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Tag: "programs" at biology news

Threats to wild tigers growing

...ly about 5,000 wild tigers left--some conservation programs have been successful. Dinerstein and his coauthors highlight a program in the Terai-Arc Landscape of northwestern India and southern Nepal as a notable victory. The scheme features wildlife corridors that connect 12 reserves. Tiger conservation effor...

Simulations unravel outer membrane transport mechanism

...d graduate student James Gumbart used two software programs developed in the U. of I.'s National Institutes of...d graduate student James Gumbart used two software programs developed in the U. of I.’s National Institutes of Health Resource for Macromolecular Modeling and B...

Largest synthetic gene ever built offers insights into anti-malarial drug resistance

...d the United States started massive drug discovery programs based on the toll the parasite was having on soldiers − more U.S. soldiers died from malaria in the Pacific than from all enemy fire, Roepe said. The Germans first invented chloroquine (CQ), a synthetic version of quinine, which quickly became the...

Exploring the dark matter of the genome

... State University. "We used a pipeline of computer programs to analyze the raw sequence data, in search of genes. We identified patterns of codons that might indicate a gene splice-site or a promoter, for example. We mapped experimentally derived evidence of messenger RNAs back to the matching heterochromatin...

Male circumcision overstated as prevention tool against AIDS

...re reason to be hopeful. But, and this is the key, programs of action can not just be voluntary. Too many inno...organizations are against such mandatory treatment programs for prostitutes as they find them to be discriminatory, violate the individual’s human rights and ar...

Smoking rate has plummeted in New York City

...ding the way on tobacco control. There aren’t many programs that can prevent 80,000 premature deaths this quickly.” Ads from the 2006 campaign graphically depicted tobacco smoke’s effects on the brain, lungs and arteries, showing testimonials from sick and dying smokers and their children, including form...

Putting feelings into words produces therapeutic effects in the brain

...e, an underlying reason why mindfulness meditation programs improve mood and health. “The right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex can turn down the emotional response you get when you feel angry,” he said. “This moves us forward in beginning to understand the benefits of mindfulness meditation. For the first...

Treating HIV in war zones -- Public health emergencies need rapid advice from WHO

...s of insecurity Establishing links with HIV care programs in neighboring regions, allowing displaced patients to continue to receive care Educating patients on the importance of not conserving their pills and trying to take them on time even during periods of instability. Culbert and colleagues' pa...

More recycling on the farm could reduce environmental problems

... be expected. Pearson argues that existing funding programs for farmers could be modified to encourage more regenerative agriculture, and suggests that philanthropists and professional bodies could stimulate its uptake....

US control strategies may make flu epidemics worse, UCLA study shows

...ere flu epidemics and pandemics unless vaccination programs offer incentives to individuals. According to t...verity of such a health crisis could be reduced if programs were to provide several years of free vaccinations to individuals who pay for only one year. Interes...

Master regulatory gene of epithelial stem cells identified

... understand," says McKeon. "Dissecting the genetic programs controlled by these regulators will tell us much about how stem cells function and how they go awry in cancer." ...

Double the death rate from cirrhosis for 'blue collar' men

...r Siskind, urging the need for more healthy-living programs targeted at the socioeconomically disadvantaged. Professor Najman said reducing tobacco use and excessive alcohol consumption among the most socioeconomically disadvantaged should be an urgent national priority....

NIDA study identifies genes that might help some people abstain from smoking

...owledge could impact the success rate of cessation programs by helping health care providers choose the most appropriate treatment based on individual differences.? Dr. Uhl and his colleagues performed a genome-wide analysis on the DNA of two types of nicotine-dependent individuals, one that was able to suc...

NIAID expands capability for influenza research and surveillance

...ill study the effectiveness of annual immunization programs using inactivated or weakened (live, attenuated) flu virus vaccines. The Rochester center also will perform clinical immunological studies to better define human immune responses to influenza vaccination and infection. Additionally, the center will s...

Super-fermenting fungus genome sequenced

...ngus genomes sequenced by DOE JGI through its user programs and contributed freely to the worldwide scientific community. ...

OHSU surgeon implants donated tissue allografts

...espect to providing their bodies to organ donation programs in the entire country." Until recently, however, it was difficult to access some of these tissues for transplantation. Now, as a result of a new cooperative conceived by OHSU surgeons and administrators, Oregonians will increasingly benefit from t...

ConocoPhillips establishes $22.5M biofuels research program at Iowa State

...t of ConocoPhillips' plan to create joint research programs with major universities to produce viable solution... are working together to create the right research programs for our state's energy future." "We believe the key to a secure energy future is the efficient an...

Liver regeneration may be simpler than previously thought

...ne which genes are active in a cells ?and software programs that analyze the collected information, the scientists listed all the proteins that help the cells grow and proliferate in both samples. The results were unexpected. The researchers noticed that only a few proteins were common to both processes....

New sucker-footed bat discovered in Madagascar

...h for establishing the priorities for conservation programs and assessments of presumed rare and possibly endangered animals, the study concludes. Due to the physical similarities between M. schliemanni and M. aurita, the researchers concluded that one species probably evolved from the other, most likely...

Novel antigen-cloning technique may boost efforts to develop a melanoma vaccine

... Molecular and Cellular Oncogenesis and Immunology programs at Wistar. "Most of the melanoma vaccines currently in development work to activate a type of white blood cell called cytotoxic T-lymphocytes, or CTL," says Herlyn. "Though CTL have the ability to destroy cancer cells, they don't have the ability ...

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(Date:8/29/2014)... at UC Davis have made some surprising discoveries ... Studying simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), the team found ... cells are early responders to viral invasion and ... a cytokine called interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β). , ... causes breakdown of the gut epithelium that provides ...
(Date:8/29/2014)... researcher from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston ... monoclonal antibodies can completely protect monkeys against a lethal dose ... a time when the disease is severe. , Thomas Geisbert, ... Nature discussing advances in Ebola treatment research. The ... the most deadly of pathogens, with fatality rates of up ...
(Date:8/29/2014)... news release is available in German . ... key players in the natural nitrogen cycle on Earth ... specialist bacteria were thought to depend on nitrite as ... led by Holger Daims, a microbiologist at the University ... use hydrogen as an alternative source of energy. The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The early cost of HIV 2Leading Ebola researcher at UTMB says there's an effective treatment for Ebola 2Hydrogen powers important nitrogen-transforming bacteria 2Hydrogen powers important nitrogen-transforming bacteria 3
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