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Tag: "progresses" at biology news

Studies reveal how plague disables immune system, and how to exploit the process to make a vaccine

...wn as pneumonic plague. This form of the infection progresses faster, spreads easier from person to person, and is far more deadly, killing 100 percent of those who do not receive the right antibiotics soon after exposure. "There is," the authors note, "an urgent need for vaccine development." One of this micr...

Genetic links could unlock clues to leading cause of blindness

...sease in humans allows researchers to study how it progresses in the animals, which could lead to better treatments and even a cure. "Stopping the development of the disease is something the monkeys will help us do that we can't do with humans," said William W. Dawson, a UF professor of ophthalmology and physi...

Compound might defeat African sleeping sickness, clinical trial beginning this month

...e disease early on in the local villages before it progresses to the terminal brain stage," the physician said. "When a drug works and helps a lot of people, that's when all our hard work really pays off, and we can be proud of our efforts." Three years ago, the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases pres...

Hepatitis C responds best to combo of ribavirin and interferon, study concludes

...s drug use and needle stick accidents. The disease progresses slowly over 10 to 30 years, causing inflammation and severe scarring of the liver. If untreated, it can lead to liver failure, liver cancer and death. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 170 million people worldwide are infe...

U of MN researchers reverse memory loss in mice

...e mice serve as a model that shows how the disease progresses as well as the possibility that memory loss can be reversed. The research suggests that the same reversal may be possible in humans, and that people with Alzheimer's disease may be able to recover memory and improve in cognitive function if they can ...

Identical twins may have more differences than meet the eye

...ons affect cells may also shed light on how cancer progresses and develops, said Christoph Plass, a study co-author and an associate professor of molecular virology, immunology and medical genetics at Ohio State University . Plass and Yue-Zhong Wu, a research associate also at Ohio State , helped a team of Eur...

Scientists find evidence of catastrophic sand avalanches, sea level changes in Gulf of Mexico

...ons affect cells may also shed light on how cancer progresses and develops, said Christoph Plass, a study co-author and an associate professor of molecular virology, immunology and medical genetics at Ohio State University . Plass and Yue-Zhong Wu, a research associate also at Ohio State , helped a team of Eur...

NHGRI expands effort to revolutionize sequencing technologies

...going to be interesting to see how each technology progresses and which of them can ultimately be used by the average researcher or physician." "$1,000 Genome" Grants NHGRI's "Revolutionary Genome Sequencing Technologies" grants have as their goal the development of breakthrough technologies that will enable ...

Carnegie Mellon develops non-invasive technique to detect transplant rejection at cellular level

...ble to observe, for the first time, that rejection progresses from the outside of the heart to the inside," said Ho. "Up to now, this phenomenon hasn't been observed in pre-clinical or clinical research because biopsy samples are very limited in location and size." The reported findings also have broader impli...

Gene needed for butterfly transformation also key for insects like grasshoppers

...al changes during each of its nymphal stages as it progresses to adulthood. If broad is suppressed, the nymph simply repeats the appearance from its previous phase but continues to show normal growth, Erezyilmaz said. The organism eventually becomes an adult, but adult structures such as the wings are severely ...

U-M scientists identify major psoriasis susceptibility gene

...r 50 percent of young people who get it, psoriasis progresses to become a chronic life-long disease." The PSORS1 gene is actually one of over 20 different varieties (scientists call them alleles) of a gene called HLA-C. "In terms of our grocery store analogy, think of PSORS1 as one of 20 'brands' of HLA-C on t...

Measuring artery repair cells could become new heart disease test

...n the development of atherosclerosis --the disease progresses as the body's loses its intrinsic ability to repair and rejuvenate itself. Current methods for measuring EPCs ?which can represent as few as one out of 10,000 cells in a given blood sample ?are subjective and time-consuming, the researchers said. As...

Anti-inflammatory drug's potentially deadly side effect found to be rare

...fford says. "It's a very bad disease that normally progresses to death within a few months unless we can reverse the immune suppression." MS is an autoimmune disease believed to result from misguided immune system attacks on nervous system tissues. It comes in various forms and affects an estimated 400,000 Am...

NYU algorithm enhances ability to detect cancer genes

...s "collateral damage" to the genomes as the cancer progresses to an advanced stage. The NYU algorithm estimates the location of tumor suppressor genes by analyzing segmental deletions in the genomes from cancer patients and the spatial relation of the deleted segments to any specific genomic interval. Since th...

History-hunting geneticists can still follow familiar trail

...copies of their mothers' mtDNA. In this way, mtDNA progresses through the ages, springing from what many scientists believe was a common ancestral mother. But over the eons, random mutations enter the genetic code of all species. By tracking similarities and differences of mtDNA, scientists gain insight abou...

'GreeneChip' -- New diagnostic tool that rapidly and accurately identifies multiple pathogens

...us causes an acute febrile illness that frequently progresses to liver failure, delirium, shock, and hemorrhage. From October 2004 through July 2005, a Marburg outbreak in Angola resulted in 252 cases of hemorrhagic fever, with 90% of the cases fatal. Although most of the cases were confirmed through PCR as c...

Transplanted brain cells hold promise for Parkinson's disease

...e symptoms for three to five years. As the disease progresses and the drug becomes less effective, doses are increased and can produce more dyskinesia, loss of controlled movement. Centers such as MCG are exploring new ways to slow disease progression, diagnose it earlier and more accurately monitor its progres...

Mutant gene causes severe kidney disease in infants

...d focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), which progresses about 50 percent of the time to end-stage kidney disease and renal failure. PLCE1 is the seventh gene scientists have found to be involved in different types of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome, and the second gene that is expressed in podocyt...

Early-stage immune system control of HIV may depend on inherited factors

... a key role in determining how quickly the disease progresses after initial infection. HLA ?also called major histocompatibility complex (MHC) ?proteins are also the primary markers of tissues as "self." Unique to each individual, these are the factors that need to be matched as closely as possible in organ...

Computer with brain connections changing quality of life of paralyzed

...timulus. The research suggests that as the disease progresses and the probability for an external event to function as a link between response and consequence becomes progressively smaller, it may eventually vanish altogether. Researchers have found that by implementing a BCI before the CLIS state occurs, a...

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