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Tag: "preventing" at biology news

W.M. Keck Foundation funds study of friendly microbes

...mises to provide new ways of fortifying health and preventing or treating a variety of diseases both inside and outside of the gastrointestinal tract." ...

Newly-discovered class of genes determines ?and restricts ?stem cell fate

...ell what it should become and restrict its fate by preventing differentiation. The ability of a single biochemical factor or complex of factors to have this dual role may represent a new general paradigm for developmental and stem-cell biology. "My idea is that this is a new family of genes--they can both deter...

Combination therapy boosts effectiveness of telomere-directed cancer cell death

...omething in the cellseems to block their function, preventing them to inhibit completelythe telomerase. What to do then? Scrap the project? Look for somethingelse? Hell no! Look out for whats stopping the drug! Perseverance issometimes worth it, as we can see .A new research study published in the January issue...

GATA: a graphic alignment tool for comparative sequence analysis

...omething in the cellseems to block their function, preventing them to inhibit completelythe telomerase. What to do then? Scrap the project? Look for somethingelse? Hell no! Look out for whats stopping the drug! Perseverance issometimes worth it, as we can see .A new research study published in the January issue...

Improved Outcomes Releases GeneLinker(TM) Gold and Platinum Version 4.6

...in GeneSpring?7) providessignificant advantages by preventing over-training and reducing theeffect of bad samples by requiring consensus among multiple learners tomake predictions." said Mark Chatterley, VP Bioinformatics at IOS."Despite our new focus, we are still enhancing our products for geneexpression data...

NYU Study Reveals How Brain's Immune System Fights Viral Encephalitis

... in neurons fight the virus at multiple stages--by preventing the formation of viral RNA and proteins, and blocking the virus' release, which could infect other cells in the brain. "There is no magic bullet in fighting viral infections in neurons," said NYU Biology Professor Carol Shoshkes Reiss, the study's s...

Antibiotic Resistant Bacterium Uses Sonar-like Strategy to “See?Enemies or Prey

...the area, the first substance sticks tothe second, preventing it from reporting back to the Enterococcus, andas a result, no toxin is made. According to Gilmore, “These bacteriaare actively probing their environment for enemies or food. Based onwhether or not they ‘see?other cells, they make the toxinappropriat...

Why do insects stop 'breathing'? To avoid damage from too much oxygen, say researchers

...stems periodically to keep out excess oxygen, thus preventing damage to their tissues. Timothy Bradley, professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at UCI, and Stefan Hetz, assistant professor of physiology at Humboldt University, Germany, report their findings in the Feb. 3 issue of Nature. The insect resp...

Duke Chemists Isolating Individual Molecules Of Toxic Protein In Alzheimer's, Parkinson's Disease

...erstanding, they said, could lead to approaches to preventing plaque formation. The researchers led by Boris Akhremitchev are using the infinitesimal tip of a customized atomic force microscope (AFM) to capture, isolate and study single molecules, called monomers, that are the building blocks of the toxic prot...

Newly Discovered Compound Blocks Known Cancer-Causing Protein

...lasma membrane in order to function," he said. "By preventing Icmt from adding a methyl group, we can effectively shut down Ras' ability to function, stopping it from sending signals for uncontrolled growth." Initial experiments showed that knocking out the Icmt protein using genetic targeting also inhibited R...

Implanted Devices Detect High-Risk Heart Failure Patients

...cs). Implantable devices are the latest options in preventing arrhythmias that can lead to sudden death, with CRT-Ds being the latest technology. CRT-Ds perform two main functions. First, the devices electrically stimulate both sides of the heart in coordinated fashion, which optimizes the contractability of a...

New Insights Into HIV Immunity Suggest Alternative Approach to Vaccines

... frustrating result led me to ask if something was preventing these good antibodies from being made," Haynes said. "A light went on when I saw that the rare human monoclonal antibodies had physical characteristics very similar to autoantibodies found in autoimmune disease ?in other words, to the antibodies the...

NYU study reveals how brain's immune system fights viral encephalitis

... in neurons fight the virus at multiple stages--by preventing the formation of viral RNA and proteins, and blocking the virus' release, which could infect other cells in the brain. "There is no magic bullet in fighting viral infections in neurons," said NYU Biology Professor Carol Shoshkes Reiss, the study's s...

World-first Living Donor Islet Cell Transplant A Success; Procedure Offers Promise For Diabetics

...rtage of donor islet cells is the biggest obstacle preventing implementation for all patients who need it, Shapiro added. The mother of the diabetic daughter was in perfect health, while her daughter has been on the cadaver donors transplant list since September 2004. Before the surgery, the woman had been sub...

Gene Signatures Predict Interferon Response For Multiple Sclerosis Patients

...inhibiting cell division in neighboring cells—thus preventing the virus from reproducing—and triggering pathways that kill the infected cells. It's thought that interferon therapy may relieve symptoms associated with MS by correcting imbalances in the immune system that lead to disease. Interferon therapy produ...

Wisconsin researchers identify sleep gene

...li says. "The cell membrane will remain activated, preventing long periods of deep, non-REM sleep." The researchers say that the fly research translates to humans even more than they thought it would. "Humans have the same kind of genes and potassium channels. And we know that slow waves must be generated by c...

HIV vaccine trial breaks ground for future research

...le online. Although the vaccine was ineffective in preventing HIV infection, the trial represents a landmark in ...tudy. The vaccine was found not to be effective in preventing HIV infection; infection rates among those who were given the vaccine and those who were given place...

Polymers with copper show promise for implanted sensors

...mers to see if these materials are as effective at preventing clots as the nitric oxide-releasing polymers they developed earlier. Other questions to explore are how much of the raw materials for generating nitric oxide are present in blood, and whether the amount varies from one person to another. "The device...

Discovery Promises Simpler Therapy for Sickle Cell Disease

... and are instead geared toward minimizing pain and preventing infection, he added. In patients who become anemic, blood transfusions replenish the red blood cell supply in the body. The team further found that differences among patients in their ability to process nitric oxide in the blood correspond to the se...

Alzheimer's cognitive decline slowed

...rapy for a human neurological disease that acts by preventing cell death." In this first-ever gene therapy for Alzheimer's disease, UCSD physician-scientists took skin cells from eight patients diagnosed with early Alzheimer's disease. The tissue was modified in the lab to express nerve growth factor (NGF), a ...

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