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Tag: "substantially" at biology news

One species, many genomes

...ieties of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana are often substantially different from the laboratory strain of this small mustard plant, a favorite of many plant biologists. Which detailed differences distinguish the genomes of strains from the polar circle or the subtropics, from America, Africa or Asia has been invest...

Newly discovered antibody may be body's natural defense against Alzheimer's

...in treating Alzheimer's. Still, this discovery substantially boosts our understanding of Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative illnesses, the experts say....

Legal ruling may put endangered species in danger

... the U.S. Department of the Interior in March—will substantially weaken the federal Endangered Species Act of 1973. Wolves, grizzly bears, and jaguars are among the species that could be hurt by the new definition, which limits endangered species to those simply "at risk of extinction." The scientists and phil...

Parasites' impact goes beyond host to affect ecosystem

...cent.shtml ), suggests that parasites can not only substantially affect their hosts ?altering their growth, behavior, nutritional status, reproductive abilities, and even their mortality ?but also the hosts?entire ecosystem. In the article, "Parasites alter community structure," lead author Chelsea Wood, then ...

Gene thought to assist chemo may help cancer thrive

... p53 in tumors being treated with chemotherapy may substantially improve patients' long-term survival." McDonald and colleagues are continuing to test their theory by conducting studies in cell cultures and mice. If it bears out, then disabling the gene in tumors, through medications or new genetic techniques d...

Human's ecological footprint in 2015 and Amazonia revealed

...ts and, when combined with population growth, will substantially increase the human footprint on the planet. Researchers projected 20 nations that will have the largest ecological footprints in 2015, with the United States, China and India, topping the list. According to the study, the greatest absolute increa...

Saving endangered whales at no cost

... cost-saving alterations in fishing strategies can substantially reduce fishing-gear entanglements of the critically endangered North Atlantic right whale. The findings appear in the January 9th issue of the journal Current Biology, published by Cell Press, and are reported by Ransom Myers of Dalhousie University ...

The origin of the brain lies in a worm

...e of evolution, but their architectures can differ substantially between species. While vertebrates have a CNS in the shape of a spinal cord running along their backs, insects and annelid worms like the earthworm have a rope-ladder-like chain of nerve cell clusters on their belly side. Other invertebrates on the o...

Tumor cells evade death through autophagy

... regression was increased and tumor recurrence was substantially delayed. This study has clinical implications as it indicates that adjunct treatment with inhibitors of autophagy might increase the efficacy of apoptosis-inducing chemotherapeutics in human patients with cancer. ...

New protein implicated in autism

...had never met were placed together they interacted substantially less frequently than pairs of wild-type mice that had never met), hyperactivity, and decreased exploration of a new environment; all of which are characteristics of individuals with autism. Importantly, an abnormal form of CADPS2 mRNA (which is an in...

Quitting smoking reduces risk of lung cancer mortality by 70 percent

...sia-Pacific region confirms that cigarette smoking substantially increases the risk of dying from lung cancer in both Australia/New Zealand (ANZ) and Asia, and importantly highlights the continuing popularity of cigarette smoking across large parts of Asia, including China, where the harmful effects of smoking are...

FDA causes unnecessary scare about common painkillers

... the evidence that the risk of heart attack varies substantially among this group of drugs and that Voltaren has th...w the recommendations of its Advisory Committee to substantially restrict the drug's use. Instead, it required only a "vaguely worded" black box warning, said Furber...

Brown team finds crucial protein role in deadly prion spread

...that inhibits this fragmentation process, it could substantially slow the spread of prions, which cause mad cow disease and scrapie in animals and, in rare cases, Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease and kuru in humans. Because similar protein replication occurs in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, such a drug could a...

Drug treatment improves learning in mice with Down syndrome symptoms, Stanford/Packard study shows

...e-a-day, short-term treatment with a drug compound substantially improved learning and memory in mice with Down syndrome symptoms, say researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital. What’s more, the gains lasted for months after the treatment was discontinued. The...

Overfishing large sharks impacts entire marine ecosystem, shrinks shellfish supply

...ns include enhancing protection of great sharks by substantially reducing fishing pressure on all of these species and enforcing bans on shark finning both in national waters and on the high seas." "Maintaining the populations of top predators is critical for sustaining healthy oceanic ecosystems," says Peters...

