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Tag: "screening" at biology news

Genomic Analysis Uncovers New Targets for HIV Vaccine

...ected patients and using the latest in genome-wide screening technology, 18 months to discover the three genes, that together greatly increase our knowledge of why patients differ in how well they can control the virus that causes AIDS. These findings represent only the first of what investigators said will b...

CSIRO scientists join fight to save 'Tassie devil'

...er,” Dr Church said. “Such a test would enable the screening of captured animals prior to their release into the wild or placement into isolated breeding populations.” Dr Church and his team will look to extend their work using the Australian synchrotron infrared beam line when it comes on-line later this year...

Risk of lymphoma increases with hepatitis C virus infection

...ing lymphomas is small, our research suggests that screening of HCV-infected individuals could identify conditi...e or blood transfusions received before 1990, when screening for hepatitis C virus was started. ...

Fat screen delivers plant-derived chemical with antidiabetic effects

After screening hundreds of compounds for their effects on fat development, researchers have discovered that an ingredient found in some plants fights diabetes in mice without some of the side effects attributed to other antidiabetes drugs. The chemical they pinpoin...

WHO data confirms low level of resistance to Tamiflu

...inidase Inhibitor Susceptibility Network undertook screening for susceptibility to oseltamivir of influenza viruses randomly submitted to the national WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza and other Respiratory Diseases in Tokyo, Japan. Influenza virus isolates collected were tested...

Scientists seek useful traits in wild cottons

...when you compare them to today's varieties. We are screening obsolete and wild cottons for useful traits such a...iate Jimmy Mabry and others conduct the greenhouse screening to make the database a reality. Mabry grows cotton plants in PVC tubes, measuring the chara...

No magic tomato? Study breaks link between lycopene and prostate cancer prevention

...National Cancer Institute trial to evaluate cancer screening methods and to investigate early markers of cancer. "It is disappointing, since lycopene might have offered a simple and inexpensive way to lower prostate cancer risk for men concerned about this common disease," said Ulrike Peters, Ph.D., M.P.H...

It's never too late to get it back! Aging interrupted

...They are using this knowledge to establish a novel screening technique to find drugs which mimic this longevity...ealth. Dr. Spindler and his colleagues used their screening method to search for drugs which cause pre-cancerous and cancerous cells to commit suicide and to re...

Researchers identify ovarian cancer biomarkers

...are also seen in other cancer types as a potential screening tool. A new way of detecting ovarian cancer could ... no symptoms early in the disease and no effective screening tests. Early diagnosis is crucial, marking the difference between a 95 percent survival rate for can...

Bacterial walls come tumbling down

... the structure of this enzyme should also speed up screening and design of new antibiotics, which are in constant demand as microbes continually evolve new ways to evade the drugs that researchers design to thwart them. The time it takes for bacteria to develop resistance to new antibiotics has been as short a...

Misusing vitamin to foil drug test may be toxic; plus, it doesn't work

...s of a common vitamin in an attempt to defeat drug screening tests may send the user to the hospital—or worse. ...ception that niacin can be used to pass urine drug screening tests, Dr. Mittal said. "We hope that our study will alert emergency medicine physicians and other h...

Soft-cell approach cuts animal tests

...lue of research and play a significant role in the screening of toxic chemicals and the replacement of animals," Dr Hayes says. This research earned Hayes and her colleagues the 2006 Australian Museum Voiceless Eureka Prize for Research. This prize rewards scientists for work that has reduced the use of an...

Gene elevating breast cancer risk also causes prostate cancer

...rmaceutical targets. It could also lead to genetic screening that identifies individuals at increased breast ca...eritable breast cancer susceptibility candidate by screening for disease-related alterations. The results of this international research effort were recently pub...

Anxiety disorders surprisingly common yet often untreated

...der. The study outlines the effectiveness of a new screening tool which can alert busy primary care physicians ...e. The GAD-7, a seven-question, self-administered screening tool, identifies patients with undiagnosed generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, post trauma...

Technology reveals 'lock and key' proteins behind diseases

... proteins that fit with the transporters, the only screening system sophisticated enough to work with delicate membrane proteins. Simply, if two proteins interact in iMYTH, they will stain the yeast cell blue. "Like lock and key, if two proteins interact with one another, it is safe to assume they participate ...

Rapid, Low-Cost DNA Testing

... of DNA. he technology is a novel fluorescent DNA screening assay, which rapidly determines whether specific D...quick. The most widespread and common method of screening DNA is called gel electrophoresis. Each test takes 1 hour and can cost as much as $1.00. Setting up ...

Mailman School of Public Health researchers report blood DNA can be early predictor of liver cancer

...vanced and usually fatal stage, the development of screening methods for early detection is critical. HCC is o...studied the blood of patients enrolled in a cancer screening program in Taiwan, who provided repeated blood samples prior to diagnosis. A total of 12,000 males ...

Elucidation of the genome for diabetics with DNA chips

...d by Beverly Balkau. The key results of this first screening were then confirmed in more than 5500 French diabetic patients treated at Corbeil-Essonnes Hospital (Guillaume Charpentier) and Poitiers University Hospital (Samy Hadjadj) and in additional control subjects. These results demonstrate very strong asso...

Selective marker found to indicate aggressive form of breast cancer

...elapse. It is more commonly detected during normal screening mammogram intervals than other screening subtypes, which likely reflects its aggressive nature. These important clinical correlations likely...

New test for most virulent HPV strains under study

... new tests will one day provide better options for screening for the most common sexually transmitted disease. ...HPV testing,?says Dr. Ferris. “One is as a primary screening adjunct test with a Pap test for women age 30 and older and the other is as a triage test when women...

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