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Tag: "rehabilitation" at biology news

Blood test may help signal tumor's remission, return in throat cancer patients

...hat enables doctors to closely monitor a patient’s rehabilitation while sparing the patient’s voice, speech, and swallowing ability is an excellent example of the predictive, preemptive, and personalized approach to medicine that the NIH strives for.” Roughly 20 years ago, the primary method for treating throat ...

Helium helps patients breathe easier

..."If patients were to breathe helium-hyperoxia in a rehabilitation setting, they could potentially perform a lot more exercise, which may improve their exercise capacity, fitness level and as a result, quality of life," Eves said. ...

Glucose triggers brain cell death in rats after hypoglycemic coma

...Raymond A. Swanson, MD, chief of the neurology and rehabilitation service at SFVAMC. Furthermore, says Swanson, he and his fellow researchers have identified the cause of the damage: the sudden return of glucose to the brain activates the enzyme NADPH oxidase, which in turn initiates a process of oxidative stre...

Action video games sharpen vision 20 percent

...in an increase in their visual acuity with special rehabilitation software that reproduces an action game's need to identify objects very quickly. The team is now delving into how the brain responds to other visual stimuli. They plan to use what would be a video gamer's dream: a new 360-degree virtual-reality co...

OHSU surgeon implants donated tissue allografts

...d Crawford, assistant professor of orthopedics and rehabilitation in the OHSU School of Medicine, and a specialist in sports medicine. "Oregonians, it turns out, are among the most beneficent with respect to providing their bodies to organ donation programs in the entire country." Until recently, however, it was...

Robotic exoskeleton replaces muscle work

...t their results suggest promising applications for rehabilitation and physical therapy, and a similar approach could...-M robotic exoskeleton works the opposite of these rehabilitation aids. In the U-M device, electrodes were attached to the wearer's leg and those electrical signals r...

Researcher to study astronaut bone loss for space biology agency

...etons have not borne any weight. "This makes their rehabilitation risky, because, like astronauts who have returned to earth, they are predisposed to fractures." Long's research project will focus on the relationship between three substances: insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), a chemical produced in bone and ...

Elderly spinal cord injuries increase five-fold in 30 years, Jefferson neurosurgeons find

... will likely impact spine surgeons and spinal cord rehabilitation centers as these patients become a larger proportion of the spinal cord injury (SCI) population. The findings were just presented by Jefferson neurological surgeons at a meeting in Phoenix, Ariz. of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Per...

Stem cells decrease ischemic injury and restore brain function

...s (early diagnosis, thrombolysis, stroke units and rehabilitation centers), stroke still represents a major and unresolved medical issue. "Stroke causes the death of many nervous cells that, in theory, could be substituted by stem cells. A few studies have shown that these cells can be effective, although vario...

Studies yield insight into the numerical brain

...h to the field of numerical cognition research and rehabilitation of people suffering from developmental dyscalculia," they wrote. ...

Researchers show that veins stiffen as we age

...is UD career, he worked with cardiac patients in a rehabilitation setting, where he provided patients with information about the risk factors affecting heart disease and the benefits of exercise. Then, during his postdoctoral training at Boston's Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, he worked with patients who wer...

New research shows big improvement in survival after stroke

...kes and implementing evidence-based management and rehabilitation strategies (for example, Acute Stroke Units). In addition, there needs to be increased awareness of the condition and how to reduce risk factors that can lead to strokes, such as elevated blood pressure, smoking, poor diet etc. Only through this can ...

High tech help to prevent further heart disease

...ients around the country could soon have access to rehabilitation services in the comfort of their own home rather t...ampton campus are developing an on-line outpatient rehabilitation service for people who have had heart surgery to see if it improves health outcomes by reducing the ...

Electronic chip, interacting with the brain, modifies pathways for controlling movement

...s through this mechanism may have potential in the rehabilitation of patients with brain injuries, stroke, or paralysis. The authors of study, titled "Long-Term Motor Cortex Plasticity Induced by an Electronic Neural Implant," were Dr. Andrew Jackson, senior research fellow in physiology and biophysics, Dr. Jaidee...

Brain-computer link lets paralyzed patients convert thoughts into actions

...d Chen, medical director of the spinal cord injury rehabilitation program at the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, presented preliminary results from a third participant in the trial. This patient, who is unable to speak because of a brainstem stroke, can control a cursor with significantly greater stability tha...

Global warming may warrant new approaches to ecosystem restoration

...logical restoration, including reafforestation and rehabilitation of degraded land, may be a common response to the effects of climate change, but the implications of this changing environment must be considered. Using past ecosystem conditions as targets and references may be ineffective under new conditions. I...

NASA technology helping injured US troops

... an ideal fit for Walter Reed because it makes the rehabilitation process less taxing on both the patient and the me... Messier. "So it gets the patient up sooner in the rehabilitation process without a fear of falling and without injuries to the patient or staff." According to Mes...

Mechanism identified for promising neurological drug

...tor Raymond A. Swanson, MD, chief of neurology and rehabilitation at SFVAMC. "Minocycline turns out to be an extraordinarily good PARP inhibitor, better than most of the drugs that are marketed as PARP inhibitors," he says. The paper appears in the current online Early Edition section of the Proceedings of the Na...

New approach to vaccine development provides potent, long-lasting immunity

...l. The results, the investigators say, could alter rehabilitation approaches for people who have lost motor abilities to brain injuries like strokes. In a report on the work in the May 23 issue of PLoS Biology, the researchers built on their observations that some parts of the brain learn - and forget - fast, whi...

Robotic joystick reveals how brain controls movement

...l. The results, the investigators say, could alter rehabilitation approaches for people who have lost motor abilities to brain injuries like strokes. In a report on the work in the May 23 issue of PLoS Biology, the researchers built on their observations that some parts of the brain learn - and forget - fast, whi...

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