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Tag: "speeding" at biology news

Inexpensive, mass-produced genes core of synthetic biology advances at UH

...in the UK, too. It'll open tons ofresearch avenue, speeding the slow (and tedious) process of genecloning, or gene modification (mutations, deletions, etc). Devices the size of a pager now have greater capabilities thancomputers that once occupied an entire room. Similar advances are beingmade in the emerging...

Use of PET can reduce, may eliminate more strenuous drug development trials with animals

...ion time for therapeutic pharmaceuticals, possibly speeding the way for innovative drugs to patients, said Welch. Since there is no public registry of animal researchers, Welch estimates that there may be as many as 12,000 academic and private animal imaging labs in the world and that more than 200 may do sma...

Product improves peptide identification for proteomics research

...a better understanding of diseases like cancer and speeding drug development efforts. The Agilent 1100 Series LC/MSD Trap XCT Ultra offers significantly improved scan cycle times, enabling collection of mass spectra at rates up to three times faster than its predecessors. "The combination of the new LC/MSD T...

Genomic sequences processed in minutes, rather than weeks

... Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is speeding up our understanding of the machinery of life -- bringing us one step closer to curing diseases, finding safer ways to clean the environment and protecting the country against biological threats. ScalaBLAST is a sophisticated "sequence alignment too...

Multi-species genome comparison sheds new light on evolutionary processes, cancer mutations

...ion of mammals into more distinct breeding groups, speeding the development of species-specific chromosomes. "This study has revealed many hidden secrets on the nature and timing of genome evolution in mammals, and it demonstrates how the study of basic evolutionary processes can lead to new insights into th...

NHGRI expands effort to revolutionize sequencing technologies

...search and health care. "The efforts are aimed at speeding the rate at which the next generation of sequencing technologies become available in the scientific lab and the medical clinic," said NHGRI Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D. "Not only will these technologies substantially reduce the cost of se...

Fruit fly research set to revolutionize study of birth defects

... a month using readily available scientific tools, speeding up study times while keeping costs low. "It also adds to the growing list of roles fruit flies can take," says Walker. Fruit flies are already used as models for aging, neural disease and cancer. ...

A resetting signal keeps circadian rhythm on track in Drosophila fruit flies

...he Brandeis researchers came to this conclusion by speeding up only the morning cell clock or only the evening cell clock. The results showed clearly that these two clocks always remained coupled in a network that was governed by the morning cell signal. "We think it very likely that something similar is ...

Treating populations infected with HIV and latent TB could speed the emergence of drug-resistant TB

...th HIV and TB may also have the perverse effect of speeding the emergence of drug-resistant TB. "We're not saying isoniazid preventive therapy policies are ill-advised," said Cohen. "But we think they need to be coupled with an understanding that large-scale IPT programs should be ready to diagnose and trea...

'Genetic network' guards against lethal DNA damage

...map the 25 million pair-wise combinations, greatly speeding the work. The dSLAM strategy is somewhat like pulling out parts of a radio at random to see what happens, Boeke said. "With yeast, as with a radio, you might rip out part A or part B and find that the radio still works; but if you pull out both par...

Scientists force viruses to evolve as better delivery vehicles for gene therapy

...ells it is ordinarily not good at getting into, or speeding its transport through the body," he said. Though Schaffer acknowledges that the technique could be used to help pathogenic viruses evade the human immune system, potentially making them more virulent, he said that other and easier techniques already...

Imaging study links key genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease to myelin breakdown

...ontent allows myelin to wrap tightly around axons, speeding messages through the brain by insulating these neural "wire" connections. As the brain continues to develop in adulthood and as myelin is produced in greater and greater quantities, cholesterol levels in the brain increase and eventually promote the...

Researches discover gene critical for protection against septic-shock-induced death

... first line of defense. "Sepsis syndrome is like a speeding car with a brake failure. Nrf2 may function like a brake that regulates the speed," said Biswal, senior author of the study and assistant professor in the Bloomberg School's Department of Environmental Health Sciences. Biswal speculates that suboptim...

Parkinson's disease mechanism discovered

...for discovering new therapeutic strategies and for speeding the process of discovering treatments for these disorders." Current treatments for Parkinson's disease do not aim at protecting the dopamine-producing neurons themselves. Rather, the treatments seek to restore dopamine levels in the brain or to trea...

Scientists discover that ancient genes dictate flowering, fall bud set

...anding adaptation to climate change, as well as to speeding tree breeding. ...

New biochip helps study living cells, may speed drug development

...hers to generate more data in a shorter time, thus speeding up the whole process of evaluating potential drugs and their different effects on ion channels. Ion channels are particularly important in muscle and nerve cells, where they facilitate communication and the transfer of electrical signals from one...

Researchers urge monitoring of bone health during chemotherapy

...cal use of G-CSF has recently increased because by speeding blood cell regrowth it allows patients to undergo more intensive chemotherapy regimens in which anticancer agents are given at more frequent intervals. Studies have suggested these dose-dense therapies could prolong survival in women with breast canc...

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