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Tag: "techniques" at biology news

NJIT engineer poised to take stem cell research a step forward

... Technology, will allow her to apply her stem cell techniques to help patients who have cartilage damage. She and Jaffe will spur cartilage regeneration by combing stem cells with bio-degradable scaffolds that mimic fibers found in human cartilage tissue. They will test different scaffolds and determine which b...

How 'hot' emotional brain interferes with 'cool' processing

...ain imaging and neuropsychological and psychiatric techniques to understand PTSD and related disorders. ...

World first research to speed up cure for ear infections

...m heals itself we can help clinicians identify new techniques to speed up the healing process for sufferers of ear infections. "Ear infections are a major worldwide health problem and it is common for an average person to take up to 10 years before they receive medical treatment. "We tend to ignore ear infect...

Scientists seek to unwrap the sweet mystery of the sugar coat on bacteria

...ria from the immune system of their host. Previous techniques for studying the sugars were too slow to catch these rapid changes. "There's a growing recognition of the importance of carbohydrates on bacterial cell surfaces," says Dr. Lara Mahal, lead researcher and assistant professor of chemistry and bioche...

Molecule by molecule, new assay shows real-time gene activity

...ing cells. Finally, the low sensitivity of current techniques for detecting gene expression has restricted analysis to highly expressed genes. Xie's new assay addresses all three limitations. He and his colleagues melded a yellow fluorescent protein called Venus with Tsr, a hydrophobic membrane protein. The in...

UF researchers develop ways to keep the bloom on the rose

...se life by three or more days through post-harvest techniques so consumers see a difference in the flowers they purchase ?not only on Valentine's Day but throughout the year. "Our research has shown that keeping flowers cold as they move from the field to the florist is critical," said Terril Nell, who has bee...

Removing DNA repair gene causes metabolic syndrome

...e stress to the cells that damages their DNA. Such techniques could one day become therapies. "One may be able to develop a diagnostic method to do early screening," Lloyd said. "Or there could be a drug discovery mechanism in which you enhance the transcription process (of NEIL1) and just make more. Maybe you...

Mice lacking social memory molecule take bullying in stride

...a kind of molecular magic bullet (using transgenic techniques and a virus) that selectively turned off BDNF expression in the social learning circuit. This exerted an antidepressant-like effect; the mice were spared from developing social avoidance behavior following repeated social defeat. "Without BDNF in ...

The giant protein titin helps build muscles

...assembly. The Gautel lab used advanced microscope techniques to watch the molecules link to each other in live cells. "We knew that telethonin acted as a sort of 'cap' or 'bolt' at the end of the titin molecule," Gautel says. "What we couldn't see is how it connected two separate copies of titin together. That...

Oops! Researchers publish new findings on the brain's response to costly mistakes

...at is placed on the head. The method is similar to techniques used to study the brains of people with epilepsy or sleep problems, but the electrical signal from the brain is processed in a different way. In prior studies, Gehring and his colleagues observed a distinct brain electrical response to errors, dubbin...

Strawberries by design

...neva, New York, who has developed highly efficient techniques for transforming apple, remarked: "The commercial strawberry familiar to most consumers is octoploid, which means that it contains eight sets of chromosomes. By using a close relative that has two sets of chromosomes and a significantly smaller genom...

Outsmarting the smartie bug

... known strains will help in the development of new techniques for monitoring changes in capsule type so researchers can look out for such capsule switching. "The new vaccine that will be given to UK children is very effective at protecting against serious pneumococcal disease, but it does not protect against d...

Scientists force viruses to evolve as better delivery vehicles for gene therapy

... them more virulent, he said that other and easier techniques already allow this frightening possibility. AAV consists of two genes enclosed within a ball, or capsid, of proteins. The capsid proteins are what antibodies recognize, and as a result were the target of directed evolution. To provide the raw materi...

Researchers discover way to transport environmental arsenic to plant leaves in new clean-up strategy

...ty of Georgia had, several years ago, used genetic techniques to create "arsenic-eating" plants that could be planted on polluted sites. There was a problem, however. The arsenic sequestered from soil remained largely in the roots of the plant, making it difficult to harvest for safe disposal. Now, the researc...

Blood flow in brain takes a twist, affecting views of Alzheimer's

...nderlying today's most sophisticated brain imaging techniques and could open a new frontier when it comes to und... for interpretation of sophisticated brain imaging techniques such as PET scans and functional MRI scans. Now the group led by Nedergaard, professor in the Depar...

World Trade Center identifications pushed forensic DNA technology

...l the identifications that it could. In time, new techniques may identify more individuals. ...

Biofuels can replace about 30 percent of fuel needs with significant research and policy effort

...mmends some changes to the plants themselves using techniques such as accelerated domestication to make them more efficient energy crops. But doubling the productivity of energy crops will mean identifying constraints and correcting them with genomic tools. To make biofuels a truly practical alternative to pe...

Possible brain hormone may unlock mystery of hibernation

...udies may further stimulate the exploration of new techniques for cryosurgery of the heart and brain, as well as the development of hypothermia treatment that is effective for preventing brain ischemic damage." In cryosurgery, physicians use extreme cold to destroy abnormal tissue, such as cancerous tumors. ...

Is the brain wired for faces?

... instead uses the same kind of pattern recognition techniques to distinguish between people as it uses to search for differences between other groups of objects, such as plants, animals and cars. The study, published in the April 6 edition of the journal Neuron, adds new evidence to the debate over how the br...

Inside rocks, implications for finding life on Mars

...o Mars brings rocks back to Earth, Schopf said the techniques he has used, called confocal laser scanning micros...r signs of life, such as organic cell walls. These techniques would not destroy the rocks. "It's astounding to see an organically preserved, microscopic fossil i...

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(Date:10/15/2014)... to an unexpected extent. The outbreak does not follow ... shows a new disease dynamic in regions, where it ... German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, acatech – the ... of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities have ... In the statement the academies call for the following ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... Rosenstiel Award for Distinguished Work in Biomedical Science by ... of genomic instability and its implications for the immune ... to win the Rosenstiel Award; the first, Rod McKinnon, ... the Charles A. Janeway Professor of Pediatrics and Professor ... at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at Boston Children,s ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... published in Cancer Research shows SIRT6—a protein ... cancers—can promote the development of skin cancers by turning ... of sun-damaged skin cells. , Previously considered protective, SIRT6 ... sirtuins that help regulate genomic stability and prevent some ... repair DNA damage, which can lead to cancer. This ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 2Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 3Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 4Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 5Brandeis awards 44th Rosenstiel Award to pioneering geneticist Fred Alt 2Two-faced gene: SIRT6 prevents some cancers but promotes sun-induced skin cancer 2
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