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Tag: "smallpox" at biology news

Innovative smallpox vaccine research study to be conducted at Case Medical Center

...to determine the safety and effectiveness of a new smallpox vaccine geared toward adults ages 18 to 34 who hav...nfected person. There is no specific treatment for smallpox disease, and the only prevention is vaccination. The World Health Organization declared the disease ...

Genetic factors are linked to fever following smallpox vaccination

...etic factors and certain adverse events related to smallpox vaccination. The study, published in the July 15t...ccesses of modern medicine, and the eradication of smallpox from the world is considered by some to be the crowning event of the 20th century. However, immuniza...

Smallpox outbreak: How long would it take for vaccines to protect people? Would it work?

In the event of a smallpox outbreak in the United States, how long would it t...this question. General routine vaccinations for smallpox were stopped in the United States in 1971, and the world was declared free of smallpox in 1980. But ...

Herpes infection may be symbiotic, help beat back some bacteria

...tion to eliminate the deadly and highly contagious smallpox virus. Vaccines are currently in use or in clinical trials for several disease-causing strains of herpes. Human herpes viruses include oral and genital herpes, the chickenpox virus, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus and Kaposi's sarcoma-associat...

Tiny Tampa Bay fish key to evolution of immune system

...ccine against a specific pathogen such as anthrax, smallpox or bird flu, we have to take into account the defensive measures those and other organisms might have." Organisms such as plants, fungi and primitive animal life are classified as having an innate immune system, which defends against invaders by rec...

Mass vaccination unnecessary in the event of a large bioterrorist US smallpox attack

...uld not be necessary in the event of a large-scale smallpox bioterrorist attack in the United States, accordin...uickly, within a day or two of detecting the first smallpox case, would contain a large attack if up to 500 people were infected," said Longini, a member of the...

Encoded metallic nanowires reveal bioweapons

...s model substances to stand in for anthrax spores, smallpox virus, and protein toxins such as ricin and botuli...ntibody would be attached to stripe pattern 1, the smallpox antibodies to stripe pattern 2, and the toxin antibodies to stripe pattern 3, for example. If the co...

A new tool against brain disease

... with vaccinia virus, a live virus vaccine against smallpox that is effectively cleared by the immune system. According to Walker, those findings indicate that activation of the PD-1 pathway occurs during the immune system's general response to viral infection. In test tube studies, the researchers show...

How HIV 'exhausts' killer T cells

... with vaccinia virus, a live virus vaccine against smallpox that is effectively cleared by the immune system. According to Walker, those findings indicate that activation of the PD-1 pathway occurs during the immune system's general response to viral infection. In test tube studies, the researchers show...

UCLA paper examines how one disease may prevent another

...le, the discovery that cowpox vaccines can prevent smallpox dates back to 1798. Dr. E. Richard Stiehm, a professor of pediatrics at the Mattel Children's Hospital at UCLA, researched examples throughout medical history of ways that one disease prevents another. His findings suggest that genetic, infectious ...

Protein finding could lead to treatment for inflammatory diseases

...virus that produces MC160 is a distant relative of smallpox and causes a benign, short-lived skin infection in children and sexually active young adults. It is a common disease, with antibodies detected in up to 50 percent of populations tested in numerous studies. The lesions resemble chickenpox (a disease ...

Defective immune system response to smallpox vaccine detailed in new study

...risk of developing serious complications following smallpox vaccination. Led by Donald Y.M. Leung, M.D., Ph.D....e live virus that is the key component in standard smallpox vaccine. The investigators are part of NIAID's Atopic Dermatitis and Vaccinia Network, which was c...

Mice studies illustrate potential of chimp/human antibodies to protect against smallpox

...the serious complications that can occur following smallpox vaccination--and possibly may even protect against... program officially eradicated naturally occurring smallpox disease in 1980. However, concerns of a bioterror attack involving the highly contagious and fatal v...

Serious adverse reactions to smallpox vaccine appear to be limited

... rate of life-threatening adverse reactions to the smallpox vaccine administered to potential first responders...e of JAMA. Routine childhood immunization against smallpox in the United States ceased in 1971, according to background information in the article. Although th...

The bioweapon is in the post

...difficult for a terrorist to obtain genes from the smallpox virus, or a similarly vicious pathogen. Well, it's...tempt to order all the genes necessary to launch a smallpox attack would probably arouse suspicion. "That would stand out from a technological point ofview," su...

New vaccine platform may fight infections with causes from influenza to bioterrorism

...fections as well, such as those caused by the flu, smallpox or exposure to anthrax, even in patients who have the highest risk for infection. Reporting in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Jay K. Kolls, MD, division chief of Pediatric Pulmonology, Laboratory of Lung Immunology and Host Defense at Childr...

UF scientist finds unexpected link between cat and human AIDS viruses

...s against viruses from the same subfamily, such as smallpox in humans, which is made from cowpox virus, and human measles vaccines for canine distemper in puppies. "Therefore, protective vaccines based on cross-reactive regions of AIDS viruses can provide broad immunity, and may be useful against viruses tha...

Researchers develop new testing methods for potential monkeypox or smallpox outbreak

...ostic methods to better detect future monkeypox or smallpox outbreaks. The research also sheds new light on th...rst monkeypox cases. If the 2003 outbreak had been smallpox instead of monkeypox, the situation could have been much worse because secondary spread of the virus...

LIAI scientists make major finding on potential smallpox treatment

...rch could lead to treatment that would help stop a smallpox outbreak Researchers at the La Jolla Institute fo...or advancement toward protecting society against a smallpox outbreak by identifying an antibody in humans that quickly fights the smallpox virus. "This is a ...

Field of beams - Novel system uses polarized light pulses to reveal crop health

...ched Rohani to assist in the modeling of potential smallpox introduction. "I noticed that when we assumed different distributions of the infectious period in the models, we observed very different epidemic curves," said the researcher. Conversations with Wearing and Keeling followed, alternative models were c...

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