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Tag: "protection" at biology news

Genomic Analysis Uncovers New Targets for HIV Vaccine

...overed many other genetic variants that may confer protection for patients but whose effects did not reach statistical significance in the study. However, some of these polymorphisms could ultimately be shown to play a major role when future analyses involving more patients are performed, the researchers said. ...

Enzyme delivered in smaller package protects cells from radiation damage

...nts consisting of twice-weekly swallowed MnSOD for protection of the esophagus from chemoradiotherapy damage, th...s. This also has implications for the prophylactic protection of those who may be the first responders to a nuclear accident or a terrorist attack, such as a "dir...

Children of smokers have more than 5 times higher levels of a nicotine toxin

...eir carers in their homes, without the legislative protection available to adults in public places.’ But they acknowledge that there are practical difficulties in preventing smoking in private homes because it relies on parents or carers being educated about the harmful effects of passive smoking on their c...

Ancient retrovirus sheds light on modern pandemic

...e up about 8 percent of the human genome. Innate protection against PtERV1 in humans could be credited, the researchers believe, to the presence of an ancient, rapidly evolving antiviral defense gene called TRIM5a, which produces a protein that binds to and destroys the virus before it can replicate within th...

HIV and malaria combine to adversely affect pregnant women and their infants

...study. "We set out to understand how women acquire protection against malaria during pregnancy and how HIV infec...rs that protection. By understanding how they lost protection in the face of HIV we learned how they acquired protection against malaria in the first place." ...

Peramivir protects mice from lethal H5N1 infection

...iral drug peramivir might offer humans significant protection during a pandemic of the avian influenza virus H5N1, according to results of mouse studies conducted by investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. Peramivir, an antiviral drug, blocks the ability of influenza viruses to use an enzyme ...

Why do oysters choose to live where they could be eaten?

...ea. Oftentimes, aggregations of a species serve as protection from predators and harsh environments or may be beneficial to future reproductive success. However, in the case of oyster larvae, the selection of a place to call home can be a life or death decision. According to an article in the May edition of Ec...

8 plants from South Africa may hold potential for treating high blood pressure

...not only lower blood pressure but offer additional protection to the brain and heart. ACEI, in particular, provide beneficial properties to patients with type 1 diabetes. In an effort to identify indigenous plants consumed by the local population in Kwa-Zulu Natal that hold potential antihypertensive propert...

Baumann Lab defines proteins that distinguish chromosome ends from DNA double-strand breaks

... repair to define the minimal requirements for the protection of telomeric DNA at the ends of chromosomes. "S...lusive evidence that any of these are required for protection has been lacking. "We set out to define the minimal requirements that would allow the DNA repair...

High-dose anticlotting drug cuts heart attack, death risk in half

...f antithrombotic management for PCI is to maximize protection from thrombotic complications during and shortly after PCI, while minimizing bleeding and costs." Clopidogrel interferes with the action of platelet cells, which stimulate the formation of blood clots. Interventional cardiologists give patients a ...

Asexual worm quickly adapts to soil contamination

...of this study are important for the development of protection strategies for natural populations. This can be realised by focusing environmental management more on functions such as biomass turnover rate and less on the structure and biomasss of populations per se. In her thesis Doroszuk shows that contribution...

Better health twice as likely for nonsmokers who live and work with smoking restrictions

...environment continues to move toward comprehensive protection at the workplace, the household increasingly will ...d as smoke-free air legislation spreads, a rise in protection from secondhand smoke at home can be expected. "However, this does not, preclude the need to take a...

Scientists seek useful traits in wild cottons

...sive and often only provide a three-week window of protection against this hungry pest, Arnold said. Arnold raises thrips on wheat, a favorite host plant, and forces them to move to neighboring cotton plants by killing the wheat with herbicide. "This produces massive thrips pressure on the cotto...

Study warns deep-sea mining may pose serious threat to fragile marine ecosystems

...onal Seabed Authority—which overseas environmental protection and demands that profits from mining in international waters be shared with developing nations—redirected prospecting and exploration of the seafloor into areas under national jurisdiction, where regulations are often weaker or non-existent. "The ...

