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Tag: "respiratory" at biology news

Novel antiviral technology inhibits RSV infection in mice

...."This is an exciting advance in the fight against respiratory syncytialvirus infection," said Shyam S. Mohapatra, PhD, principal investigatorof the study and director of basic research at the USF Division ofAllergy and Immunology. "We found that RNA interference targeting avirus's NS1 gene can be administered i...

Newly discovered virus linked to childhood lung disorders and Kawasaki disease

.... First headline :a newly discovered virus causing respiratory infection. Let's hope itsjust a coincidence :) A newly discovered virus may be responsible for many respiratory tractillnesses in infants and children, and may be associated with animportant multi-organ disease w...

U of M researcher examines newly emerging deadly disease

...ococcal purpura fulminans. The disease begins as a respiratory tract infection, which then is infected by Staphylococcus aureus. The infection then moves to the lungs, making superantigens (bacterial toxins that activate large numbers of T cells), often leading to death due to hypertension and shock. Purpura ful...

Live Recombinant Adenovirus Vaccine Technique Explored

...netically modified adenoviruses, a common cause of respiratory infections. Oral adenovirus vaccines have long been proven to be safe and effective. The researchers believe their process for constructing a replicating live recombinant adenovirus could lead to more economical vaccines that provide longer-lasting d...

Why do insects stop 'breathing'? To avoid damage from too much oxygen, say researchers

A new study investigating the respiratory system of insects may have solved a mystery that h...s of fruit flies, beetles and bugs close off their respiratory systems periodically to keep out excess oxygen, thus preventing damage to their tissues. Timothy Br...

New studies suggest airborne SARS transmission is possible

...esent evidence that the virus causing severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) may spread through the air, not just through direct contact with contaminated water droplets as previous research had shown. SARS coronavirus was detected in the air in a patient's room during the 2003 outbreak in Toronto, according ...

Novel ultrafast laser detection of cancer cells also may improve understanding of stem cells

...us, tries to get outside the area, and hijacks the respiratory machinery of a cell." The biocavity laser It is these changes - a kind of beefing-up of the criminal forces - that Gourley's device, called a biocavity laser, detects. A nano-thin layering of gallium aluminum arsenide combinations send up numerous...

Researchers develop rapid diagnostic tool for pathogen identification

... for differential diagnosis. “We focused first on respiratory diseases because differential diagnosis is a common clinical problem with implications for outbreak control and individual case management,?stated W. Ian Lipkin, MD, Jerome L. and Dawn Greene Professor of Epidemiology and professor of Neurology and P...

Molecular models advance the fight against malaria

... enough malaria parasites to isolate and study the respiratory enzyme cytochrome bc1 complex, which the parasites...ug interacted with the cytochrome bc1 complex ?the respiratory enzyme the parasites need to live and multiply -- on a molecular level. With this new understanding ...

Live vaccines more effective against horse herpes virus

... herpes virus type 1 (EHV-1) leads to a mild upper respiratory infection with fever, nasal discharge and fatigue for a day or two. The virus can also cause pregnant mares to abort, and in its severest form it can lead to neurological disorders, loss of coordination and even death. The virus is spread mainly by i...

Could microbes solve Russia's chemical weapons conundrum?

...severe burns to the skin, and severe damage to the respiratory system and internal organs if ingested or inhaled. It accounts for around 2 percent of Russia's CWA stockpile. Around 60 percent of the mustard RM consists of derivatives of a toxic compound called 1,4-perhydrothiazine (PHT). Ermakova's research te...

Too much water may be as dangerous as too little during long-distance athletic events

...uch as lethargy, disorientation, seizures and even respiratory distress. In a perspectives article in the current issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Benjamin Levine, professor of internal medicine at UT Southwestern, said competitive runners are less likely to suffer from hyponatremia. "Those wh...

Bush, Cheney and Rumsfeld are now species of slime-mold beetles -- but strictly in homage

...uch as lethargy, disorientation, seizures and even respiratory distress. In a perspectives article in the current issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Benjamin Levine, professor of internal medicine at UT Southwestern, said competitive runners are less likely to suffer from hyponatremia. "Those wh...

New design : complete

...uch as lethargy, disorientation, seizures and even respiratory distress. In a perspectives article in the current issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Benjamin Levine, professor of internal medicine at UT Southwestern, said competitive runners are less likely to suffer from hyponatremia. "Those wh...

