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Tag: "productivity" at biology news

The secret lives of whales

... fluid environment they could move to new areas of productivity and find food even as the climate around them changed.?/p> Palumbi compares the ability to read genes to counting the rings of a tree ?but looking at the history of an entire population, not just an individual. “Knowing the history of populations...

Agilent Technologies releases automated literature search tool for biology researchers

...-rate." "Agilent is committed to accelerating the productivity of biologists," said Jim Hollenhorst, director of the Molecular Technologies Laboratory for Agilent Laboratories. "This literature search tool was developed within Labs to facilitate our own research collaborations and has proved very successful for ...

Live fast, die young true for forests too

...ed rainfall." Environmental changes that increase productivity of a given forest could lead to more rapid turnover of trees, decreasing the average age of trees. In the long run, such changes might affect wildlife populations that prefer younger or older forests, said van Mantgem. Stephenson and van Mantgem poi...

Oceans more vulnerable to agricultural runoff than previously thought, study finds

...important commercial fishing centers. "Biological productivity in most of the world's oceans is controlled by the...n an international effort to try to understand the productivity of the oceans and their potential vulnerability to nitrogen," said Pamela A. Matson, the dean of the...

Product improves peptide identification for proteomics research

...itative applications in which high performance and productivity are essential, particularly in proteomics research." "The LC/MSD Trap XCT Ultra is the latest example of Agilent's integrated approach to facilitating proteomics research, enabling researchers to solve their most challenging scientific questions mor...

Currents could disrupt ocean food chain

...ished in Nature. In a worst case scenario, global productivity of phytoplankton could decrease by as much as 20 percent and in some areas, such as the North Atlantic, the loss could hit 50 percent. The study was conducted by Andreas Schmittner, an assistant professor in the College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sci...

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: Many of 2 billion dryland dwellers at risk as land degrades

..."These practices eventually lead to decreased land productivity and a downward spiral of worsening degradation and poverty," says Prof. Safriel. An Environmental Danger of Unknown Scope Desertification diminishes plant and animal biodiversity, while flooding from denuded plains affects areas adjacent to dryland...

Beyond genes: Lipid helps cell wall protein fold into proper shape

...pport for scientists whose research competence and productivity are distinctly superior and who are likely to continue to perform in an outstanding manner, the NIGMS notes. MERIT (Method to Extend Research in Time) status essentially gives Dowhan a 10-year renewal to 2015 on his longstanding NIGMS grant "Structu...

Scientists and engineers apply nature's design to human problems

...ink about what our center could do to increase the productivity of the Tech 'ecosystem.'" As CBID encourages interaction among its initial 17 members, Yen expects an increase in biomimetic research ?that is, research in biologically inspired design. Already, however, biomimetic research projects are under way in...

Restaurant seafood prices since 1850s help plot marine harvests through history

...rds dating from the 1870s ?illuminating details of productivity in the North Sea 130 years ago; * How archaeologists are documenting the diminishing size of North Sea fish between the years 1000 and 1500, a sure sign of over-fishing, but that such pressure on stocks was temporary. Even the most exploited spec...

Removing egg from nest may help save endangered whooping crane

...k due to concerns that egg removals may reduce the productivity of the whooping crane population and that more generally, human intervention and disturbance should be minimized. Boyce's research found, however, that taking one egg away actually increases the probability of nest success. His paper--co-authored by ...

Some good news for the world's poor

...a large share of their income on food. Third, the productivity consequences of improved varieties resulted in greater demand for labor and wages. For example, earlier research found that the poor benefited from new technology as a result of greater employment opportunities as well as the upward pressure on wage ...

Anyway you slice it, tomatoes cut through drought with new gene

...ors suggest, "it will be necessary to increase the productivity of land already under cultivation and to regain the use of arable land lost to scarce water supplies." Hirschi and Gaxiola worked with Dr. Sunghun Park, also of the Vegetable and Fruit Improvement Center. "Our center is good at moving genes ...

New peptide antibiotic isolated from American oyster

...sus marinus) have caused major decreases in oyster productivity -- bacterial pathogens -- such as Vibrio vulnificus that can cause a food-borne illness are a human health concern, according to Noga. This is the first time that researchers have isolated an antimicrobial peptide from any oyster species, he says. ...

Amazon rainforest greens up in the dry season

...roductivity." Ecosystems with higher gross primary productivity take up and store more carbon in the form of carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas. "We can look at this increase in greenness as a measure of Amazon health, because in the disturbed areas we don't see the greenness increase during the dry season,"...

Alternatives to the use of nitrate as a fertiliser

...s necessary to find a balance between agricultural productivity and quality crops, while maintaining environmental...produce a decrease in plant growth and thereby the productivity of crops. A thorough knowledge of these questions enables a more rational use of fertilisers in farm...

Sun protection for plants

...r discoveries are now being applied to improve the productivity of bean farmers in South America and rice producer...ed, "To fully apply this research to improving the productivity of crops we need to understand how these processes relate to plant growth and development in field c...

New brain hormone puts brakes on reproduction

...e animal breeders with a new way to manipulate the productivity of livestock. The findings by Kriegsfeld and colleagues are reported this week in the online early edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The human reproductive system is regulated like a thermostat, with a number of hormones a...

Contaminants linked to sturgeon decline in Columbia river

...le decline in the number of young fish, indicating productivity is poor, especially in the impounded areas above dams. In the past, any decreases in population were thought to be linked to the presence of dams, which have changed the temperature and flow of the river. And despite fish ladders in place for salmon...

Biofuels can replace about 30 percent of fuel needs with significant research and policy effort

...them more efficient energy crops. But doubling the productivity of energy crops will mean identifying constraints and correcting them with genomic tools. To make biofuels a truly practical alternative to petroleum, the group says there will need to be significant improvements in how biofuel is processed. Their ...

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