotine exposure reduces breathing response of newborns...

...rn with many health challenges and who struggle to thrive at their low-birth weights. According to 2003 statistics from the March of Dimes ( http://www.marchofdimes.com/prematurity/15341_10734.asp ), hospital charges for newborns without complications averaged $1,700. In contrast, hospital costs for infan...

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(Date:7/28/2014)... additional coral communities showing signs of damage from the Deepwater ... spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The discovery was made ... at Penn State University. A paper describing this work and ... of Mexico will be published during the last week of ... Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . , ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Essigmann and colleagues from the University of Washington had a ... could induce the virus to mutate uncontrollably, they could force ... that our immune system uses against many viruses. , ... mutate at an enhanced rate, as expected. But it did ... trial reported in 2011. In a new study, however, Essigmann ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Alzheimer,s disease and other forms of dementia, but the ... , University of Washington bioengineers have a designed a ... the body,s normal proteins into a state that,s linked ... Type 2 diabetes and Lou Gehrig,s disease. The synthetic ... normal state into an abnormally folded form by targeting ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Impact of Deepwater Horizon oil spill on coral is deeper and broader than predicted 2Forced mutations doom HIV 2Forced mutations doom HIV 3Forced mutations doom HIV 4New protein structure could help treat Alzheimer's, related diseases 2New protein structure could help treat Alzheimer's, related diseases 3
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