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Prenatal Stress Keeps Infants, Toddlers up at Night, Study Says

... said lead author Thomas OConnor, Ph.D., associate professor of Psychiatry at the University of Rochester Medical Center. This is another piece in the unfolding mystery of just how much the prenatal environment may shape a childs health and development for years to come. The survey-based study, part of the ...

Carnegie Mellon scientists find key HIV protein makes cell membranes bend more easily

... said Stephanie Tristram-Nagle, associate research professor of biological physics at Carnegie Mellon. “This he...o Tristram-Nagle and her collaborator, John Nagle, professor of physics and biological sciences at Carnegie Mellon. The Carnegie Mellon scientists used X-rays t...

Scratch no more: Gene for itch sensation discovered

...ntified in the pain pathway," says Chen, associate professor of anesthesiology, psychiatry and molecular biology and pharmacology. "But itch research has lived in the shadow of pain research, and no one knew which gene was responsible for itching in the brain or in the spinal cord until now." In fact, Chen's ...

Identified main genetic variants involved in response to HIV

...rdinated by Javier Martínez-Picado, ICREA research professor in the Foundation irsiCaixa of Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, and Josep M. Miró, consultant of the Unit of Infectious Diseases and AIDS of Hospital Clínic-IDIBAPS of Barcelona, and had the collaboration of Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, and H...

Art and music for the birds

...onceptual sculptor Elizabeth Demaray, an assistant professor of fine arts at Rutgers University—Camden, is testing the musical tastes of our fine feathered friends with an exhibition featuring four 10-foot red perches offering what are considered to be the best in classical, rock, country, and jazz for local b...

Nicotine rush hinges on sugar in neurons

... and set a new paradigm,” said Lin Chen, associate professor of molecular and computational biology at USC. Many existing theories, which do not consider sugar’s role, are probably incomplete, Chen said. The debate over how signals pass from the outside of a cell to the inside is a long-standing one. Som...

Common cancer gene sends death order to tiny killer

... made. Josh Mendell, M.D., Ph.D., an assistant professor in the McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medic... cancer," says Anirban Maitra, M.B.B.S., associate professor of pathology, oncology and genetic medicine. Mendell and his team are looking for missing miR-34a...

Cellular message movement captured on video

...u Chien, the senior author of the BBRC paper and a professor of bioengineering at UCSD’s Jacobs School of Engineering. “But it’s really very complex and I’m not sure we’re covering much as yet. We certainly don’t know all the interactions among these molecules that bring the cell into action.” Examining liv...

Researchers discover inherited mutation for leukemia

... with hereditary CLL," says coauthor John C. Byrd, professor of internal medicine and a CLL specialist. "Th...s co-principal investigator Albert de la Chapelle, professor of molecular virology, immunology and medical genetics and a researcher with the Ohio State human ca...

Agent slows aging in mice

...ian life span in three laboratories,” says Miller, professor of pathology at the U-M Medical School and associate director of the U-M Geriatrics Center. Miller is also a research scientist at the Ann Arbor VA Medical Center. No significant difference occurred in female mice. The scientists can’t explain why...

Enzyme delivered in smaller package protects cells from radiation damage

...ord researchers, led by Joel S. Greenberger, M.D., professor and chair of the department of radiation oncology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, delivered the human MnSOD enzyme into mouse hematopoietic progenitor cells using a newly constructed gene therapy vector called a "minicircle" plasmid. ...

Brain inflammation may be friend, not foe, for Alzheimer's patients

...adviser, M. Kerry O’Banion, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of Neurobiology and Anatomy. Shaftel genetically e...ith Stephanos Kyrkanides, D.D.S., Ph.D., associate professor in the Eastman Department of Dentistry and an expert on using a class of viruses known as lentivirus...

Math that powers spam filters used to understand how brain learns to move our muscles

...he disabled or impaired. Reza Shadmehr, Ph.D., professor of biomedical engineering at Hopkins, who with his colleagues built the new model, says the artificial brain in the computer, like its natural counterpart, is guided in part by a special kind of statistical “probability” theory called Bayesian math. ...

Old memory traces in brain may trigger chronic pain

... understanding of the pain source, Vania Apkarian, professor of physiology, and of anesthesiology, at Northwestern’s Feinberg School of Medicine, has identified a drug that controls persistent nerve pain by targeting the part of the brain that experiences the emotional suffering of pain. The drug is D-Cycloser...

Discovery in orange cauliflower may lead to more nutritious crops

...rops for nutrition," said Li, an adjunct assistant professor in the Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics and a scientist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture -- Agricultural Research Service's U.S. Plant, Soil and Nutrition Laboratory at Cornell. "The research provides a possible new technique for geneti...

Modeling the restless brain

... be filtered out." Honey and Sporns, associate professor in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, took a close look at the spontaneous activity of the brain at rest. With their computational approach -- which involved creating a large-scale computer model of the brain of a macaque monkey -- t...

Simulations unravel outer membrane transport mechanism

Biochemistry professor Emad Tajkhorshid and graduate student James Gumbar... a structure like a beta-barrel, said biochemistry professor Emad Tajkhorshid, principal investigator on the study. “It’s very difficult to assess this experimen...

Crammed with charged DNA, pressure rises inside virus

...eate resistance,” said Douglas Smith, an assistant professor of physics at UCSD who headed the team that published the discovery this week in the early on-line edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “First, the DNA must be forced to bend. Second, the electrostatic repulsion of the DNA’s ...

Hormone helps mice 'hibernate,' survive starvation

...of inadequate nutrition,” said Dr. Steven Kliewer, professor of molecular biology and pharmacology at UT Southwestern and the study’s senior author. “We hope to manipulate this hormone-receptor signaling pathway to craft the next generation of drugs to combat human obesity and other conditions.” Mammals on ...

Dirty snow may warm Arctic as much as greenhouse gases

...e polar latitudes,” said Charlie Zender, associate professor of Earth system science at UCI and co-author of the study. “Dark soot can heat up quickly. It’s like placing tiny toaster ovens into the snow pack.” The study appears this week in the Journal of Geophysical Research. Dirty snow has had a signif...

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