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Tag: "revolution" at biology news

Genome of deadly amoeba shows surprising complexity, evidence of lateral gene transfer

...organism, has been at the forefront of the genomic revolution since the institute was founded in 1992. The Institute's scientists conduct research involving the structural, functional, and comparative analysis of genomes and gene products in viruses, bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes. ...

Study: 'homemade' gene expression technology unreliable

...e Nature Methods publication. "The gene chip is a revolution in technology that is hoped rapidly to advance understanding of biological mechanisms and methods to assess the actions and effects of drugs and chemicals," said Spencer, who estimates there are "hundreds, if not thousands" of laboratories around the...

Scientists journey to southern Africa to unravel the secret world of elephant communication

...n. She and her colleagues are part of a scientific revolution that began nearly two decades ago with the stunning revelation that elephants communicate over long distances using low-pitched sounds that are barely audible to humans. In 1997, O'Connell-Rodwell took this discovery in a bold, new direction by prop...

Breakthrough isolating embryo-quality stem cells from blood

...ime. This new technique could unlock the stem cell revolution and stimulate a boom in medical research using stem cells. Stem cells are cells which have not yet differentiated into specialised tissues such as skin, brain or muscle. They promise a new class of regenerative medicine, which could repair apparentl...

New tool reveals secrets of migrating cells

...havior in a single layer of cells. It's an imaging revolution to be able to go into the native environment while keeping the intact organ alive and make movies of migrating cells." With two-photon imaging, Witt and Robey identified thymus cells they dubbed beeliners moving nearly two centimeters - almost an in...

Attacks of King George III's madness linked to key metabolism molecule

...ebellious American Colonists that they felt only a revolution against England could resolve their grievances. The symptoms recorded at the time sound to modern diagnosticians as typical of porphyria, though the King's attacks were unusual in their severity and that they didn't appear until he was 50. Several t...

Researchers predict infinite genomes

...ists probe new pan-genome Ever since the genomics revolution took off, scientists have been busily deciphering vast numbers of genomes. Cataloging. Analyzing. Comparing. Public databases hold 239 complete bacterial genomes alone. But scientists at The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) have come to a start...

Neurotransmitters signal aggressive cancer, offer potential for early diagnosis

...gnosis tumor groups." "Most people understand the revolution in medicine to be a DNA-centered search for mutati...sease. This study illustrates another layer of the revolution - understanding how certain diseases, in this case cancer, are linked to abnormalities in cellular m...

Birth defects: 8 million annually worldwide

...om birth defects and to capitalize on the genetics revolution and rapid advances in molecular biology as they continue to unfold," Dr. Howson says. Step-By-Step Approach The report recommends first steps for low-income countries with high rates of infant mortality that are consistent with the established ma...

Ernst Mayr's theory illustrated in genetic epidemiology studies

...lutionary biologist Ernst Mayr's theory of genetic revolution , introduced in 1954, remains controversial to th...ection with genetic drift that could cause genetic revolution ?new directions of evolutionary change. Detractors of the theory object to what they consider the r...

Nanopore method could revolutionize genome sequencing

...hat the new method has the potential to usher in a revolution in medicine. "Current DNA sequencing methods are too slow and expensive for it to be realistic to sequence people's genomes to tailor medical treatments for each individual," said Massimiliano Di Ventra, an associate professor of physics at UCSD w...

Completed genome set to transform the cow

...between breeds. "This is just the beginning of a revolution in the way we produce our animals and food," Dr Dalrymple says. "Once we have a complete set of genes that influence tenderness, for example, we will be able to predict that animals of a certain type, fed a particular type of pasture or grain, will c...

Ten years later, Dolly is still making headlines

...generics, a field that is being hailed as the next revolution in healthcare. "At AAPS, we are committed to tack...e Hynes Convention Center. Biogenerics ?The next revolution in health care? Generic biopharmaceutical drugs, or biogenerics, are widely available in Europe a...

Mapping the protein world

... to stretch it even further. "The high-throughput revolution in Structural Biology allows us to work on more and more complex problems relevant to human health," Perrakis says. "Knowing the structures of molecules that play crucial roles in cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases and molecules fr...

Finding the right mix: A biomaterial blend library

...iness. But scientists pursuing this modern medical revolution share a basic challenge: biocompatibility. How will a biomaterial on the lab bench actually work inside the human body? Will a patient accept the new material or suffer an inflammatory response? And can that material survive in a human's complex syst...

Increase in carbon dioxide emissions accelerating

...ted contribution since the start of the industrial revolution around 1800 is only five per cent of the global total. This compares to the US and Europe which have each contributed more than 25 per cent of accumulated global emissions. Dr Raupach says that the amount of emitted carbon dioxide remaining in the...

MIT designs portable 'lab on a chip'

.... "In the same way that miniaturization led to a revolution in computing, the idea is that miniature laboratories of fluid being pumped from one channel to another, with reactions going on here and there, can revolutionize biology and chemistry," says Martin Bazant, associate professor of applied mathematics ...

Heart smart: new drug improves blood flow

...er Health Care, hopes to use the drug as part of a revolution in the management of heart disease. Dr. Harald S...ve unexpected heart attacks and strokes. We need a revolution in vascular diagnosis, treatment and prevention. This discovery is an important step along the way."...

Stanford scientists make major breakthrough in regenerative medicine

...rd scientists may be the first step toward a major revolution in human regenerative medicine—a future where advanced organ damage can be repaired by the body itself. In the May 2007 issue of The FASEB Journal, researchers show that a human evolutionary ancestor, the sea squirt, can correct abnormalities over a ...

Sunshine pill for prostate cancer in 2009

...it remains to be seen whether the drug will be the revolution in prostate cancer care that its makers claim. The drug, Asentar (DN-101), is based on vitamin D and is given to patients in the advanced stages of prostate cancer along with chemotherapy drugs. Drug makers came up with the idea because vitamin D ...

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