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Tag: "rank" at biology news

Study: Soap And Water Work Best In Ridding Hands Of Disease Viruses

...mportant because health-care associated infections rank in the top five causes of death, with an estimated 90,000 deaths each year in the United States," Rutala said. "Hand hygiene agents have been shown to reduce the incidence of health-care associated infections, and a variety of hand hygiene agents are...

Fleshing out the genome

...sm to cellular communication. This new ability to rank hypothetical sequences according to their likelihood to encode proteins "will be vital for any further experimentation and, eventually, for predicting biological function," said Eugene Kolker, president and director of BIATECH, an affiliate scientist...

Canadian youth 4th highest in international obesity study

Canadian youth rank fourth-highest on the obesity scale in a new international study of adolescents from 34 countries, says co-author Dr. Ian Janssen, a professor in Queen's University's School of Physical & Health Education and Department of Community Health & ...

Open Access journals get impressive impact factors

...al. Arthritis Research & Therapy maintains its rank of second in the rheumatology field with an impact factor of 4.55. A number of other journal published by BioMed Central also saw their impact factors and rankings improve. BMC Infectious Diseases jumped from 1.25 to 2.07. BMC Cell Biology, with an ...

'Bionic' arm gives amputee sense of touch

...al. Arthritis Research & Therapy maintains its rank of second in the rheumatology field with an impact factor of 4.55. A number of other journal published by BioMed Central also saw their impact factors and rankings improve. BMC Infectious Diseases jumped from 1.25 to 2.07. BMC Cell Biology, with an ...

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: Many of 2 billion dryland dwellers at risk as land degrades

...land regions in developing countries. The authors rank desertification ?land degradation in drylands as a result of climatic factors and human activities ?among the world's greatest environmental challenges, destabilizing societies by deepening poverty and creating environmental refugees who can often ad...

New classification of eukaryotes has implications for AIDS treatment, agriculture and beyond

...they "adopted a hierarchical system without formal rank designations, such as "class," "sub-class," "super...rained by formally attributing a limited number of rank names." ...

Grid bridges 4,800 miles for molecular repositories

...tion with researchers at these institutions, which rank among the world leaders in biological science, positions PNNL to contribute to breakthroughs in scientific understanding that could have tremendous impact on the environment, energy, security and everyday life. Grid technology is a distributed compu...

2005 was the warmest year in a century

...me other research groups that study climate change rank 2005 as the second warmest year, based on comparisons through November. The primary difference among the analyses, according to the NASA scientists, is the inclusion of the Arctic in the NASA analysis. Although there are few weather stations in the A...

Hyena mothers give their cubs a helpful dose of hormones

...monstrate a relationship between a female's social rank and her ability to influence her offspring's behavior through prenatal hormone transfer. Previously, this phenomenon had only been documented in birds. Michigan State University's Kay Holekamp, together with her colleagues, spent almost 10 years sam...

Study in Science holds promise for a new approach to drug therapy

...ructures would bind tightly to the hotspot, and to rank them. In general,tight binding suggests that a drug candidate has the potential to remain bound to its target long enough to have the desired effect. Of the compounds found through the screen, one, called M119, had a high enough affinity for the hots...

Computer scientist sorts out confusable drug names

... past two years to analyze proposed drug names and rank them in terms of confusability, both phonetically and orthographically, with existing drugs. "The FDA used to have dozens of people scouring the lists of names to check if the proposed ones were too similar to any of them, and this wasn't a good use...

DNA: Bacteria's survival ration

The ubiquitous bacteria E. coli rank among nature's most successful species for lots of reasons, to which biologists at the University of Southern California have added another: in a pinch, E. coli can feast on the DNA of their dead competitors. A research team led by Steven Finkel, as...

Mushrooms as good an antioxidant source as more colorful veggies

Portabella and crimini mushrooms rank with carrots, green beans, red peppers and broccoli as good sources of dietary antioxidants, Penn State researchers say. Dr. N. Joy Dubost, who recently earned her doctorate in food science at Penn State, measured the activity of two antioxidants, p...

Science captures the essence of fruit

...tplace. "Alongside colour, flavour and fragrance rank as some of the most important guides to the natural world. The ability for manufacturers to recreate them exactly as they occur in nature will open new opportunities for high-quality, novel products and foods." While many biofermented compounds wil...

The higher the hierarchy, the greater the aggression

...ierarchy, usually after those ahead of them in the rank have died and they have inherited the right to rep...matical models that predicted that, if inheritance rank mattered in a cooperative society, then the rates of aggression would be highest toward the front of...

Wasps queue for top job

...asp - Liostenogaster flavolineata. Both the wasp's rank and the size of the group were manipulated to show how these variables affected the amount of help each individual contributed to the group. The team changed the position of individual wasps in the social hierarchy by removing higher ranked, older wa...

Fishy cooperation

... hierarchies in which dominant females support the rank contests of their daughters. Bottlenose dolphins form "political" coalitions every bit as complex as those of chimpanzees. Caledonian crows not only use tools in the wild, but also modify tools in the lab, an ability once thought to define humans. ...

Seagrass ecosystems at a 'global crisis'

...overage in the popular media. While recent studies rank seagrass as one of the most valuable habitat in coastal systems, media coverage of other habitats ?including salt marshes, mangroves and coral reefs ?receive 3 to 100-fold more media attention than seagrass systems. "Translating scientific underst...

Fish can determine their social rank by observation alone, study finds

A male fish can size up potential rivals, and even rank them from strongest to weakest, simply by watching... use transitive inference to figure out where they rank in the social order," Fernald said. "I was amazed that they could do this through vicarious experien...

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