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Tag: "prescription" at biology news

Could fungal collection hold the key to new life-saving drugs?

...worked with fungal cultures, there are a number of prescription drugs deriving from metabolites produced by fungi that have been on the market for many years. These include immunosuppressive agents, antibiotics such as penicillin, lipid lowering agents and anti-fungal drugs....

Chemical maps hint at drug's effects on schizophrenia

...abolism. Atypical antipsychotics, a newer group of prescription medications used to treat psychiatric conditions, have fewer side effects than the older antipsychotics, but several still induce weight gain and diabetes. Schizophrenic patients were found to have lower levels of the lipids used to make membranes...

Misclassified for centuries, medicinal leeches found to be 3 distinct species

...nd Drug Administration (FDA) in 2004, for use as a prescription medical device that helps restore blood flow following cosmetic and reconstructive surgery, Hirudo verbana has not been approved by the FDA and has no special conservation status. "This study is a great example of why the field of taxonomy [the sc...

Scientists sequence genome of parasite responsible for common sexually transmitted infection

...han five pounds) or premature infant. Although the prescription drugs metronidazole and tinidazole usually cure trichomoniasis, drug resistance has become an increasing concern. T. vaginalis is pear-shaped with thread-like flagella that propel its movement. Once it attaches to cells lining the host's urinary o...

Growth hormone is not the anti-aging bullet for healthy adults

...l review of existing evidence does not support the prescription of GH for anti-aging purposes. Growth hormone is among the most expensive of all hormones used for replacement therapy. One physician estimated that a year's supply for an adult with GH-deficiency caused by pituitary disease would cost between $7,...

FDA causes unnecessary scare about common painkillers

...t. "The FDA is adding 'black box' warnings to all prescription and over-the-counter pain relievers ?even to naproxen ?which the evidence shows is safe," said Furberg, who serves on the FDA Drug Safety and Risk Management Advisory Committee. "This is based on the false assumption that all nonsteroidal anti-inflam...

Hay fever can send work productivity down the drain

...d questionnaires from 577 people whose medical and prescription records showed a diagnosis of allergic rhinitis. Participants were asked about the severity and type of allergy symptoms they had, and whether or not they had seen a physician for treatment. The researchers placed participant responses into one of...

Chronic pain up almost 40 percent among US workers in past decade

... acupuncture and a variety of over-the-counter and prescription medications. Extended-release chronic pain medications, such as prescription ULTRAM® ER (tramadol HCl) extended-release tablets, taken once daily, have been shown to relieve mod...

New brain-chemistry differences found in depressed women

...n't eased by the end of the first month received a prescription for an increased dose of antidepressant. "Women who had more pronounced responses in their stress response mechanisms during brain imaging also showed alterations in hormones, like cortisol, that are sometimes over-secreted in depression," Zubiet...

Study highlights new and cheaper way to treat heroin addiction

...three and a half years, researchers found that the prescription painkiller dihydrocodeine is equally as effective as methadone to help drug users kick the habit. The research by the Universities of Edinburgh, Napier and Adelaide could have major implications for treatment programmes for drug users, which have ...

An artificial cornea is in sight, thanks to biomimetic hydrogels

...antable contact lenses that can be replaced if the prescription changes. Hydrogel lenses may even make their way deeper into the eye as replacements for inner-eye lenses damaged by cataracts. The researchers have filed four patents for ocular applications of the hydrogel. ...

Highly concentrated botulinum preparation for cosmetic injections can result in severe illness

...pe B). Although botulinum toxin A is available by prescription for cosmetic and therapeutic use, no cases of botulism with detectable serum toxin have previously been attributed to cosmetic or therapeutic botulinum toxin injections. On November 27, 2004, four suspected botulism case-patients with a link to cosme...

Study shows pine bark naturally decreases severe chronic venous insufficiency

...esults were significantly more successful then the prescription drug used for treating CVI," said Rohdewald. ...

Chocolate, wine, spicy foods may be OK for heartburn, Stanford study finds

...led with antacids and various over-the-counter and prescription medications have been the accepted first line of treatment. But Gerson, a practicing gastroenterologist and director of Stanford's Esophageal and Small Bowel Disorder Center, said the stream of "very unhappy" patients referred to her clinic by outsi...

Tetracycline plus teeth equal gray smile

...eatment protocol involves placing the patient on a prescription dose of fluoride toothpaste for two weeks in order to minimize tooth sensitivity from the whitening solutions. Then, the patient comes in for a one-hour tooth whitening session, where the enamel is painted with the whitening solution and "cured" unde...

Science finds new fix for UV-damaged skin in arthritis treatment

...lated skin damage in the future. Right now we have prescription and surgical options, which some people aren't willing to try," says Alexa Kimball, M.D., assistant professor of dermatology, Harvard Medical School and lead researcher on one of the studies testing glucosamine. "It's exciting to see this level of re...

COX-2 inhibitors significantly reduce risk of cancer

..., five-year study show that regular use of popular prescription pain relievers may reduce the risk of breast cancer by up to 71 percent and may offer similar benefit in the prevention of prostate, colon and lung cancers. The study findings were released today at the annual meeting of the American Association fo...

Computer scientist sorts out confusable drug names

... software helps to reduce even just 10 per cent of prescription errors in the U.S. that translates into helping a lot of people, and it's very satisfying to contribute to that." ...

Suicide risk does not increase when adults start using antidepressants, study finds

...hat rate was not higher in the one month after the prescription than in subsequent months. The study also found that newer antidepressants were associated with a faster decline in rates of suicidal behavior than older drugs. Adolescents in the study had more suicide attempts than adults. The researchers found th...

Psychotropic drug prescriptions for teens surge 250 percent over 7 year period

...vertising and looser promotion of off-label use of prescription drugs, according to a new Brandeis University stud...s to health care professionals which resulted in a prescription for a psychotropic drug occurred despite the fact that few psychotropic drugs, typically prescribed ...

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