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Brain inflammation may be friend, not foe, for Alzheimer's patients

.... O’Banion notes that some studies have found that taking medications to squelch inflammation, such non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs, might help reduce a person’s chances of getting Alzheimer’s disease, while other studies, including a study of more than 2,100 people published in April, refut...

Math that powers spam filters used to understand how brain learns to move our muscles

...affect the probability of future outcomes, such as taking an alternate route to work on Friday because you’ve experienced heavy traffic Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday and believe strongly that Friday will be just as bad,” says Shadmehr. E-mail spam filters operate on a similar principle; they predict which...

The insect vector always bites twice

...teran insect. This becomes infected when it feeds, taking blood from an infected vertebrate host. The pathogenic agent finds conditions to reproduce and proliferate in the vector’s body. In most cases, the parasite moves back into the vector’s salivary glands in order to be transmitted to the human host whe...

A new plant-bacterial symbiotic mechanism promising for crop applications

...picales et Méditerranéennes’ and its partners (1), taking as model a symbiosis between a tropical aquatic legume, Aeschynomene, and Bradyrhizobium, bacteria of the Rhizobia family, have just revealed a new mode of communication at molecular level between these two organisms. The bacteria of this original mo...

Studies to find better ways to preserve human eggs, ovarian tissue under way

...ells from the hazards of freezing are added before taking tissue from the refrigerator temperature of 4 degr...study, the next step will have Drs. Song and Emmi taking ovarian tissue from cancer patients, vitrifying it then, after they are sure it’s cancer-free, re-im...

Millions of children denied drug that costs less than $3 a year

...hom are children, could return to a normal life by taking a single daily dose of a drug (phenobarbital) that costs less than $3 (£1.5; €2.2) each year. The World Health Organisation recommends phenobarbital as the treatment of choice in resource restricted countries, but this policy has been questioned b...

Study investigates 'divorce' among Galapagos seabirds

...ls around again, a male looks a little ragged from taking care of junior, his mate is likely to choose another. A male’s capacity to raise offspring, a quality that can vary with time, may carry more weight with a mate than stellar genes or past breeding success, Maness said. She used 14 years of data o...

Ancient retrovirus sheds light on modern pandemic

... They reassembled about one-fifth of the virus by taking dozens of PtERV1 sequences and aligning them to create an "ancestral" sequence, teasing out areas of commonality between them. They then used this information to make a partial viral genome. During reconstruction the viral segment was debilitated, en...

Scientists close in on missing carbon sink

... results indicate that intact tropical forests are taking up a large amount of carbon," Stephens explains. "They are helping to offset industrial carbon emissions and the atmospheric impacts of clearing land more than we realized." Capturing vertical movements Most of the computer models produced in...

Antarctic icebergs -- Hotspots of ocean life

...dividual icebergs and their immediate environment, taking a wide array of measurements – physical, biological and chemical, and using satellite images provided by NASA. At the same time, the wealth of data brought new challenges in how to manage this avalanche of information. “The whole is definitely gr...

Modified mushrooms may yield human drugs

...ls, Dr. Romaine explained. "What we are doing is taking a gene, as for example a drug gene, that is not part of the mushroom, and camouflaging it with regulatory elements from a mushroom gene. We then patch these genetic elements in the plasmid and insert it back into the bacterium," he added. The resea...

Hawaiian treasure, macadamia nuts good for the heart

...esterol levels, normal blood pressure and were not taking lipid lowering drugs. Researchers randomly assigned participants to either the macadamia nut diet or the standard American diet and provided all meals for the participants for five weeks. The participants then switched diets and continued eating only...

HIVMA opposes The Gambia's unproven AIDS remedy

...ia is encouraging citizens living with HIV to stop taking antiretroviral medications in order to try an unpr...n doing well on antiretroviral therapy but stopped taking the drugs in order to qualify to receive his "cure." HIVMA joins its colleagues in the Internati...

Mice with a migraine show signs of brain damage

...ial ions like potassium and sodium out of balance, taking away the brain’s ability to function efficiently. This change in the proportion of chemicals gradually sweeps across the brain like a slowly spreading wave. The brain, in turn, is under tremendous stress, developing a voracious appetite for oxygen...

