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Tag: "protection" at biology news

Genomic Analysis Uncovers New Targets for HIV Vaccine

...overed many other genetic variants that may confer protection for patients but whose effects did not reach statistical significance in the study. However, some of these polymorphisms could ultimately be shown to play a major role when future analyses involving more patients are performed, the researchers said. ...

Enzyme delivered in smaller package protects cells from radiation damage

...nts consisting of twice-weekly swallowed MnSOD for protection of the esophagus from chemoradiotherapy damage, th...s. This also has implications for the prophylactic protection of those who may be the first responders to a nuclear accident or a terrorist attack, such as a "dir...

Children of smokers have more than 5 times higher levels of a nicotine toxin

...eir carers in their homes, without the legislative protection available to adults in public places.’ But they acknowledge that there are practical difficulties in preventing smoking in private homes because it relies on parents or carers being educated about the harmful effects of passive smoking on their c...

Ancient retrovirus sheds light on modern pandemic

...e up about 8 percent of the human genome. Innate protection against PtERV1 in humans could be credited, the researchers believe, to the presence of an ancient, rapidly evolving antiviral defense gene called TRIM5a, which produces a protein that binds to and destroys the virus before it can replicate within th...

HIV and malaria combine to adversely affect pregnant women and their infants

...study. "We set out to understand how women acquire protection against malaria during pregnancy and how HIV infec...rs that protection. By understanding how they lost protection in the face of HIV we learned how they acquired protection against malaria in the first place." ...

Peramivir protects mice from lethal H5N1 infection

...iral drug peramivir might offer humans significant protection during a pandemic of the avian influenza virus H5N1, according to results of mouse studies conducted by investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. Peramivir, an antiviral drug, blocks the ability of influenza viruses to use an enzyme ...

Why do oysters choose to live where they could be eaten?

...ea. Oftentimes, aggregations of a species serve as protection from predators and harsh environments or may be beneficial to future reproductive success. However, in the case of oyster larvae, the selection of a place to call home can be a life or death decision. According to an article in the May edition of Ec...

8 plants from South Africa may hold potential for treating high blood pressure

...not only lower blood pressure but offer additional protection to the brain and heart. ACEI, in particular, provide beneficial properties to patients with type 1 diabetes. In an effort to identify indigenous plants consumed by the local population in Kwa-Zulu Natal that hold potential antihypertensive propert...

Baumann Lab defines proteins that distinguish chromosome ends from DNA double-strand breaks

... repair to define the minimal requirements for the protection of telomeric DNA at the ends of chromosomes. "S...lusive evidence that any of these are required for protection has been lacking. "We set out to define the minimal requirements that would allow the DNA repair...

High-dose anticlotting drug cuts heart attack, death risk in half

...f antithrombotic management for PCI is to maximize protection from thrombotic complications during and shortly after PCI, while minimizing bleeding and costs." Clopidogrel interferes with the action of platelet cells, which stimulate the formation of blood clots. Interventional cardiologists give patients a ...

Asexual worm quickly adapts to soil contamination

...of this study are important for the development of protection strategies for natural populations. This can be realised by focusing environmental management more on functions such as biomass turnover rate and less on the structure and biomasss of populations per se. In her thesis Doroszuk shows that contribution...

Better health twice as likely for nonsmokers who live and work with smoking restrictions

...environment continues to move toward comprehensive protection at the workplace, the household increasingly will ...d as smoke-free air legislation spreads, a rise in protection from secondhand smoke at home can be expected. "However, this does not, preclude the need to take a...

Scientists seek useful traits in wild cottons

...sive and often only provide a three-week window of protection against this hungry pest, Arnold said. Arnold raises thrips on wheat, a favorite host plant, and forces them to move to neighboring cotton plants by killing the wheat with herbicide. "This produces massive thrips pressure on the cotto...

Study warns deep-sea mining may pose serious threat to fragile marine ecosystems

...onal Seabed Authority—which overseas environmental protection and demands that profits from mining in international waters be shared with developing nations—redirected prospecting and exploration of the seafloor into areas under national jurisdiction, where regulations are often weaker or non-existent. "The ...

Rare soft-shell turtle, nesting ground found in Cambodia

...its importance for conservation. For the future protection of the species, CI, WWF and the Cambodian Turtle Conservation Team plan to employ local community members to protect nesting beaches for the turtles and to conduct patrols during the dry season to prevent illegal fishing of the species prized as an e...

Discovery of new cave millipedes casts light on Arizona cave ecology

...of cave resource management plans and the ultimate protection of numerous caves in northwestern Arizona and southwestern Utah. ...

Studies force new view on biology of flavonoids

...noid-rich foods, mostly fruits and vegetables, and protection against heart disease, cancer and neurodegenerative disease, Frei said. ...

Cambodian vulture nests offer hope for species

... Chansocheat's team immediately set-up 24-hour protection measures against poaching and egg collecting, and are now working with local communities to ensure that they are involved in—and support—longer-term conservation measures. "We already have a successful WCS model working in the Northern Plains where l...

New details on how the immune system recognizes influenza

...veloping influenza vaccines that can provide broad protection against multiple strains of the virus. "This stu...ped towards one strain might provide at least some protection against the other strain. Using a software tool they developed, the LIAI team found hundreds of c...

LIAI completes world's most comprehensive analysis on influenza virus data

...to develop an influenza vaccine with greater cross protection for many different viruses." Sette said the study found hundreds of similar epitopes among the different virus strains. However, it remains to be seen whether these epitopes are similar enough to enable the successful development of a highly cross...

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(Date:7/23/2014)... are packed with healthful compounds, and now lab tests ... as prescription anti-diabetic medication, scientists report. In their new ... Food Chemistry , they found that how the herbs ... which compounds contribute the most to this promising trait. ... that in 2012, type-2 diabetes affected more than 8 ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... Basement membrane degradation and blood-brain barrier damage ... and brain functioning. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 is able ... basement membrane around cerebral blood vessels and ... Huilian Hou and colleagues from the First ... Jiaotong University, China induced cerebral infarction in ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... hippocampal region of the brain is important ... However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Dr. ... China monitored the activity of hippocampal neurons ... the mechanisms underlying the neuronal responses. Somatosensory ... changed local field potentials into theta rhythm-dominated ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/23/2014)... voice on the recording was low and calm as the speaker ... with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS: “My heart ... I was on the floor flat on my face boohooing, crying ... recording ended less than 10 minutes later. “Don’t feel like this ... is just God setting you up for something greater,” the anonymous ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... By Kathleen Doheny ... (HealthDay News) -- Weight-loss surgery appears to have an ... symptoms in women, according to a new study. ... a weight-loss surgery program reported having incontinence prior to ... their urinary symptoms either improved or disappeared, said study ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... By Amy Norton ... -- The timing of a girl,s first menstrual period may ... a new study suggests. Researchers have identified over ... of menarche -- a woman,s first menstrual period. The researchers ... a number of diseases ranging from type 2 diabetes to ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... genes have been focused on the regions of the ... the form of amino acids thus proteins. But just ... activator which controls the expression and activity of the ... the role exerted such DNA fragment in tumor development. ... in collaboration with the group of Manel Esteller, ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... likelihood of forming false memories, according to research published ... Association for Psychological Science. , In a study conducted ... of California, Irvine and colleagues, sleep-deprived people who viewed ... false information about the photos were more likely to ... were those who got a full night,s sleep. , ...
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