Investment level in HIV prevention programs related to HIV incidence in the United States

...he funding of HIV prevention programs, HIV dropped substantially from 160,000 infections per year to about 40,000 infections per year. In the early 1990s, as the level of investment (adjusted for inflation) flattened out with little annual change, so too did the number of new infections per year. This suggested to...

What does the public really know about HPV?

...entions to vaccinate one's self or a daughter were substantially higher when the vaccine was available at little or no cost. For example, 54 percent of parents indicated that they were "very likely" or "somewhat likely" to want the vaccine for their daughter if it were provided at little or no cost, compared to 3...

New study suggests promising drug combinations for sleeping sickness

...as over twice that for melarsoprol-nifurtimox and substantially higher than that for melarsoprol-eflornithine. The rates of adverse events were also lower for patients treated with nifurtimox-eflornithine. These findings are encouraging and suggest that the nifurtimox-eflornithine combination has potential as...

MIT designs portable 'lab on a chip'

...illary electro-osmosis, the voltage can be lowered substantially with alternating current (AC) applied at closely spaced microelectrode arrays on the channel floor. Existing AC electro-osmotic pumps, however, are too slow for many applications, with velocities below 100 microns per second. In the new system, kn...

Study: Living coral reefs provide better protection from tsunami waves

...thy coral reefs provide their adjacent coasts with substantially more protection from destructive tsunami waves tha...faces, which provide friction that slows the waves substantially in comparison with smoother, unhealthy ones," said Oppenheimer, the Albert G. Milbank Professor of G...

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(Date:8/27/2014)... of seven hours ago the Happy Camp Complex of ... California, the July complex had consumed 35,530 as of ... fires on the Happy Camp Ranger District of the ... area on August 11, 2014. All but three of ... is a list of contained fires and their size ...
(Date:8/26/2014)... St. Louis have developed algorithms to identify weak spots ... breaking. The technology, which needs to be refined before ... pinpoint minor strains and tiny injuries in the body,s ... is available online Aug. 27 in the Journal ... at the nexus of the physical and life sciences. ...
(Date:8/26/2014)... recent years, increasing pressure from policymakers, consumers, and ... that go beyond reducing the pollutants they emit ... lakes. Today companies must also assess environmental performance ... mining of primary materials to the use and ... given rise to the discipline known as life ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Happy Camp and July Fire Complexes in California 2New technology may identify tiny strains in body tissues before injuries occur 2New technology may identify tiny strains in body tissues before injuries occur 3Yale journal explores advances in sustainable manufacturing 2
(Date:8/27/2014)... 27, 2014 With most forms ... sense to use hearing protection when exposed to ... are many different forms of hearing protection ... provide hearing protection training and devices for workers ... industries. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... time you experienced worrisome medical symptoms, did you ... professional? If so, you,re not alone. Consumers are ... support groups to gather anecdotal information and advice, ... trustworthy sources. New research to be presented at ... the characteristics of consumers who use the Internet ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new genetic discovery ... fight the bowel disorder, researchers report. The ... affect how their genes work, and said these changes ... raising the possibility of a simple diagnostic test for ... disease develops and suggest possible gene targets for new ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... An experimental drug designed to help regulate the blood,s iron ... of inflammation, according to results from the first human ... Blood , the Journal of the American ... occurs when red blood cells are in short supply or ... body does not get enough oxygen, since there are fewer ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... 8/27/14)Dartmouth cancer researchers developed and tested an advanced ... interactions that contribute to disease as published yesterday ... The approach fills a gap in current analyses. ... interactions among genetic and environmental factors. When many ... versus those that reflect chance combinations among affected ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Hearing Health Solutions Now Offering a Full Line of Occupation Hearing Protection Services and Expanded Line of Ear Protection Products 2Health News:Hearing Health Solutions Now Offering a Full Line of Occupation Hearing Protection Services and Expanded Line of Ear Protection Products 3Health News:Educated consumers more likely to use potentially unreliable online healthcare information 2Health News:Scientists Spot Genetic Clues to Crohn's Disease 2Health News:Drug represents first potential treatment for common anemia 2Health News:Dartmouth isolates environmental influences in genome-wide association studies 2
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