Rare soft-shell turtle, nesting ground found in Cambodia

...its importance for conservation. For the future protection of the species, CI, WWF and the Cambodian Turtle Conservation Team plan to employ local community members to protect nesting beaches for the turtles and to conduct patrols during the dry season to prevent illegal fishing of the species prized as an e...

Discovery of new cave millipedes casts light on Arizona cave ecology

...of cave resource management plans and the ultimate protection of numerous caves in northwestern Arizona and southwestern Utah. ...

Studies force new view on biology of flavonoids

...noid-rich foods, mostly fruits and vegetables, and protection against heart disease, cancer and neurodegenerative disease, Frei said. ...

Cambodian vulture nests offer hope for species

... Chansocheat's team immediately set-up 24-hour protection measures against poaching and egg collecting, and are now working with local communities to ensure that they are involved in—and support—longer-term conservation measures. "We already have a successful WCS model working in the Northern Plains where l...

New details on how the immune system recognizes influenza

...veloping influenza vaccines that can provide broad protection against multiple strains of the virus. "This stu...ped towards one strain might provide at least some protection against the other strain. Using a software tool they developed, the LIAI team found hundreds of c...

LIAI completes world's most comprehensive analysis on influenza virus data

...to develop an influenza vaccine with greater cross protection for many different viruses." Sette said the study found hundreds of similar epitopes among the different virus strains. However, it remains to be seen whether these epitopes are similar enough to enable the successful development of a highly cross...

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(Date:4/15/2014)... Biologists at UC San Diego have succeeded in ... hormone responsible for growth and resistance to drought. ... studies to determine how the hormone helps plants ... by the continuing increase in the atmosphere,s carbon ... achievement appears in the April 15 issue of ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... Looking at the question of how social behavior has ... universities in Mainz and Basel have gained new insights ... simply compete for food. Rather the siblings share what ... absent," explained Dr. Jol Meunier of the Evolutionary Biology ... University of Mainz (JGU). The team of biologists from ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... (April 15, 2014) The American Association of Anatomists ... All awards will be presented during the Closing ... Hotel on Tuesday, April 29th at 7:30 p.m. during ... , The 2014 award winners are: , ... PhD, of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Biologists develop nanosensors to visualize movements and distribution of plant hormone 2Sibling cooperation in earwig families gives clues to early evolution of social behavior 2American Association of Anatomists 2014 award winners 2
(Date:4/14/2014)... treat children with uncomplicated acute appendicitis is a reasonable ... fewer missed school days, according to a pilot study. ... Hospital and published online April 12 in the ... the first prospective study on nonoperative management of acute ... , Researchers enrolled 77 patients age 7 to 17 ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014, Perth, Australia. Drug discovery company Proteomics International ... of a companion diagnostic (CDx) test with the ... The research team authenticated the panel of biomarkers ... samples. Seven biomarkers were validated at high stringency ... The mass spectrometry data was then cross-validated using ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014) When it comes to the cost and ... Patients get the best care when they are treated ... extensive experience in their current job, according to a ... and Columbia Business School. The study was published in ... Applied Economics . , The review of more ...
(Date:4/13/2014)... STANFORD, Calif. A low-cost empowerment program for ... and sexual harassment of these girls, who live ... and are frequently attacked, a large new study ... Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children,s ... No Worldwide, validated the program,s effectiveness in combating ...
(Date:4/11/2014)... the processes that control brain cell production could pave ... brain-related disorders. , Scientists have gained new understanding of ... how and when nerve and brain cells are formed ... and keeps it healthy. Their findings could help explain ... which is a fundamental characteristic of many diseases including ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Antibiotics alone are a successful treatment for uncomplicated acute appendicitis in kids 2Health News:Antibiotics alone are a successful treatment for uncomplicated acute appendicitis in kids 3Health News:Longer nurse tenure on hospital units leads to higher quality care 2Health News:Empowerment program greatly decreases incidence of rape, Stanford/Packard-led study finds 2Health News:Empowerment program greatly decreases incidence of rape, Stanford/Packard-led study finds 3Health News:Empowerment program greatly decreases incidence of rape, Stanford/Packard-led study finds 4
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