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Tag: "pneumonia" at biology news

Discovery of key protein's shape could lead to improved bacterial pneumonia vaccine

...hildren from this infection,?Tuomanen said.Current pneumonia vaccines designed to protect adults against more thantwo dozen strains of S. pneumoniae do not work in young children. Adultvaccines are composed of pieces of carbohydrates naturally appearing onthe surface of these bacteria. When used in a vaccine, ...

New comparative toxicogenomics database

...hildren from this infection,?Tuomanen said.Current pneumonia vaccines designed to protect adults against more thantwo dozen strains of S. pneumoniae do not work in young children. Adultvaccines are composed of pieces of carbohydrates naturally appearing onthe surface of these bacteria. When used in a vaccine, ...

New lab technique identifies high levels of pathogens in therapy pool

...sitivity pneumonitis, a lung condition that mimics pneumonia symptoms. The study was published in the March 14 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The paper was authored by Lars Angenent of Washington University; Norman Pace, Mark Hernandez and Allison Amand of CU-Boulder; and Scott ...

New Estimates For The Causes Of Child Deaths Worldwide

...hat occur annually are attributable to six causes: pneumonia (19%), diarrhoea (18%), malaria (8%), neonatal sepsis or pneumonia (10%), preterm delivery (10%), and asphyxia at birth (8%). Robert Black (Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sc...

Measuring hormone cuts antibiotic use in half in pneumonia patients

...can help doctors greatly reduce the number of days pneumonia patients have to take antibiotics to cure their in...International Conference on May 24. In the study, pneumonia patients whose level of the hormone procalcitonin was measured during the course of their illness to...

Chemical Engineer Kao Explores Antibiotic Synthesis With DNA Chips

...n to treat bronchitis, diphtheria, whooping cough, pneumonia and other conditions. Reverse engineering involves taking something apart to see how it works. For Kao, it means asking how one strain of Saccharopolyspora erythraea produces ten times the erythromycin of normal strains. The answer, it seems, lies n...

Community MRSA is re-emergence of 1950s pandemic, study suggests

...us aureus bacteria caused skin lesions, sepsis and pneumonia in children and young adults around the world. This pandemic of both hospital and community acquired infections waned throughout the 1960s as the antibiotic meticillin was used to treat these infections. Now researchers have shown that one of the ke...

Late peak may have prevented severe flu season from becoming worse

...cted in hospital admissions for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), one of the most common complications of the flu. Solucient analyzed CAP discharge data from October 2002 through March 2005. The data was provided by ACTrackerTM, an online tool that provides national estimates of hospital and drug utilization...

Device traps, disables harmful bacteria

...sitivity pneumonitis, a lung condition that mimics pneumonia symptoms. This forced the pool to shut down. It is now reopened. Lars T. Angenent, Ph.D., Washington University assistant professor of chemical engineering, and the Colorado engineers mounted three high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) ultraviolet ...

Bacteria can survive for weeks on hospital surfaces

...n infections to serious surgical wound infections, pneumonia or blood infections. "The potential of MRSA to be transferred from person to person, in large part, depends on its ability to survive on environmental surfaces," says researcher Kris Owens of Ecolab, Inc. in Mendota Heights, Minnesota. For the stud...

MRSA study demonstrates need for frequent hand washing and environmental disinfection in health care settings

...n infections to serious surgical wound infections, pneumonia or blood infections. "The potential of MRSA to be transferred from person to person, in large part, depends on its ability to survive on environmental surfaces," says researcher Kris Owens of Ecolab, Inc. in Mendota Heights, Minnesota. For the stud...

Defective Gene Linked to Two Inherited Immune Deficiencies

...tions result in a person being more susceptible to pneumonia and to recurring infections of the ear, sinus and gastrointestinal tract. People with CVID also have an increased risk of developing cancers that affect B cells, cells that produce antibodies. Furthermore, IgA deficiency and CVID can predispose to au...

Agreement will speed research on microbicides for women

...tions result in a person being more susceptible to pneumonia and to recurring infections of the ear, sinus and gastrointestinal tract. People with CVID also have an increased risk of developing cancers that affect B cells, cells that produce antibodies. Furthermore, IgA deficiency and CVID can predispose to au...

Biologists Crack Genetic Code for Specialized Spider Silk

...tions result in a person being more susceptible to pneumonia and to recurring infections of the ear, sinus and gastrointestinal tract. People with CVID also have an increased risk of developing cancers that affect B cells, cells that produce antibodies. Furthermore, IgA deficiency and CVID can predispose to au...

Zinc supplements safe for HIV-infected children

...is known to decrease the frequency of diarrhea and pneumonia in uninfected children. The study is published in the November 26, 2005, issue of The Lancet. "We set out to look at the safety and impact of zinc supplements in children with HIV. Not only did we learn that zinc is safe for these children, but we a...

Brazilians sequence genes of pig and poultry killers

...nst the bacteria. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae causes pneumonia in pigs and costs the Brazilian pig-breeding industry US$200 million each year. Mycoplasma synoviae is a related bacterium that causes respiratory disease in chickens and turkeys. The researchers also identified the genetic sequence of a non-pathoge...

New vaccine platform may fight infections with causes from influenza to bioterrorism

... their approach could protect against pneumocystis pneumonia in mice lacking the same population of immune cells that HIV destroys in humans. The vaccine platform developed by Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh researchers, working in collaboration with researchers from the University of Pittsburgh and Louisian...

Reducing antibiotic use lowers rates of drug-resistant bacteria

...oats, and can result in ear infections, sinusitis, pneumonia and even meningitis. Many pneumococcal infections are treated with penicillin, but resistance to the drug is making the microbes more difficult to control. Researchers in France tested two intervention methods intended to reduce the rate of carriag...

Pillows - a hot bed of fungal spores

...quently affected with life-threatening Aspergillus pneumonia and sinusitis. Fortunately, hospital pillows have plastic covers and so are unlikely to cause problems, but patients being discharged home - where pillows may be old and fungus-infected - could be at risk of infection. Aspergillus can also worsen...

Genes involved in biofilms

...fections of the middle ear, of the prostate gland, pneumonia in patients with cystic fibrosis, osteomyelitis, etc. In the interior of the biofilm, bacteria present greater resistance to antibiotics, to the opsonisation by antibodies and to phagocytosis, which explains the chronic character of these infection...

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