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Tag: "review" at biology news

Research shows cord blood comparable to matched bone marrow

...urvival rates. The study was done by extensive review of clinical data from transplant centers around the country and reported to the CIBMTR at the Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee and the National Cord Blood Program at the New York Blood Center. The analysis included transplant outcomes in 785 c...

Avian influenza survivors' antibodies effective at neutralising H5N1 strain

...rs to patients infected with the disease. A recent review suggested that this treatment was associated with a halving in mortality. However, directly administering blood carries a risk of infection with other blood diseases, such as Hepatitis C and HIV....

Dinosaur hearing, listening to muscle noise, quieter cubicles

...ral Washington University ( piacsek@cwu.edu ) will review the state of current knowledge on this question, and will propose specific ideas for helping to resolve this issue (4pMU5). Scientist and instrument-maker Richard Smith ( richard@smithwatkins.com ) will dispel and correct what he has identified to b...

The quest for an effective HIV vaccine presents new possibilities, challenges

...ne Research Program in the Division of AIDS. In a review article in the May 17 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, Drs. Johnston and Fauci examine the daunting challenges posed by HIV, the evolution of HIV vaccine research, the role T cells may play in HIV vaccine effectiveness, and how the first...

Hexavalent chromium in drinking water causes cancer in lab animals

...Review Subcommittee completed its independent peer review of the sodium dichromate dihydrate research report. Sodium dichromate dihydrate is an inorganic compound containing hexavalent chromium that was used in the NTP studies. The NTP is located at the NIEHS, part of the National Institutes of Health. H...

Improved predictions of warming-induced extinctions sought

...of extinction rates are overestimates." A critical review of the four types of model now in common use leads the team to identify various simplifying assumptions in the models that can lead to biases. The authors make eight recommendations for improving forecasts of extinction rates under global warming. ...

Human's ecological footprint in 2015 and Amazonia revealed

...ng in the February issue of Frontiers, researchers review newly revealed changes in the Amazon rainforests and the ecosystem services they provide. The Amazon Basin is one of the world's most important bioregions, harboring rich array of plant and animal species and offering a wealth of goods and service...

Pitt study notes decline in male births in the US and Japan

...as decreased each year in the U.S. and Japan. In a review of all births in both countries, the University of Pittsburgh-led study found significantly fewer boys being born relative to girls in the U.S. and Japan, and that an increasing proportion of fetuses that die are male. They note that the decline in b...

Woman's Day and For Womens of Science

... scientists, assembled into four expert panels, to review and synthesize the major mercury science findings. Every member of all four scientific panels endorsed the declaration, he said. Wiener added that all 1,150 participants at the conference were invited to express their confidence in the experts' fin...

Mercury contamination of fish warrants worldwide public warning

... scientists, assembled into four expert panels, to review and synthesize the major mercury science findings. Every member of all four scientific panels endorsed the declaration, he said. Wiener added that all 1,150 participants at the conference were invited to express their confidence in the experts' fin...

Chemo combination improves survival in asbestos-related cancer

...reatment regimen for pleural mesothelioma." The review appears in the current issue of The Cochrane Library, a publication of The Cochrane Collaboration, an international organization that evaluates medical research. Systematic reviews draw evidence-based conclusions about medical practice after consider...

Growth hormone is not the anti-aging bullet for healthy adults

A review of published data on use of human growth hormone (...s happy. Despite these enticing claims, careful review of existing evidence does not support the prescription of GH for anti-aging purposes. Growth horm...

No-scalpel vasectomies by skilled surgeons may speed recovery

...o small that it does not require stitches. The review looked at two studies that compared the no-scalpel...he studies arrived at conflicting results. The review appears in the current issue of The Cochrane Library, a publication of The Cochrane Collaboration, a...

Mosquito repellents that emit high-pitched sounds don't prevent bites

...eam of Cochrane Researchers conducted a systematic review looking for trials conducted with EMRs. They located ten field trials that had been carried out in various parts of the world. None of these trials showed any evidence that EMRs work. "All ten studies found that there was no difference in the numb...

Computer imaging assists with facial reconstructive surgery

...performed a photograph analysis and medical record review of 14 patients (average age 32, 12 females and two males) who underwent combined rhinoplasty (nose surgery) and chin correction at an academic medical center between 1999 and 2004. Six of the patients received implants in their chins, while eight un...

Health Canada approves cold and flu medicine

...o fight it more effectively." The NHPD’s safety review confirmed the safety profile of COLD-fX with no known side effects or drug interactions for generally healthy individuals. Health Canada established new regulations effective Jan. 1, 2004, to monitor and manage the NHP industry. CV Technologies wa...

Long-term narcotics use for back pain may be ineffective and lead to abuse

...r effectiveness long-term has been questioned in a review article by researchers at Yale School of Medicine,...l and co-authors conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis that addressed the prevalence and effectiveness of opioid prescriptions for patien...

Antibody signal may redirect inflammation to fuel cancer

...red in a June 2005 commentary in "Nature" (2). A review this month by Coussens and Ting-Ting Tan, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow in Coussens?laboratory, brings together many related threads of research in this fast-evolving area of inquiry. It was published February 1 in "Current Opinion in Immunology" (3). ...

Like salty food? Chances are you had low blood sodium when you were born

...re of variability. The Study: Results Upon review of the data, the researchers concluded that: reported dietary sodium consumption in childhood (ages 8-15) was predicted by neonatal lowest serum sodium (NLS) and not by neonatal diuretic treatment, as they originally proposed. NLS p...

Are scientists making progress in being able to regenerate bone tissue?

...in animal studies. In their article the authors review the available data on bone tissue engineering in human studies, including clinical research they themselves have conducted. They also discuss possible new directions that need to be exploited to make bone tissue engineering a clinical success. ...

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