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Tag: "soybean" at biology news

Affymetrix Unveils Plans to Double Plant and Animal Genome Microarray Offering

...al profiling ofPhytophthora sojae infection of the soybean plantThe Affymetrix GeneChip Consortia Program is a collaborative initiativethat enables the plant and animal research communities to consolidatetheir sequence data on the Affymetrix industry-standard GeneChip brandplatform. In 2004 Affymetrix worked...

South America's vast pantanal wetland may become next everglades, UNU experts warn

...ry ?large-scale cattle ranching and plantations of soybean and sugarcane ?all fostering population growth. "The resultant pollution of water and soil from farm chemicals, as well as increasing industrial pollution from urban centres, has become a problem." The analysis says "the activities of these new sta...

NSAID drug protects against intestinal tumors in mice, despite poor diet and gene losses

...d with their regular chow (which was enriched with soybean oil) did not. And p27 knock-out mice given a Western diet, full of fat and lacking calcium and vitamin D, formed the most number of tumors. The researchers then looked at the role that diet plays when expression of two tumor suppressor genes is redu...

Nature provides inspiration for important new adhesive

...y can also provide another market for the nation's soybean farmers - the new adhesives use a tremendous amount of soy flour. ...

Researchers find gene that may be at root of potato blight

...ns. Related Phytophthora species cause root rot in soybean plants as well as sudden oak death, which is devastating stands of oak trees along California 's coast and is present in at least three other states. Kamoun conducted the multidisciplinary study with lead author Miles Armstrong and other researchers...

Amazon symposium to address large-scale conservation

...ustries driving deforestation (cattle ranching and soybean farming) are strengthened by expanding world markets for open-range beef and grain. The paving of highways into the heart of the region will facilitate the export of Amazon products to world markets as it creates new corridors for explosive frontier ...

Organic farms produce same yields as conventional farms

...tems. "First and foremost, we found that corn and soybean yields were the same across the three systems," said Pimentel, who noted that although organic corn yields were about one-third lower during the first four years of the study, over time the organic systems produced higher yields, especially under dro...

Ethanol and biodiesel from crops not worth the energy

...od biomass as well as for producing biodiesel from soybean and sunflower plants. Their report is published in... for biodiesel production, the study found that: # soybean plants requires 27 percent more fossil energy than the fuel produced, and # sunflower plants require...

Using the genomic shortcut to predict bacterial behavior

...od biomass as well as for producing biodiesel from soybean and sunflower plants. Their report is published in... for biodiesel production, the study found that: # soybean plants requires 27 percent more fossil energy than the fuel produced, and # sunflower plants require...

Techniques available to detect soil that inhibits destructive soybean pest

...of the pests. Westphal, whose research focuses on soybean cyst nematodes and ways to thwart them, said that ... for identifying soil that specifically suppresses soybean cyst nematodes. He also discusses how to use nematode-suppressive soils to battle the root-dwelling ...

GM crop that holds on to its seeds offers higher yields

...hat disperse their seeds in a similar way, such as soybean and peas. Indian mustard can tolerate heat and drought. Because of this, Australian crop breeders are crossing it with its close relative Brassica napus (canola or oilseed rape) ?which produces a better quality oil ?to create new varieties. Østerga...

Plants, too, have ways to manage freeloaders

...ots to initiate nodulation. This could explain why soybean and other legume crops in fields inoculated with the supposedly most efficient strain of nitrogen-fixing bacteria do not always take up that strain - an expensive problem for farmers. "The most effective strain is not always best at competing for no...

New maps reveal true extent of human footprint on Earth

...crop of Latin America. Scientists say the surge in soybean production there has a lot to do with the booming ...d - in China. Meanwhile, Monfreda notes, long-time soybean farmers in the U.S. - the world's top soybean producer - are growing increasingly insecure about the...

CU, USDA team to curb two invasive, poisonous vines

...re growing with increasing vigor in some maize and soybean fields and are altering forest regeneration patterns. Native populations of pale swallow-wort ( Vincetoxicum rossicum ) in Ukraine and black swallow-wort ( V. nigrum ) in southwestern Europe are kept in check, though, by native natural enemies. Natu...

The Amazon in 2050: Implementing the law could save a million square kilometers of rainforest

...ne the trajectory of logging, cattle ranching, and soybean farming are linked with ecological models of forests and climate models to develop integrated simulations of the region's future. Britaldo Soares-Filho is a geographer and modeler. He has studied Amazon land-use patterns for the last 12 years, dev...

Virginia Bioinformatics Institutes launches microbial database

...r pathogen of P. ramorum, causes serious damage to soybean crops. Tyler and collaborators, in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI), successfully completed the genome sequences of the pathogens in 2004. The database can be accessed by visiting http://phytophthora...

Food-crop yields in future greenhouse-gas conditions lower than expected

...sts provided projections for maize, rice, sorghum, soybean and wheat ?the world's most important crops in ter...ulls, New Zealand; rice at Shizukuishi, Japan; and soybean and corn crops at Illinois. In three key production measures, involving four crops, the authors wrot...

Finding a better way to make biodiesel

...hat can be filled with a catalyst that reacts with soybean oil to create biodiesel. The particles can also be...oaded with chemical gatekeepers that encourage the soybean oil to enter the channels where chemical reactions take place. The results include faster conversion...

Unique soybean lines hold promise for producing allergy-free soybeans

Researchers have isolated two Chinese soybean lines that grow without the primary protein linked...ence Center in St. Louis screened more than 16,000 soybean lines kept in the USDA's National Soybean Germplasm Collection. The findings will appear later this ...

Genome info from 'plant destroyers' could save trees, beans and chocolate

...ees have been lost to the disease. In addition to soybean and oak, Phytophthora species cause disease in avocado, coconut, papaya, pineapple, potato, strawberry and watermelon, to name a few. The pathogen also destroys an estimated 450,000 tons of cocoa beans with a resulting $400 million loss in chocolate ...

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