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Tag: "reading" at biology news

A cherry on top: Tart cherries may alter heart/diabetes factors

...ntioxidant capacity in the blood on which a higher reading means better ability to neutralize damaging free radical molecules produced in the body during metabolism. The rats that received cherries had higher antioxidant capacity, indicating lower oxidative stress in their bodies, than those that did not. ...

Danish researches solve virus puzzle

...d hence, the ribosomes of the host cell will start reading the viral RNA and produce the proteins requested b...a pseudoknot it has to unravel the knot before the reading can proceed. During this process the ribosome sometimes slips backwards and, like the letters making...

Mutation improves memory, may lead to memory-enhancing pill

..., they reported. "For example, if a person were reading a page of a textbook, it might take several times to memorize it," Costa-Mattioli said. "A human equivalent of these mice would get the information right away." The mutant mice also performed better than normal mice in a "fear-conditioning" test. ...

Why doesn't the immune system attack the small intestine?

...n a way that puts the immune system "at ease." By reading those antigens without being on alert, the immune system's T cells learn that such cells are off-limits to attack. For years, scientists have wondered whether the same mechanism is at work in tissues that come in regular contact with bacteria and o...

Sleep disturbances affect classroom performance

... out of the bed and do something relaxing, such as reading a book or listening to music, until you are tired enough to go back to bed. Get up at the same time every morning. Avoid taking naps after school if you can. If you need to lie down, do not do so for more than an hour. Keep a regular schedule....

Scientists reveal structure of gateways to gene control

... to help push the nucleosome out of the way so the reading of the gene can begin," Pugh said. "Previous research had indicated that DNA sequences located upstream of a gene might be a region that controls whether that gene is read or not, but we did not know the architecture of those sequences -- whether ...

'The eyes have it' -- Autism research yields surprising results

...en and adolescents with autism may have difficulty reading mental states from facial expressions but our results suggest that this is not due to an inability to interpret information from the eyes. "Surprisingly, autistic children seemed particularly reliant on the eyes and also the mouth when making ment...

Sequencing of the oyster mushroom genome

...pproximately, the JGI will have undertaken a first reading of the genome's 70 million letters. And, once agai... Earth. In the second year of the project, the reading of the genome will be completed and the annotation of the genes perfected. In the end, all the infor...

Detailed 3-D image catches a key regulator of neural stem cell differentiation in action

...e, Scp1 prevents the enzyme RNA polymerase II from reading and switching on neuronal genes in tissues where they shouldn't be expressed, such as skin, muscle and liver. In the nervous system Scp1 is switched off, enabling RNA polymerase II to efficiently transcribe information encoded by neuronal genes and d...

Taking 'chips' to the next level of gene hunting

...yers. Next we're going to try adding another layer reading diagonally" to triple the amount of genomic information packed onto the tiny chips. ...

Unraveling where chimp and human brains diverge

...ned each gene individually, it would be similar to reading every fifth word in a paragraph ?you don't get to see how each word relates to the other. So instead we used a systems biology approach to study each gene within its context." The scientists identified networks of genes that correspond to speci...

Biologists probe the machinery of cellular protein factories

...ions for making those proteins. The crucial job of reading the genetic instructions and synthesizing the specified proteins is carried out by ribosomes, tiny protein factories humming away inside the cells of all living things. Harry Noller, the Sinsheimer Professor of Molecular Biology at the University o...

New tool helps blood specialists improve patient care

...ures are not passive learners. They are not simply reading about how to improve patient care ?they will be doing it," said Steven Allen, MD, a member of the ASH Committee on Practice, which is developing new parameters for measuring performance on the treatment of several blood disorders and cancers. "Partic...

Spelling out cancer on the nanoscale

...er researchers. Enter nano-fluidics and the art of reading a lot from very little. Researchers led by Dean Felsher at Stanford University School of Medicine, and bioengineers at Cell Biosciences in Palo Alto, collaborated to develop an automated, high-throughput, nano-fluidic system that was able to measur...

Slow brain waves play key role in coordinating complex activity

...bral cortex, can coordinate activity. "If you are reading something, language areas oscillate in theta frequ...transmit information," said Knight. "When you stop reading and begin to type, theta rhythms oscillate in motor structures, allowing you to plan and execute you...

Boston University biomedical engineers win major grant for pursuit of the '$1,000 Genome'

...," said Meller. "From there, it is a small step to reading tens, and later hundreds, at a time. That would produce an orders-of-magnitude reduction in the cost of sequencing individuals' DNA." According to NIH, sequencing the 3 billion base pairs on a human genome using current technology costs about $10 m...

Reading Shakespeare has dramatic effect on human brain

...ty's School of English, said: "The brain reacts to reading a phrase such as ‘he godded me' from the tragedy of Coriolanus, in a similar way to putting a jigsaw puzzle together. If it is easy to see which pieces slot together you become bored of the game, but if the pieces don't appear to fit, when we know th...

Technology for monitoring fetal oxygen during labor offers no apparent benefit

...ted to a monitor by a cable, provides a continuous reading of the baby's oxygen level. For the current study, the researchers enrolled 5341women from 14 hospitals throughout the United States. The women were randomly assigned to one of two groups: an "open" group, in which oxygen levels were continuously...

New biochip helps study living cells, may speed drug development

...apable of obtaining 60 times more data in just one reading than is possible with current technology. In the near term, the biochip could speed scientific research, which could accelerate drug development for muscle and nerve disorders like epilepsy and help create more productive crop varieties. "Inste...

Why Popeye only has eyes for spinach

... where sufferers slowly lose central vision making reading and most day-to-day activities virtually impossible. The main risk factors for the disease are age and heritance but it is also linked to controllable factors such as poor diet, smoking and obesity. "Having their macular pigment measured and learni...

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