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Study shows lizard moms dress their children for success

...ds in with the background. Aggressive orange males spend a lot of time in the open and need stripes to help them escape from predators (the optical effect of stripes on fast-moving prey makes them hard to catch). But the genes that control behavior and back pattern are not linked, so a lizard could end...

Lessons from the orangutans: Upright walking may have begun in the trees

... wild orangutans in Sumatra, Indonesia. Orangutans spend almost their whole lives in trees, making them useful models for how our ancestors moved around several million years ago. To collect the data, Thorpe spent a year living in the Sumatran rainforest and recording virtually every move the orangutans...

A cherry on top: Tart cherries may alter heart/diabetes factors

...The study will enroll healthy individuals who will spend a night at the U-M General Clinical Research Center, and have their blood tested multiple times to look for the breakdown products of cherries. ...

Novel system developed to turn data into real-time, interactive 3-D images

...in a fraction of the time that physicians must now spend using current image viewing technologies," Clements says. The technology can be applied to any large 3- or 4-D data set but is most readily applicable to medical images. For instance, CT scans generate large 3- and 4-D data sets. The new technol...

Study shows continued success for new HPV vaccine against virus responsible for cervical cancer

... the US, and about seven percent are abnormal. We spend about 3 billion dollars each year to find and treat these pre-cancerous stages caused by some type of HPV." To date there is no vaccine specifically designed to treat disease that is already established. Dr. Ault explains the current HPV vaccine ...

Imaging pinpoints brain regions that 'see the future'

...brain regions. "In our daily lives, we probably spend more time envisioning what we're going to do tomorrow or later on in the day than we do remembering, but not much is known about how we go about forming these mental images of the future," says Karl Szpunar, lead author of the study and a psychology...

'Guardian of the genome' protein found to underlie skin tanning

... sunlight, it may also underlie people's desire to spend time in the sun. The same process that causes POMC to produce alpha-MSH also leads to the production of b-endorphin, a protein that binds to the body's opiate receptors and may be associated with feelings of pleasure. "Even as p53 is causing skin ...

Tracking sperm whales and jumbo squid

...id (Dosidicus gigas) are both major predators that spend much of their lives in one of the world’s largest ...iving pattern at night. Instead, they continued to spend about three-fourths of their time at depths of 600 to 1,300 feet, according to nocturnal tagging dat...

New species of snapper discovered in Brazil

...at and deeper areas as adults. "Several species spend some of their lives in these different yet connected habitats," Lindeman said. "That's why it's so important to develop integrated conservation strategies that include mangroves, deep reefs and other interdependent ecosystems." ...

Researcher to study astronaut bone loss for space biology agency

... of the skeleton be maintained." Astronauts who spend weeks or months in the weightless environment of space –?a state called skeletal unloading –?lose bone because, in the absence of gravity, they lose the ability to make enough new bone cells to replace old cells that die in the normal course of bone ...

20-year study shows significant rise in childhood obesity, especially among girls

...ldren in other countries such as the USA. But they spend more time in front of televisions and computers and tend to do less physical education at school than before" says Dr Holmback, who is also a visiting research fellow at the University of Chicago, USA. "As societies become more technological, var...

Failure to meet United Nations sanitation target could affect millions of the world's poorest

...n also can reduce the time that women and children spend fetching clean water, giving them more time to attend school or engage in other productive activities, she noted. Myanmar example At the national level, economic development strategies, such as attracting foreign investment and tourism, often...

Proteins important in Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease travel in the slow lane

...nse when you think about it ?why would the neurons spend so much energy transporting proteins separately when they’re going to the same place anyway, like car pooling" speculates Roy. "Our study reveals novel aspects of axonal transport of an important class of proteins, namely the slow component-b pro...

Growth hormone is not the anti-aging bullet for healthy adults

...reaking into too much of a sweat, and you wouldn't spend $1,000 to $2,000 a month on something that appears to have modest or minimal benefit and the probability of bad side effects," said Liu. ...

Anti-herpes treatment reduces HIV levels in women infected with both viruses

...inst the disease. The UK Government has pledged to spend £1.5 billion tackling HIV/AIDS in developing countries between 2005 and 2008. We will follow the next stages of this research with interest." ...

Turtles are loyal in feeding as well as in breeding

... the behaviour of adult turtles at sea, where they spend the majority of their life cycle.' Scientists have long known that marine turtles return to the same breeding sites each year, but did not know until now that they also revisited foraging sites. Dr Broderick and her team tracked twenty green and l...

Fish can determine their social rank by observation alone, study finds

...icates bystander 'preference,' and that bystanders spend more time near the rival they perceive to be weaker," the authors explained. Losers and winners The results were dramatic. Virtually all of the bystanders swam to the weaker rival first and stayed near him for a significantly longer period of...

US conservation efforts bring more marine turtles to UK

...hern European waters hatch in the Americas and can spend nearly four years travelling thousands of miles to British waters. Scientists do not know why some juvenile turtles make the journey to Northern Europe, but believe they may simply be driven by the North Atlantic current system. The eggs of Kemp’s...

Cholera pathogen reveals how bacteria generate energy to live

... organism when it is in the body, yet the bacteria spend most of their lives outside their hosts. Study of the rest of the life cycle could be important in disease prevention. "We have to know the enemy," Barquera said. As it stands, "We are trying to kill our enemies with very little knowledge." ...

Virginia Tech's System X supercomputer provides super tool for simulation of cell division

...ameters. "With a tool like this scientists can spend more time working on the model and less time twiddling parameters," said Tyson. The research is due to appear in 2007 in the Journal of Global Optimization, in the article "Deterministic Parallel Global Parameter Estimation for a Model of the Budd...

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