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Tag: "tastes" at biology news

Children's taste sensitivity and food choices influenced by taste gene

...bitter sensitive use more sugar to mask unpleasant tastes in food, and thus come to prefer it more. Whatever the explanation, this is an important puzzle to solve." Unlike children, bitter receptor genotype did not influence sweet preference in adults. Instead, effects of race/ethnicity were the strongest ...

Thai spice helps cut blood sugar swings

...world, the dream ingredient must be something that tastes good enough to be a condiment or flavoring and yet somehow helps us keep our weight down. Consider hydroxycitric acid (HCA), known variously as Brindle berry or Malabar tamarind, which is used in Indian and Thai food as a condiment and flavoring agen...

Bitter or sweet? The same taste bud can tell the difference

... ability to differentiate between sweet and bitter tastes may reside in the same taste bud cells, a new stud...sensation. Sour and salty ?the two other dominant tastes ?seem to work in totally different ways than sweet and bitter, Herness said. The researchers would ...

Restaurant seafood prices since 1850s help plot marine harvests through history

...nd San Francisco. The menus shed light on shifting tastes for and supplies of such popular seafood as lobster, swordfish, abalone, oysters, halibut, haddock and sole. Though still at an early stage, the research already shows a dramatic rise in the price of abalone coincident with the collapse of stocks al...

Living taste cells produced outside the body

...o study how taste stimuli interact to enhance good tastes or suppress unpleasant tastes. Similarly, new molecules, including potential artificial sweeteners or bitter blockers, can be evaluated to see if they interact with taste receptors to activate the cell. Another important avenue for research aims to...

Great (taste) expectations: Study shows brain anticipates taste, shifts gears

...ed as such, and the regions of the brain that code tastes were activated less. "When the subject sees the warning signal, portions of the brain activated by the misleading cue predict the decreased brain response to the awful taste," Nitschke says. What's more, "the (brain's) response to the misleading cue...

How taste response is hard-wired into the brain

...fferent neurons selectively detected the different tastes and whether they generated taste behaviors. To di...r studies argue that animals distinguish different tastes by activation of dedicated neural circuits that dictate behavioral outputs," they wrote. ...

Variation in bitter-taste receptor gene increases risk for alcoholism

...s variant also tend to be less sensitive to bitter tastes as suggested by the cell culture experiments. As part of this investigation, Goate's team took advantage of available genome sequence databases to speed work in identifying and studying genes on chromosome 7. She says data from the Human Genome Pro...

Scientists solve sour taste proteins

...such as some children's medicines or health foods, tastes sweet, he said. The team's findings appear in the...n the subsets of cells involved in the first three tastes and the cells in which PKD1L3 and PKD2L1 are active. Matsunami said this result suggested that those...

Science captures the essence of fruit

...s means that it should be possible for the natural tastes and aromas of fruit to be recreated. According t...rs have largely been successful in copying natural tastes and scents, they generally do so either through a chemical synthesis process or extraction from harv...

Just like us, social stress prompts hamsters to overeat, gain weight

...an the overeating that people do just because food tastes good and is available, Bartness said. If scientists could learn how to reduce the urge to eat in the face of stress, it could improve the health of a lot of people. And that was the point of this study. The researchers used Syrian hamsters, the kind...

Tastes great! Study shows brain's response to pleasing -- and changing -- tastes

We all have tastes we love, and tastes we hate. And yet, our "taste" for certain flavors and foods can change over time, as we get older or...

Researchers examine why food tastes bad to chemotherapy recipients

... health-based problems such as persistent metallic tastes of patients receiving chemotherapy. They hope to identify the cause of the metallic flavor in the mouth when drinking water contains metal ions, specifically iron and copper. Their research will also evaluate the use of antioxidants to prevent the ...

Art and music for the birds

... Rutgers University—Camden, is testing the musical tastes of our fine feathered friends with an exhibition featuring four 10-foot red perches offering what are considered to be the best in classical, rock, country, and jazz for local birds. Demaray’s concept of art for the birds hatched from a conversatio...

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