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Tag: "preterm" at biology news

UF Researchers Map Bacterial Proteins That Cause Tooth Loss

...ven times more likely to deliver low-birth-weight, preterm babies. Proteins are important to study because they are the foundation of the cellular structure of every living organism, Lamont said. They carry on the day-to-day biology of life, going about their business as enzymes and antibodies. They can also...

How the environment could be damaging men's reproductive health

...yptorchidism was associated with low birth weight, preterm delivery, small gestational weight and other congenital abnormalities of the genitalia. An interesting significant risk factor was the father's weight; babies born to underweight fathers (body mass index less than 20kg/m2) were six times more likely ...

Harmful chemicals may reprogram gene response to estrogen

...ancy complications such as ectopic pregnancies and preterm deliveries, infertility, and a rare vaginal and cervical cancer called clear-cell adenocarcinoma. Other research conducted by NIEHS scientists indicates that women exposed to DES in utero have a higher risk of uterine fibroids. The National Institut...

New Estimates For The Causes Of Child Deaths Worldwide

... malaria (8%), neonatal sepsis or pneumonia (10%), preterm delivery (10%), and asphyxia at birth (8%). Rober...s, deaths in the neonatal period, primarily due to preterm delivery, sepsis or pneumonia, and birth asphyxia should also be addressed. The new estimates of the...

$5.1 billion would save 6 million children

...eat pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, neonatal sepsis, preterm delivery and asphyxia at birth, disorders that annually cause almost three-quarters of child deaths worldwide. The researchers calculate that a two-thirds reduction in child death can be accomplished by new resources that are easily within the capabi...

Major new UNC-based drinking water study suggests pregnancy fears may be overstated

...oked at exposure to these chemicals in relation to preterm births and did not find an association," Savitz said. "If anything, we found the opposite -- that higher-exposure populations had slightly lower risks. There was some indication, however, that reduced fetal growth might be associated with higher expo...

Boosting newborns' immune responses

...ha and IL-12 before birth because they can trigger preterm labor, while increasing production of adenosine and IL-6, which may have a protective effect on the pregnancy. In 1999, Levy discovered that newborns are deficient in a natural antibiotic called bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI),...

First link of oral bacteria and preterm birth found in human

... in the mouth and the amniotic fluid of a woman in preterm labor. Using new DNA finger-printing techniques ...resence of Bergeyella, came to MetroHealth when in preterm labor and dilated at 24 weeks. She was induced after it was determined by low glucose levels and el...

Prenatal nicotine exposure reduces breathing response of newborns...

... in the mouth and the amniotic fluid of a woman in preterm labor. Using new DNA finger-printing techniques ...resence of Bergeyella, came to MetroHealth when in preterm labor and dilated at 24 weeks. She was induced after it was determined by low glucose levels and el...

Research offers new hope for preterm babies

...is helping scientists better monitor the health of preterm babies. Scientists at the Monash Institute of Med...tween blood pressure and the amount of oxygen in a preterm baby's brain. "Many preterm babies suffer from low blood pressure, which reduces the oxygen supply ...

US infant mortality rate fails to improve

...cator of child health, including working to reduce preterm and low birthweight births." Birthweight and gest...igher infant mortality rates and increased risk of preterm and low birthweight births. The March of Dimes also urges women to take a multivitamin containing fo...

Molecules in blood foretell development of preeclampsia

...e disease or eclampsia against the consequences of preterm birth for the baby. In the current study, the re...they develop preeclampsia. In women who developed preterm preeclampsia, levels of soluble endoglin began to rise in the 17th to the 20th week of pregnancy. I...

New study: Preterm birth causes one-third of all infant deaths

... published today in Pediatrics, found that in 2002 preterm birth, birth at less than 37 completed weeks gesta... this research confirms the urgent role preventing preterm birth can play in improving infant mortality in the United States." The U.S. infant mortality rate ...

Improving outcomes in premature births

The costs due to complications from preterm birth are staggering. In Canada, outlays for specialized care of surviving preterm infants are estimated to be almost $2 billion per year. In a 5-year, randomized, placebo-controlled ...

Plastic that degrades in seawater could be boon for cruise industry and others

The costs due to complications from preterm birth are staggering. In Canada, outlays for specialized care of surviving preterm infants are estimated to be almost $2 billion per year. In a 5-year, randomized, placebo-controlled ...

Prenatal cocaine's lasting cellular effects

...use of other drugs -- can lead to premature labor, preterm birth and low birth weight, Stanwood said. "But in women who have abused relatively low recreational doses of cocaine, it is actually very hard to distinguish those children at birth from children born to anyone else," he said. "However, as thos...

3-D ultrasound identifies women at risk for impending preterm birth

...ysicians non-invasively identify women at risk for preterm birth, 3-D ultrasound was used to measure the size... that the ultrasound measurements could identify a preterm risk of delivery within five days of the measurement. "Our results suggest that examining the fet...

Premature births may be linked to seasonal levels of pesticides and nitrates in surface water

...iatrics. Dr. Winchester and colleagues found that preterm birth rates peaked when pesticides and nitrates me...I am seeing a growing number of birth defects, and preterm births, and I think we need to face up to environmental causes," said Dr Winchester, who is also dir...

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