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Tag: "residual" at biology news

Adding Radiation Therapy To Chemotherapy Improves Survival In Patients With High-risk Breast Cancer

...rom other groups, confirm that in situations where residual disease remains, adjuvant chemotherapy alone in high-risk breast cancer patients is suboptimal and that the addition of locoregional radiation therapy is important to achieve the highest cure rate," the authors write. In an editorial, Timothy Whelan...

Novel Asthma Study Shows Multiple Genetic Input Required; Single-gene Solution Shot Down

...rom other groups, confirm that in situations where residual disease remains, adjuvant chemotherapy alone in high-risk breast cancer patients is suboptimal and that the addition of locoregional radiation therapy is important to achieve the highest cure rate," the authors write. In an editorial, Timothy Whelan...

Whole genome fine map of rice completed

...were found in the two genomes. After adjusting for residual errors of predictions with EST data, the number of genes is estimated to be between 30,000 to 40,000. Among them, only 2-3% genes are unique to any one of the two strains. Even though the genetic difference between the two strains is small, there ar...

U-M scientists find genes that control growth of common skin cancer

...resumptionof BCC tumor growth, suggesting that the residual cell populations mayrepresent BCC tumor stem cells...study are applicable to human BCC, the discoveryof residual tumor cells and tumor recurrence may be particularlyimportant given the current efforts to develop H...

Genetically modified natural killer immune cells attack, kill leukemia cells

...patient after the transplant in order to eliminate residual leukemic cells. In another application, NK cells could be obtained from a patient while in remission and then reinfused after genetic modification if the patient suffers a resurgence of the leukemia. "We look forward to seeing this strategy being ad...

LUCA technologies confirms real-time methane generation

...ove to be important sites for the bioconversion of residual oil to methane and the restoration of these 'spent' sites to economic energy production." Potential for Methane "Farming" It has long been known that certain microorganisms are "methanogens" ?microbes that generate methane by metabolizing organic m...

Genetically Modified Natural Killer Immune Cells Attack, Kill Leukemia Cells

...patient after the transplant in order to eliminate residual leukemic cells. In another application, NK cells could be obtained from a patient while in remission and then reinfused after genetic modification if the patient suffers a resurgence of the leukemia. "We look forward to seeing this strategy being ad...

NIH Researchers Discover How Insulin Allows Entry of Glucose Into Cells

...er slip, away from the microscope’s lens. However, residual energy from the light passes through the cover slip, to the cell beneath, illuminating the area just below the cell’s surface while leaving the inside of the cell dark. “When we started the experiment, we thought that the vesicles would be stationar...

Could microbes solve Russia's chemical weapons conundrum?

...oethanolamine (MEA) and ethylene glycol (EG) ?both residual components of the initial de-toxification process that are present in the RM ?for growth. The results showed that the concentrations of each PHT derivative decreased significantly when P putida was grown in the presence of these carbon sources. By ...

Breakthrough: Scientists create world's tiniest organic particles

...artz molds where it is difficult to eliminate this residual material between objects," DeSimone said. Particles injected into the body can be designed to be biodegradable, he said. Some are made from the same material used to make surgical sutures. They will incorporate as "cargo" whatever biological materia...

Old drug, new tricks: Prospects for slashing the impact of malaria

...EHI, says, "There seems to be a totally unexpected residual immunological effect when children are given this tablet as a preventative rather than as a post-infection treatment for malaria. While the drug itself dissipates in the bloodstream over a few days, it appears to enable the immune system to re-energi...

Toxic flood lifts lid on common urban pollution problem

...r the city of flood residue. "How we clean up this residual matter - which will not be easy - will be a chronic issue to the health of the city," he said. He said the contamination in New Orleans also highlights the need for other cities nationwide to do more to remove the toxins in urban runoff before, rath...

Scientists closer to new cancer detection method

...arly diagnosis of cancer, as well as for detecting residual cancer in patients after treatment." It works by capitalizing on fluorescent molecules engineered into tiny strands of DNA or RNA. Known as aptamers, the strands act as molecular beacons, corresponding and readily binding to a sought-after substance...

Gene expression profile helps predict chemotherapy response in ovarian cancer patients

...t sensitive investigational approach for detecting residual disease in patients with advanced ovarian cancer w...standard clinical features, such as tumor grade or residual disease status," notes Cannistra. "And with the identification of each new gene expression profile, ...

The reason why antiviral therapy can't annihilate HIV infection, and what to do about it

...d periods of time and examined the nature of their residual virus as well as the underlying mechanisms of viral persistence. They demonstrate that HIV persists in both resting and activated CD4+ T cells of patients having received up to 9.1 years of effective antiviral therapy with undetectable levels of HIV ...

Terahertz imaging may reduce breast cancer surgeries

...y could aid the surgeon in immediately identifying residual cancer after the main tumor has been removed, thus minimizing the need for additional surgical procedures." Currently, excised tissue samples must be sent for histopathologic examination, which typically takes several days. Thus, surgeons don't know...

University of Utah to help build bionic arm

...that would relay nerve impulses from nerves in the residual limb to a small computer worn on a belt and then t...ted in some or all of the four major nerves in the residual limbs of people with upper-arm amputations. Each of the 100 electrodes would selectively "listen" or...

Both alcoholism and chronic smoking can damage the brain's prefrontal cortex

...that would relay nerve impulses from nerves in the residual limb to a small computer worn on a belt and then t...ted in some or all of the four major nerves in the residual limbs of people with upper-arm amputations. Each of the 100 electrodes would selectively "listen" or...

St. Jude projects 90 percent cure rate for ALL

...St. Jude researchers is the measurement of minimal residual disease (MRD)--the small populations of leukemic cells that survive initial treatment (induction therapy). These cells can replenish the population of leukemic cells and cause the patient to relapse. Using highly sensitive techniques, St. Jude resea...

With cochlear implants, earlier use leads to better speech

...indergarten with their hearing peers. "Kids with residual hearing can get some help from hearing aids, but c...lear implant is forever -- the device destroys any residual hearing so that hearing aids are no longer an option. "Studies like ours are meant to help answer ...

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