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Tag: "seizures" at biology news

Research on Worms Yields Clues on Aging

...odelorganisms to investigate how the drugs inhibit seizures in epilepticpatients, a mechanism that currently is not well understood. Suchresearch could lead to more effective treatments for epilepsy....

Gene variations explain drug dose required to control seizures

...ity of life for patients," he added. Epilepsy and seizures affect 2.5 million Americans of all ages, with app...at the higher end, it can take months to get their seizures under control. This study uncovers factors that might determine, in advance, which patients will nee...

Buying Time Through Hibernation on Demand

...h such a fever they run the risk of brain-damaging seizures during the crucial time it takes to diagnose the bacterial or viral cause and administer the proper antibiotic. "Here's a patient group, quite commonly found in emergency rooms around the country, who would do well if they could just have their core...

U-M team recovers ancient whale in Egyptian desert

...h such a fever they run the risk of brain-damaging seizures during the crucial time it takes to diagnose the bacterial or viral cause and administer the proper antibiotic. "Here's a patient group, quite commonly found in emergency rooms around the country, who would do well if they could just have their core...

Too much water may be as dangerous as too little during long-distance athletic events

...hysical symptoms such as lethargy, disorientation, seizures and even respiratory distress. In a perspectives article in the current issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Benjamin Levine, professor of internal medicine at UT Southwestern, said competitive runners are less likely to suffer from hyp...

Bush, Cheney and Rumsfeld are now species of slime-mold beetles -- but strictly in homage

...hysical symptoms such as lethargy, disorientation, seizures and even respiratory distress. In a perspectives article in the current issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Benjamin Levine, professor of internal medicine at UT Southwestern, said competitive runners are less likely to suffer from hyp...

New design : complete

...hysical symptoms such as lethargy, disorientation, seizures and even respiratory distress. In a perspectives article in the current issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Benjamin Levine, professor of internal medicine at UT Southwestern, said competitive runners are less likely to suffer from hyp...

Molecular cabal contributes to stroke damage

...dded, since such NMDARs and ASIC1a are involved in seizures and pain sensation, "a similar coupling between these two channels is likely to occur in these diseases as well." ...

Penn study finds direct role for glial cells in brain cross-talk

...mechanisms of wake-sleep transitions and epileptic seizures Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have demonstrated that star-shaped glial cells in the brain called astrocytes are directly involved in regulating communication between neurons. A central finding of the study is that ...

Study ties 'new' cell-death mechanism to developmental and degenerative brain disorders

... childhood-onset type, with mental retardation and seizures in some individuals. With mental retardation as one of the consequences, the KCNC3 potassium channel mutations are linked to neurodevelopmental as well as neurodegenerative disorders. Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) include a number of hereditary neur...

Molecular mechanism may explain how fevers spark seizures

...to new approaches for preventing recurrent febrile seizures in vulnerable children. Febrile seizures affect as many as one in 15 children worldwide, generally between the ages of 6 months and 6 years. ...

Septum keeps neurons in synch, can reduce epileptic seizures by 90 percent

The brain's septum helps prevent epileptic seizures by inducing rhythmical electrical activity in the ...ically epileptic rats, they could reduce epileptic seizures by 86-97 percent. The study "Septo-hippocampal networks in chronically epileptic rats: Potential an...

Researchers link two more genes to sudden infant death syndrome

...deaths, unexplained fainting episodes, unexplained seizures that might provide clues and prevent more deaths." Other researchers involved in the CAV3 study were from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Baylor College of Medicine, Houston. Researchers involved in the RyR2 study were from Columbia Universi...

New understanding of parasite cell structures may provide treatments for serious tropical diseases

...nusual facial characteristics, mental retardation, seizures and an inability to suck and/or swallow. Jaundice and gastrointestinal bleeding may also occur." The new research will open areas for further investigation. "Before this work in trypanosomes, there was no evidence that we could 'catch' peroxisome p...

New neurons could act to alleviate epilepsy

...g on a wheel with those in rats in which epileptic seizures were induced by electrical brain stimulation. Spec...ructure is known to be a "gate" for propagation of seizures in the hippocampus, a center for learning and memory. The scientists?analysis showed that the new...

How brain injury leads to seizures, memory problems

...in turn, is thought to be an underlying reason for seizures and memory defects experienced by people who have ...aid Dr. Cohen, "neurons become more excitable, and seizures can occur." In addition to its role in inhibiting seizures, the dentate gyrus is also believed t...

Gene therapy inhibits epilepsy in animals

... significantly reduce the development of epileptic seizures in rats. "We have shown that there is a window t...ippocampus, an area that is critical to generating seizures in temporal lobe epilepsy, the most common type of epilepsy in children and adults. GABA(A) recept...

Decoy pill saves brain cells

...e mice with kainic acid, a chemical known to cause seizures and neuron death. While seizures still occurred, as in control mice, no brain lesions were observed in the subjects. "We eliminate...

Anti-dandruff compound may help fight epilepsy

...ations known in humans to cause mild epilepsy-like seizures in infants. Bathing cells with small amounts of ZnPy caused the mutant potassium channels to let three times as much potassium flow through, raising the possibility of restoring normal nerve cell activity. “Most drug discoveries uncover chemicals...

How brain pacemakers erase diseased messages

...used to treat diseases, such as epilepsy, in which seizures occur only sporadically, as well as conditions, such as depression, in which symptoms can vary widely from day to day. "In the case of tremor, physicians can alter the setting until they see the symptoms stop," Grill said. "You don't have to know ...

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