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Tag: "psychological" at biology news

Prenatal Stress Keeps Infants, Toddlers up at Night, Study Says

...elopment and emotional health may want to consider psychological treatment, OConnor said. Several evidence-based th...sing adverse effects to baby. Given prenatally, psychological interventions could instill a whole host of benefits that may carry-over to the child, OConnor sai...

Millions of children denied drug that costs less than $3 a year

...all. As a result, they experience seizures and the psychological consequences of stigma and discrimination. Regrettably, most of these people, many of whom are children, could return to a normal life by taking a single daily dose of a drug (phenobarbital) that costs less than $3 (£1.5; €2.2) each year. The W...

Study finds mix of disease processes at work in brains of most people with dementia

...participants who have died. Annual physical and psychological exams showed that, while they were alive, 50 of the 141 had dementia. Upon death, a neuropathologist, who was unaware of the results of the clinical evaluation, analyzed each person’s brain. The autopsies showed that about 85 percent of the individua...

Stanford-led study closes in on genes that may predispose some people to severe depression

...ngs such as non-genetic physiological problems or psychological traumas. Some 10 to 15 percent of people suffer from severe depression at some point in their lives, and 3 to 5 percent have it more than once. Women are twice as likely to develop depression as men, although the reason is not yet known. "W...

Does God answer prayer? ASU research says 'yes'

...r the benefit of another person ?among people with psychological or medical problems. He found a positive effect. ...may be warranted, and that praying for people with psychological or medical problems may help them recover.? The use of prayer as a therapeutic intervention is con...

Trying to control pain can be a double-edged sword, say scientists

... the other hand, teaching persistent pain patients psychological coping strategies to handle their pain usually doe...re able to stimulate the prefrontal cortex through psychological intervention, medication or some other stimulus, we could help reduce the pain felt by a patient," s...

Anticipation plays a powerful role in human memory, brain study finds

..., have important implications for the treatment of psychological conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and social anxiety, which are often characterized by flashbacks and intrusive memories of upsetting events. "The main motivation for this study was a clinical one, in terms of understanding a...

Designer babies - what would you do for a 'healthy' baby?

...bout when the manipulation of children's physical, psychological or social characteristics is legitimate, natural or ethical." We are often presented with information and speculation about what reproductive technologies might achieve in the future and with various ethical dilemmas. This new research is among the...

Emotional control circuit of brain's fear response discovered

...rcher in her lab, described how the Stroop test, a psychological test of mental vitality and flexibility, can be adapted to enable the observation of control mechanisms in the brain, using a high-resolution version of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The standard Stroop test asks participants to n...

Ecstasy can harm the brains of first-time users

...d flow in different areas of the brain and various psychological tests. After 18 months, 59 first-time ecstasy users who had taken six tablets on average and 56 non-users were re-examined with the same techniques and tests. The study found that low doses of ecstasy did not severely damage the serotonergic neur...

A reason why video games are hard to give up

...aying actually is rooted in fulfilling their basic psychological needs. Psychologists at the University of Rochest...s interested. "It's our contention that the psychological 'pull' of games is largely due to their capacity to engender feelings of autonomy, competence, and r...

Green tea and the 'Asian Paradox'

... inflammatory component and improve neurologic and psychological health. "More studies are necessary to fully elucidate and better understand green tea's method of action, particularly at the cellular level," Sumpio said. "The evidence is strong that green tea consumption is a useful dietary habit to lower the ri...

Scientists take 'snapshots' of enzyme action

...h-like odor that can be embarrassing and result in psychological effects such as withdrawal and depression. People with defective FMOs might also suffer additional side effects from drugs, industrial compounds, or other chemicals. ...

Hopkins scientists show hallucinogen in mushrooms creates universal 'mystical' experience

...ll mystical experience" as measured by established psychological scales. One third said the experience was the single most spiritually significant of their lifetimes; and more than two-thirds rated it among their five most meaningful and spiritually significant. Griffiths says subjects liken it to the importance o...

Virtual realities against pain

...based on the assumption that there is an important psychological element in the perception of pain, with the amount...s of ADTs, greater consideration is being given to psychological aspects. Several personality traits (such as absorption and dissociation) have been identified as im...

Spray-on skin relieves emotional trauma for child burn victims

...d Microskin was a significant breakthrough for the psychological damage of burns. "Children with burns can experience emotional difficulties as a result of physical disfigurement. This product can help alleviate these difficulties and help with a patient's overall recovery and rehabilitation," he said. ...

All placebos not created alike

...derlying neurobiological, biochemical, genetic and psychological mechanisms. Though the results of this study add evidence pointing to the existence of a placebo effect in a clinical environment, Kaptchuk does not recommend the use of placebos with patients or deception in the doctor-patient encounter. The aim is...

Attention shoppers: Researchers find neurons that encode the value of different goods

... "This result has broad implications for possible psychological models of economic choice," says Padoa-Schioppa. "It suggests that economic choice is, at its essence, a choice between goods as opposed to a choice between actions--such as reaching to the right to take the apple or to the left to take the orange." ...

A link is found between morphine addiction and the tendency to explore

...a direct relationship has been found without other psychological characteristics, such as anxiousness, that might a...direct relationship without the influence of other psychological factors, such as anxiousness. A team of researchers from the Institute of Neuroscience, the Departm...

Guiding principles for facial transplantation unveiled

...ession, transplant rejection, technical issues and psychological aspects (both those facing all transplant patients...ility selection; patient informed consent; patient psychological evaluation; proper institutional oversight; and the ethics of the procedure. ...

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