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Tag: "prescribing" at biology news

UCLA Study Shows One-Third of Drug Ads in Medical Journals Do Not Contain References Supporting Medical Claims

..."Previous studies have shown that physicians' drug prescribing is influenced by pharmaceutical ads. We wanted to ...ed company document. Other sources included books; prescribing information such as the Physician's Desk Reference, which annually provides information on drug usag...

Gene variations explain drug dose required to control seizures

... a pharmacogenetic test might assist physicians in prescribing the drug dose that will balance short-term control of tremors with long-term drug side effects that eventually render the disease untreatable, he said. Patients' genetic makeup might also influence the dose of chemotherapy needed to successfully figh...

Medical whistleblowers speak out

...periences, explained how companies bought doctors' prescribing records so drug representatives knew "to the dime" what drugs doctors were prescribing and could tailor their marketing to them. Lenzer concludes in her account that each of these whistl...

Two studies document rise of superbugs in the environment

... has become a problem due in part to inappropriate prescribing and overuse of antibiotics. These drug-resistant "...ns, Dr. Pop-Vicas said, and should be judicious in prescribing antibiotics. Treating infections caused by MDR bacteria is "a therapeutic challenge," Dr. Pop-Vicas ...

Drug Offers Alternative to Surgical Treatment After Miscarriage

...he uterus. In recent years, physicians have begun prescribing misoprostol in place of surgery to women who have experienced a miscarriage. Until the current study, however, no large-scale studies have been undertaken to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the drug in treating miscarriage. “This is the fir...

Sleeping Sickness Epidemic Spreading in Uganda

...he uterus. In recent years, physicians have begun prescribing misoprostol in place of surgery to women who have experienced a miscarriage. Until the current study, however, no large-scale studies have been undertaken to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the drug in treating miscarriage. “This is the fir...

Agricultural antibiotic use contributes to 'super-bugs' in humans

...s. It is well known that a high rate of antibiotic prescribing in hospitals contributes to the emergence of drug resistant bacteria. But for some antibiotics, an even more important factor contributing to such emergence, argues a team of researchers in the open access international medical journal PLoS Medicine,...

Prescription pain patch abuse blamed for increase in deaths

...ul for raising awareness of the need for educating prescribing physicians on the importance of screening and monitoring their patients for addictive disorders in order to help decrease the abuse of the patch." ...

Reducing antibiotic use lowers rates of drug-resistant bacteria

...ecoming a problem due to overuse and inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics. Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria,...rs. The prescription-reduction method involved not prescribing antibiotics for respiratory tract infections that were thought to be viral, since antibiotics work a...

Is it Possible to Change Prescribing Habits?

...impact of using computerized alerts to improve the prescribing of medications in the outpatient setting. Studies have shown that 18%?5% of patients might have an ADE in the outpatient environment. This study evaluated a CPOE system alongside an integrated computer-based clinical-decision support system. It focu...

Children overprescribed antibiotics for sore throat

...of children who received an antibiotic. Antibiotic prescribing decreased from 66 percent of visits in 1995 to 54 ...his decrease was attributable to a decrease in the prescribing of recommended antibiotics (49 percent to 38 percent). Physicians performed a GABHS test in 53 perce...

Whole-genome study at Johns Hopkins reveals a new gene associated with abnormal heart rhythm

...fy predisposed individuals can save their lives by prescribing beta-blockers and other drugs that regulate heart rhythm, and even by implanting automatic defibrillators in those with the highest risk. In an effort to identify risk factors with a genetic foundation, the researchers took the unconventional approa...

Less antibiotic use in food animals leads to less drug resistance in people, study shows

... to drugs is generally attributed to inappropriate prescribing or overuse of antibiotics. An Australian solution to the drug resistance problem has been to prohibit the use of certain antibiotics, called fluoroquinolones, in food animals such as poultry. Such a policy puts Australia in a relatively unique posi...

Study indicates dramatic rise in antibiotic-resistant community-acquired staph infections

...ue infections." This represents a major change in prescribing practices for community-onset skin and soft tissue infections. Dr. Blumberg's team included first author Mark King, MD, MSc, previously an infectious diseases fellow and faculty member at Emory as well as Dr. Susan Ray, an associate professor of m...

Psychotropic drug prescriptions for teens surge 250 percent over 7 year period

...and Management. "There is an alarming increase in prescribing these drugs to teens, and the reasons for this tre...veruse of these drugs. "The dramatic increase in prescribing of psychotropic medications is of considerable concern, particularly because these medications are n...

World-wide warning of highly drug-resistant tuberculosis

...y managed care and control of the disease. Poor prescribing practices, low drug quality (or erratic supply) and poor adherence to drugs can all contribute to this resistance to drugs. Where HIV rates are high, this allows particularly rapid spread of the disease within hospital settings and the community. ...

Study highlights new and cheaper way to treat heroin addiction

...hat while there were less restrictions attached to prescribing dihydrocodeine tablets, it is still essential that treatment regimes are controlled and tailored to the individual. "We want to engage young people in a treatment programme which stops them from injecting drugs and running the risk of infection," ...

Controlling antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in hospitals

...chnology available to support decisions related to prescribing antibiotics such as start and stop rules and how to use the best drug," said Dr. Doebbeling. Prescription of antibiotics fall into three categories (1) preventive, often administered before or during surgery; (2) empiric - prescribed before the ph...

Free drug samples influence prescribing, say one in three doctors

...e "gifts" would still influence the other doctors' prescribing decisions more than it would theirs. Most doctors said they distributed the free drug samples to their patients to help them out financially or for their convenience. Less than two thirds did so because they felt the drug in question was particular...

Stress hormones may play new role in speeding up cancer growth

...a new approach to possibly fight some cancers ?the prescribing of beta-blocker-type drugs that would block these receptors and perhaps slow the progression of the disease," Glaser said. "Using this approach may not cure this cancer but perhaps we could slow down its growth, making the tumor more sensitive to ...

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