Scientists generate patient-specific stem cells, Science study says

...matrix cells and cells of the gastrointestinal and respiratory lining. One of the next preclinical steps, according to the authors, is to evaluate, in the lab, differentiated patient-specific human embryonic stem cell lines for immune-system tolerance, therapeutic efficacy and safety. Initial laboratory experim...

SuperLigands - a database of ligand structures derived from the Protein Data Bank

...matrix cells and cells of the gastrointestinal and respiratory lining. One of the next preclinical steps, according to the authors, is to evaluate, in the lab, differentiated patient-specific human embryonic stem cell lines for immune-system tolerance, therapeutic efficacy and safety. Initial laboratory experim...

Wake Forest scientists find new combination vaccine effective against plague

... development of a vaccine against the pneumonic or respiratory form of plague is a major goal of the bio-defense initiative," he said. The research program involves six other medical school scientists and a secure biosafety laboratory at Virginia Tech that is certified by the Centers for Disease Control and Pre...

Embryonic Stem Cells Treated With Growth Factor Reverse Hemophilia In Mice: UNC Researchers

...bryonic cells that develops into the digestive and respiratory systems. "Not only do ES cells differentiate into PEPs, they also engraft, persist, differentiate further and then function following injection, resulting in the persistent production of factor IX protein that can only come from a hepatocyte (liver ...

15 generations of untrained jocks, couch potatoes show big physiological adaptations

...ral physiological changes in the cardiovascular or respiratory systems. Wider endurance, oxygen usage difference...flow (33%), reported in Kirkton et al., below) and respiratory systems (proportionally larger lungs (17%) and better oxygen diffusing capacity, reported in Giulian...

New vaccine means bye-bye to bacteria in the lung

...eudomonas aeruginosa is a bacterium that can cause respiratory tract infections, which can be life threatening in...rs that prevent them from effectively fighting off respiratory tract infections. ...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... such as heart disease, epilepsy and pain, making them ... is still much scientists do not know about the ... into the structure of sodium channels and, specifically, one ... responsible for ,fine-tuning, the activity of the channel. The ... the Journal of Biological Chemistry . , Nerves ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... journal Current Biology on April 17 have ... The Brazilian insects, which represent four distinct but related ... first example of an animal with sex-reversed genitalia. ... different animals, Neotrogla is the only example ... Kazunori Yoshizawa from Hokkaido University in Japan. , During ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... the genetic information of DNA is used to ... numerous different functions in living organisms. Messenger RNA ... expression, by relating the genetic information of DNA ... , By examining the different types and ... at a given time, researchers can determine which ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Structure of sodium channels different than previously believed 2In sex-reversed cave insects, females have the penises 2Rapid and accurate mRNA detection in plant tissues 2
(Date:4/17/2014)... uncommon these days to find a colored ribbon representing a ... cancer. But what color ribbon does one think of with ... color, for many suffering from the disease, black may be ... study consisting of lung cancer patients, primarily smokers between the ... light on the stigma often felt by these patients, the ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... improves general blood flow and alleviates muscle soreness ... at the University of Illinois at Chicago. , ... in the Archives of Physical Medicine and ... function in people who had not exercised, suggesting ... their level of physical activity. , Improved circulation ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... found that India,s shocking rates of suicide are highest ... clinging to tiny smallholdings less than one hectare ... cotton and coffee, that are highly susceptible to global ... previous case studies that point to a crisis in ... of the nation,s economy during the 90s. Researchers say ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... April 17, 2014 Giving patients adrenaline after they suffer ... increase their prospects of surviving long-term, according to new ... number of patients who have a cardiac arrest get ... cardiac arrest for decades," said Dr. Steve Lin, an ... "Yet, despite advances in medical treatment, long-term survival rates ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... lost its status as the leading weapon against the ... life, with new research indicating it simply needs to ... use of the cheap anti-malarial drug chloroquine in treating ... of more than half a million people each year ... has developed resistance to chloroquine, but research carried out ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Unraveling the 'black ribbon' around lung cancer 2Health News:Massage therapy improves circulation, eases muscle soreness 2Health News:New evidence of suicide epidemic among India's 'marginalized' farmers 2Health News:New evidence of suicide epidemic among India's 'marginalized' farmers 3Health News:Adrenaline does little to increase patient's survival after cardiac arrest 2Health News:Scientists find new way to fight malaria drug resistance 2
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