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Tag: "poorest" at biology news

Double the death rate from cirrhosis for 'blue collar' men

... cask wine is often the beverage of choice for the poorest and most marginalised people." The study's findings dovetail with another paper recently published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organisation by Professor Najman and co-authors, Dr Ghasem Toloo and Dr Victor Siskind, urging the need for mor...

Failure to meet United Nations sanitation target could affect millions of the world's poorest

...argets." On the other hand, some of the world's poorest countries have made impressive strides toward the targets, she said. In Myanmar, for example, where the 2005 per capita gross domestic product was only about $1,700, the sanitation target has already been met. According to Davis, political commitment...

Cornell researcher helping develop quick, cheap HIV/AIDS test

...ing world. It could help HIV/AIDS sufferers in the poorest countries get appropriate treatment to extend their lives, possibly by as much as 10 to 15 years. The work is part of an $8.6 million international consortium, called the CD4 Initiative, led by Imperial College in London and funded by the Bill and M...

SARS: No evidence that any of the treatments worked

...rrhoea, Shigella, appears to be more common in the poorest communities of Asia than previously thought. Antibiotic-resistant strains were also found to have emerged. Based on their findings, the Korea-based researchers, writing in PLoS Medicine, call for more efforts to reduce the number of cases. Citation:...

Public Library of Science to launch new, open access journal on neglected tropical diseases

...d tropical diseases strike millions of the world's poorest people in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Latin America. They stunt children's growth and educational development, and result in suffering and poverty by causing lifelong disabilities, disfigurement, and social stigma. More information on neglected t...

High levels of blindness in southern Sudan following years of war

...an is the largest country in Africa and one of the poorest in the world. The southern region of the country is very remote and was devastated by a civil war that went on for nearly half a century, with only short intervals of peace. An international team of researchers conducted a survey in May 2005 in M...

New flood-tolerant rice offers relief for world's poorest farmers

...ncrease foodsecurity for 70 million of the world's poorest people, and may reduceyield losses from weeds in a...ans, and each yearmillions of small farmers in the poorest areas of the world losetheir entire crops to flooding," said Pamela Ronald, a ricegeneticist and cha...

Birth defects: 8 million annually worldwide

...irth defects prevalence is found among the world's poorest countries, whereas many of the lowest rates are found among the world's wealthier countries." Worldwide, the birth prevalence of all genetic birth defects combined range from a high of 82 per 1,000 live births in low-income regions to a low of 39.7 ...

Some good news for the world's poor

...n several studies. This is critical given that the poorest people spend a large share of their income on food. Third, the productivity consequences of improved varieties resulted in greater demand for labor and wages. For example, earlier research found that the poor benefited from new technology as a resul...

A New Era of Hope for the World's Most Neglected Diseases

...eases have much in common: they affect the world's poorest people (and are a cause of poverty); they are disabling, disfiguring, and stigmatizing; there is a shortage of safe and effective treatments; and affected patients have represented the lowest-priority markets for Western pharmaceutical manufacturers....

Fighting malaria by manipulating mosquitoes' sense of smell

...t kill millions of people each year in the world's poorest countries. It is funded with a $450 million commitment from Gates Foundation, $27.1 from the Wellcome Trust, and $4.5 million from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). The initiative is managed by global health experts at the Foundation...

Measuring hidden parasites in falciparum malaria

...e world's population, mostly living in the world's poorest countries, is at risk of malaria. In the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, malaria causes 300 million acute illnesses and at least 1 million deaths annually. Estimates of plasma PfHRP2 concentrations may be useful as a research tool t...

UN: World in big ecological mess

...uld have increased by $100 billion. * The world's poorest people suffer most from ecosystem changes. The regions facing significant problems of degradation ?sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, some regions in Latin America, and parts of South and Southeast Asia ?also face the greatest challenges in achieving ...

Study of energy and health in Africa focuses spotlight on charcoal and forest management

...ic cost to most African nations - collectively the poorest region of the globe - of that switch is impossible." Majid Ezzati, assistant professor of international health at the Harvard School of Public Health and a co-author of the paper, added that "it's also a lot easier to disseminate charcoal in large s...

The BIOS Initiative - open source biotechnology is born

...tiative ?that will enable researchers, even in the poorest countries in the world, to be partners in the choice and development of the crop improvement technologies best suited to their own priorities", says Richard Jefferson, founder and CEO of CAMBIA and Adjunct Professor at Charles Sturt University (CSU)....

Scientists collaborate to assess health of global environment

... said. Making matters worse, he added, the world's poorest people stand to lose the most from environmental change, because they depend heavily on ecosystem services. In some places, such as sub-Saharan Africa, environmental change is the principal factor causing poverty, according to the assessment. Implic...

Deficient DNA Repair Capacity Associated With Increased Risk Of Breast Cancer

...cancer was three times higher among women with the poorest DNA repair capacity compared with those with the highest. "[T]hese data support the hypothesis that deficient DNA repair capacity is associated with susceptibility to breast cancer and may be a valuable in vitro biomarker to identify high-risk subje...

New push for public health, AIDS spending at African Union summit

...n devoted to the fight against AIDS on the world's poorest continent, home to nearly two-thirds of the 39.4 million people worldwide infected with HIV or AIDS. The World Health Organisation (WHO) says just 310,000 people in Africa were being treated with a cocktail of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs that inhibit...

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