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Tag: "sugar" at biology news

Affymetrix Unveils Plans to Double Plant and Animal Genome Microarray Offering

...tula (legume), Brassica, tomato,citrus, poplar and sugar cane. More than 20 research presentations atthis week's Plant and Animal Genome Conference XIII in San Diego,Calif. feature Affymetrix arrays launched in 2004 under the ConsortiaProgram. Some of the studies beingpresented include:-- Dr. John Cushman...

Scientists find missing enzyme for tuberculosis iron scavenging pathway

...treptomycin. "The aminoglycoside antibiotics have sugar rings with amino groups attached," explains Dr. Ba.... "The N-acetyltransferase chemically modifies the sugar amino group by transferring an acetyl group to it. This inactivates the antibiotic because it can no...

Poplar trees redirect resources in response to simulated attack

...ugar, and traced the movement of this radiolabeled sugar through the plants using autoradiography and other... jasmonic acid "attack" produced more radiolabeled sugar and delivered more of it to the roots than plants untreated with the hormone. "This is pretty convin...

Highly adaptable genome in gut bacterium key to intestinal health

...s into high gear when its host's diet changes from sugar to complex carbohydrates. This adaptive mechanism not only allows the bacterial species to survive rapidly changing nutrient conditions but also helps maintain the functions and stability of the gut's highly complex microbial society, according to r...

UCSD discovery may help extend life of natural pesticide

...ndworm C. elegans strongly suggested that specific sugar structures are likely critical for Bt toxin suscep...e conceptual realm to the chemical nature of these sugar structures--how their atoms are arranged, and how the toxin binds to them." "Bt toxin, which is pro...

South America's vast pantanal wetland may become next everglades, UNU experts warn

...he implementation of industrialized soybean, corn, sugar cane and cotton monoculture transformed millions of square kilometers of savannah, into open fields. Riparian forests along rivers have been cut down or degraded which has led to increased erosion and sedimentation, and disruption of the local hydrol...

UF Researchers Map Bacterial Proteins That Cause Tooth Loss

...nd the disease makes it difficult to control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. If that’s not bad enough, pregnant women with periodontal disease are seven times more likely to deliver low-birth-weight, preterm babies. Proteins are important to study because they are the foundation of the cellular...

World's largest rainforest drying experiment completes first phase

...duction in photosynthesis by diverting less of the sugar and other carbohydrates that they make to wood production. This finding has important implications for climate change since the amount of carbon removed from the atmosphere during tropical droughts will decrease significantly. In addition, there are ...

FDA Approves New Drug to Treat Type I and Type II Diabetes

...ed Symlin, an injectable medicine to control blood sugar for adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Symlin...th weight loss. So-called "tight" control of blood sugar is desirable in all patients with diabetes in order to reduce risks for long-term adverse consequenc...

Children's taste sensitivity and food choices influenced by taste gene

...te cereals and beverages of PP children had higher sugar content than corresponding selections of AA childr...cause those who are most bitter sensitive use more sugar to mask unpleasant tastes in food, and thus come to prefer it more. Whatever the explanation, this i...

World-first Living Donor Islet Cell Transplant A Success; Procedure Offers Promise For Diabetics

...ry, the woman had been subject to severe low blood sugar coma attacks, and her glucose control has been transformed by the transplant. Related Web Site: http://www.med.ualberta.ca/islet ...

Stem cells from brain transformed to produce insulin at Stanford

... the cells that produce insulin and regulate blood sugar are, in fact, neurons. Taken together, this eviden...ould produce insulin and release it in response to sugar added to the environment. These cells don't perfectly mimic human islet cells. Kim's cells made som...

Novel gene-silencing nanoparticles shown to inhibit Ewing's sarcoma

...iRNA (short interfering RNA) encased in nano-sized sugar polymers. The siRNA was designed to target a specific growth-promoting gene called EWS-FLI1 that's active only in Ewing's sarcoma tumors. Once inside these cells, the genetic machinery of the tumor cells are effectively silenced or shut down, preven...

Friendly bacteria in humans may protect against HIV

...ey target HIV because the virus is coated with the sugar mannose, which they use as a food source. "Different bacteria have different sugar preferences," says Tao. "To block HIV, however, we needed to find bacteria that prefer the unusual s...

Thai spice helps cut blood sugar swings

...istered HCA prior to "mimicking a meal by infusing sugar into the stomach," explained lead author Wielinga....ls, which had no HCA, the test rats' rise in blood sugar was much slower, but over 2 ½ hours all the sugar was absorbed." In addition, "HCA strongly attenua...

Future diabetes drugs may target new protein interaction

... food is scarce. Because the liver's production of sugar is a damaging problem in people with diabetes, the...er normal circumstances, the liver's production of sugar is a back-up plan that enables survival during food shortages; the brain and certain other critical ...

PHACCS, an online tool for estimating the structure and diversity of uncultured viral communities using metagenomic information

... food is scarce. Because the liver's production of sugar is a damaging problem in people with diabetes, the...er normal circumstances, the liver's production of sugar is a back-up plan that enables survival during food shortages; the brain and certain other critical ...

Sugar beet virus mutation requires Texas touch

The only sugar beets growing in Texas are in the laboratory. But ...are getting to the root of problems throughout the sugar beet industry. The sugar beet industry moved out of Texas in 1997 after the close of the processing...

Computational verification of protein-protein interactions by orthologous co-expression

... food is scarce. Because the liver's production of sugar is a damaging problem in people with diabetes, the...er normal circumstances, the liver's production of sugar is a back-up plan that enables survival during food shortages; the brain and certain other critical ...

Eliminate Data Analysis Bottlenecks in Drug Discovery

... food is scarce. Because the liver's production of sugar is a damaging problem in people with diabetes, the...er normal circumstances, the liver's production of sugar is a back-up plan that enables survival during food shortages; the brain and certain other critical ...

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