Catching cancer's spread by watching hemoglobin

...tion, three-dimensional images of blood vessels by taking advantage of the natural multiple-photon-absorbing...als the outlines and contours of blood vessels. By taking images at different depths and stacking these images layer by layer, the researchers can reconstruct...

UQ research heralds vaccine technology breakthrough

...around the world," Professor Tindle said. "We're taking advantage of that to piggyback, if you like, the respiratory syncytial virus peptides into the vaccine." He hoped the vaccine would ultimately be able to protect people against both diseases in the one shot and, even better, the recombinant vaccine...

Molecule that destroys bone also protects it, new research shows

...es that inhibiting IL-17 too much could put people taking such a drug at risk for opportunistic infections such as periodontal disease and tuberculosis, she noted. "Developing knowledge about the molecules that contribute to host defense versus pathology is very important for gaining a fundamental under...

Survival of the rarest: Fruit flies shed light on the evolution of behavior

... next step is to show that this phenomenon is also taking place in the wild. In addition, since the foraging gene is found in many animals, including honeybees, mice and humans, the researchers are examining how variations in the human foraging gene may be linked to food-related disorders. ...

World's leading scientists announce creation of 'Encyclopedia of Life'

...den has become a full partner, and discussions are taking place this week with leaders of the new Atlas of Living Australia. The Encyclopedia today also announced the initial membership of its Institutional Council, which spans the globe, and whose members will play key roles in realizing this immense proj...

HIV survival improves if patients stay in care

...ortant," said Giordano. "Patients who have trouble taking their medicines regularly will do less well. But what about those people who aren't even seeing a doctor regularly" Before this study, we had only a vague understanding of the magnitude of the problem, and we certainly didn't know whether it affected...

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(Date:4/23/2014)... many social mammals, ravens form different types of social ... and they also form strict dominance relations. From a ... a key ability in daily social life ("knowing who ... group members have with each other sets the stage ... results of this study have been published in the ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... is leading a 2 million Food Standards Agency (FSA) ... premises and industry workers. , Norovirus outbreaks can ... a batch of frozen strawberries infected 11,000 people in ... understanding of which strains cause infection and which foods ... , Researchers will produce data that will help ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... secret to get your child to behave at the dinner ... Cornell study published in Eating Behaviors , found that ... bite with their front teeth such as drumsticks, whole apples, ... when these foods had been cut. "They were twice ... other kids," said Brian Wansink, Professor and Director of the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Ravens understand the relations among others 2Biting vs. chewing 2
(Date:4/23/2014)... 2014 The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) ... Postoperative Radiation Therapy for Endometrial Cancer: An ASTRO ... radiation therapy in the treatment of endometrial cancer. ... May-June 2014 issue of Practical Radiation Oncology ... ASTRO. The full-length guideline is available as an ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... enzyme pathway that helps prevent new cells from receiving ... has been directly linked to cancer and other diseases. ... near the end of cell division, the enzyme Cdc14 ... DNA are fully repaired before the parent cell distributes ... helps safeguard against some of the most devastating genome ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... falls below normal levels are more likely to have ... disease and type 2 diabetes. A new simple screening ... and possible treatment is described in an article in ... from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is ... website at http://www.liebertpub.com/jmh . , ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... 2014) The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Research ... Research Scholars. The AGA Research Scholar Awards program, ... independent and productive research careers in digestive diseases. ... an additional year allowing for three consecutive years ... junior faculty who are paving the way for ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... country as wealthy as the United States, it may come ... have access to adequate food due to lack of money ... Recent research at the University of Illinois using data from ... the seniors who are dealing with hunger are also facing ... percent of Americans over age 60 faced the threat of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:ASTRO issues guideline on the role of postoperative radiation therapy for endometrial cancer 2Health News:ASTRO issues guideline on the role of postoperative radiation therapy for endometrial cancer 3Health News:Study identifies enzymes that help fix cancer-causing DNA defects 2Health News:AGA announces 2014 Class of AGA Research Scholars 2Health News:More Americans in their golden years are going hungry 2
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