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Tag: "routine" at biology news

Examination of internal 'wiring' of yeast, worm, and fly reveals conserved circuits

...ss-species DNA and protein comparisons have become routine for all biologists with computerized search programs, the most popular of which is called BLAST. The wiring analysis reported in PNAS was made possible with yet another type of database called the Database of Interacting Proteins. That repository co...

UCSD team discovers specialized, rare heart stem cells in newborns

...s of the atrium that are normally discarded during routine cardiac surgery, the discovery raises the possibility that an individual could receive their own cardiac stem cells to correct a wide spectrum of pediatric cardiac diseases, according to co-first authors Moretti and Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, M.D., a Heis...

Surprising findings reported about iron overload

...etect these conditions is not performed as part of routine medical exams," said Acton. Delaying treatment ?the weekly removal of a pint of blood by phlebotomy ?can permit the progressive accumulation of iron deposits in target organs that may result in complications such as cirrhosis of the liver, liver canc...

Nanoscale Diagnostic Sets Sights on Alzheimer's

...his study is a major step forward in identifying a routine diagnostic tool for Alzheimer's disease, and it validates our hypothesis that there are many biomarkers for disease that go under the radar of conventional diagnostic tools. The extraordinary sensitivity of the bar code assay has a chance to change t...

Stopping smallpox in its tracks: A new anti-viral approach

...lpox poses a great health threat, especially since routine smallpox vaccinations have been discontinued and no clinically approved treatment currently exists. In the February 1 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Ellis Reinherz and colleagues from Harvard Medical School propose a new antiviral th...

WHO Warns Of Increased Risk Of Vector-borne Diseases In Tsunami-affected Areas

...r, the ministry of health continues to conduct its routine vector-control activities. A generous outpouring of donations targeting vector-control efforts is facilitating the task. In Banda Aceh alone, some 100,000 insecticide-treated mosquito nets, 20,000 rapid diagnostic tests for malaria and 150,000 treat...

HIV-1 spread through six transmission lines in the UK

...e increasingly available since the introduction of routine HIV-1 gene sequencing for drug resistance. Scientists used this data to follow the changing number of infected individuals through time and estimate the demographic parameters shaping the epidemic. During the exponential growth phase, the transmissi...

Birds brains reveal source of songs

...ay that is producing a song, jarring it out of the routine and making it sing something new," Fee says. Then another, still unexplained, pathway compares that variation to the bird's memory of the father's song. Gradually, the bird gets it right more often and eventually sings only the songs of its elders. ...

Measles Deaths Worldwide Drop By Nearly 40% Over Five Years

...ortality reduction. The strategy seeks to achieve routine measles immunization coverage of at least 90% in e...cond opportunity" for measles immunization through routine services or supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) every three to four years. The SIAs have pr...

Single-donor Islet Transplantation Procedure Shows Promise For Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

...let transplantation from clinical investigation to routine clinical care." "While these findings may suggest a distinct advance in islet transplantation, further study in a larger population with longer follow-up will be critical to assess the risk-benefit ratio of this emerging therapeutic option," the res...

Alien woodwasp, threat to US pine trees, found in N.Y.

...ifting through thousands of bark beetles caught in routine screening traps set by the New York State Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS) program, in search of any of 10 exotic species of bark beetles, when he stumbled across the specimen of S. noctilio . "I recognized it immediately," says Hoebeke, ...

Survey reveals women and doctors aren't talking about HPV

...presence of the virus itself. The FDA has approved routine HPV testing in women age 30 and older - the group most likely to have persistent infections and most at risk of cervical cancer. In addition, vaccines are in development and are designed to protect those inoculated if they have not yet been exposed t...

Morphine for Chest Pain Increases Death Risk

...sis raise serious concerns about the safety of the routine use of morphine in this group of heart patients," said Duke cardiologist Trip Meine, M.D., the study's lead author. "Since randomized clinical trials evaluating the safety or effectiveness of morphine for these patients have not been conducted, offic...

Researchers grow stem cells from human skin

...arrow. Using tissue samples from 15 donors who had routine circumcisions, the scientists were able to isolate single stem cells, which they then grew in culture dishes in the laboratory. The scientists used hormones and growth factors to coax the stem cells into becoming fat, muscle and bone cells. When the...

Drug Offers Alternative to Surgical Treatment After Miscarriage

...whether the drug was safe and effective enough for routine medical practice. For the current study, Dr. Zhang and colleagues at several institutions enrolled 652 women who experienced pregnancy failure. Of these, 491 were assigned at random to receive misoprostol. The rest of the women underwent vacuum aspi...

Sleeping Sickness Epidemic Spreading in Uganda

...whether the drug was safe and effective enough for routine medical practice. For the current study, Dr. Zhang and colleagues at several institutions enrolled 652 women who experienced pregnancy failure. Of these, 491 were assigned at random to receive misoprostol. The rest of the women underwent vacuum aspi...

Doctors should stop prescribing antibiotics for the common cold, review advises

...olored discharge (acute purulent rhinitis), "their routine use is not recommended," the review says. Colds are the most common reason for new patient visits at general practioners' offices, the review reports, and although the antibiotics do not work for that purpose, it is the second most common reason doc...

Deep sleep short-circuits brain's grid of connectivity

...human brain, cells talk to one another through the routine exchange of electrical signals. But when people fall into a deep sleep, the higher regions of the brain - regions that during waking hours are a bustling grid of neural dialogue - apparently lose their ability to communicate effectively, causing cons...

Frog peptides block HIV in lab study

...human brain, cells talk to one another through the routine exchange of electrical signals. But when people fall into a deep sleep, the higher regions of the brain - regions that during waking hours are a bustling grid of neural dialogue - apparently lose their ability to communicate effectively, causing cons...

Drug resistance testing in treatment-naive HIV patients is cost-effective

...s and its relatively high cost compared with other routine blood tests. A cost-effectiveness analysis conducted by a group of Boston researchers indicates that performing genotype resistance testing at initial HIV diagnosis--before treatment is started--can effectively guide a physician's choice of treatme...

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