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Tag: "speech" at biology news

Bird Brains Show How Trial and Error May Contribute to Learning

...sticated motor skills, such as singing in birds or speech and sports in humans. "It means this part of the brain is important for instructing or allowing changes in the song," said Mimi Kao, first author of a paper in the February 10, 2005, issue of the journal Nature that demonstrates how the region modul...

Love's all in the brain: fMRI study shows strong, lateralized reward, not sex, drive

...alization," Brown reported. "It is well known that speech is largely a left-sided cortical function. But our data indicate that lateralization also occurs in lower parts of the brain. Moreover, different kinds of rewards (in this case, the "rush" of romantic love, compared with the pleasing experience of lo...

Insects, viruses could hold key for better human teamwork in disasters

... U. of I., include Noshir Contractor, professor of speech communication and of psychology; Indranil Gupta, p...omputer science; Andrea Hollingshead, professor of speech communication and of psychology; and Gene Robinson, professor of entomology and of neuroscience. Stu...

Penn Researchers Use Robotic Surgery

...s a frequent course of treatment, often leading to speech and swallowing dysfunction and external scarring. ...t or splitting the jaw in half. This can result in speech and swallowing deficits for patients. "The research we've done to date suggests that TORS has great ...

Two new retroviruses—transmitted from animals—identified

...s a frequent course of treatment, often leading to speech and swallowing dysfunction and external scarring. ...t or splitting the jaw in half. This can result in speech and swallowing deficits for patients. "The research we've done to date suggests that TORS has great ...

Compound from Chinese medicine shows promise in head and neck cancer

...helping patients preserve vital organs involved in speech and swallowing. While new treatments in head and neck cancer have allowed some patients to undergo chemotherapy and radiation therapy instead of surgery, this form of cancer is often resistant to chemotherapy. When the cancer does not respond to the...

What Makes The Brain Tick, Tick, Tick: Researchers Gaining New Insights Into Brain's Internal Clock

...is crucial for such functions as motor control and speech generation and recognition. Meck is a professor and Buhusi is an assistant research professor in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences. Interval timing is central to broader coordination of tasks such as walking, manipulating objects, c...

New research puts a fresh spin on current thinking of speech evolution in humans

...cGill University, challenges current thinking that speech developed as a result of new structures that evolv... area - the region in the human brain critical for speech production. This discovery is important as it suggests that this area of the brain evolved originall...

Dalai Lama, top scientists to discuss science & clinical applications of meditation

...il, press@savetibet.org . For information on his speech to the Society for Neuroscience please contact Joe Carey in the media office at (202) 462-6688 or via email, joe@sfn.org . ...

What can change in the brain? Electrical synapses, research shows

...here it is transformed into memories and emotions, speech and movement. The thalamic reticular nucleus' role as a sort of switch, starting or stopping the flow of sensory stimuli to the cortex, may implicate it as a major player in the regulation of sleep and wakefulness, the researchers said. The pairs' ...

Sooner is better with cochlear implants, Stanford scientist shows

...ead lips. In other words, did their brains process speech the same way as people who are born with the abili...r implants fuse the visual and auditory aspects of speech - just like people with normal hearing. But the effect was only seen in children who received their ...

Carnegie Mellon scientists show brain uses optimal code for sound

...le range of nature sounds, including components of speech such as vowels and consonants, and natural environment sounds like footsteps in a forest or a flowing stream," said Michael Lewicki, associate professor of computer science at Carnegie Mellon and a member of the Center for the Neural Basis of Cogniti...

'Uniquely human' component of language found in gregarious birds

...ly collaborated on studies of the role of sleep in speech perceptual learning. Gentner, a neuropsychologist, expert on starlings and, at the time, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Chicago, was an essential addition. To assess the birds' syntactical skills, the research team exploited the divers...

Environmental metagenomics diagnosing extreme environments, tapping opportunities for clean energy

In his recent State of the Union speech President Bush said technology is the best way to break the nation's addiction to oil. The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) is directing the technology of DNA sequencing to scan the environment for processes that will lead t...

Born with a love of speech

Do human newborns develop their preference for speech through in-utero eavesdropping, or is their penchant for speech innate? It's a bedevilling question to test, but one that's central to understanding the origins and...

Less is more, gene study shows

...the sizes of their brains and their capacities for speech and language, for example. Scientists would like to know how and when such differences arose, and new research from the University of Michigan shows how one process---gene loss---may have figured in. The work, by a group led by associate professor...

UC Riverside psychologist explores human perception, finds 'wow factor'

...er test subjects show that they can "read" unheard speech -- not just from lips, but from the simple movemen...Rosenblum said of his work in audio speech, visual speech and face recognition.Test subjects routinely glean more information than they expect from faces."We ...

Zebra finches remember songs dad sang

...hing similar may underlie the acquisition of human speech by infants and, thus, be part of the mechanism that allows kids to learn any human language if they start early enough," Vicario says. "These findings are exciting," Kuhl says of the research reported in the paper. "They provide neurobiological evi...

Anti-inflammatory drug's potentially deadly side effect found to be rare

...ymptoms include vision loss, mental deterioration, speech disturbances, loss of coordination and, in advanced phases, paralysis and coma. "It leaves the brain short-circuited," Clifford says. "It's a very bad disease that normally progresses to death within a few months unless we can reverse the immune sup...

With cochlear implants, earlier use leads to better speech

...aring nine months earlier. That's the most complex speech the child uttered during a testing session that in...had cochlear implants very early often have normal speech and can potentially enter kindergarten with their hearing peers. "Kids with residual hearing can g...

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