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Tag: "places" at biology news

Salty oceans provide early warning for climate change

...oceans around South Africa and New Zealand are the places to watch. Palaeoclimate data shows that the ocean’s currents (like the Gulf Stream and its North Atlantic deep water partner) are capable of shifting gears very suddenly, but until now it wasn’t clear how this occurred. Using a combination of modern...

Sun exposure early in life linked to specific skin cancer gene mutation

...ir risk factors for melanoma and about the various places they had lived. Each patient's UV sun exposure was estimated from their residential history and satellite-base measurements. DNA from the patients' melanomas was then analyzed for mutations. Patients with melanomas that contained the BRAF mutation...

Researchers examine carbon capture and storage to combat global warming

...ide underground. ''You need to carefully select places that won't leak, and do a good job of engineering the injection systems and paying attention to where the carbon dioxide is actually going,'' Orr said. While a thorough technical understanding of the risks will reveal best practices, the scientist...

Australian wins prestigious prize in biodiversity informatics

...omputer-based ecological modeling to help identify places where lots of species occur together, or species that occur only in very restricted geographical areas. This helps biodiversity scientists be more efficient in their efforts to discover and conserve species. The GBIF Science Committee noted when...

Prey not hard-wired to fear predators

...crease efforts to re-introduce large carnivores to places where they have been exterminated. Berger’s study is published in the latest issue of the journal Conservation Biology. The goal of re-introduction isn’t simply to save a species; it is to restore the natural functions of wild places. When the p...

The mouflons of the Kerguelen archipelago

...rritories. These islands, one of the most isolated places on Earth, house a military base and a science station. In 1957, the local authorities decided to offer residents the opportunity to hunt mouflons (a type of wild sheep). A pair of Corsican mouflons was imported from the Vincennes Zoo in Paris. Initia...

Global survey of lizards reveals greater abundance of animals on islands than on mainland ecosystems

...s between islands if islands are to remain special places to visit.? ...

Egyptians, not Greeks were true fathers of medicine

...e routes, purposeful cultivation, trade centres or places of treatment," said Dr Metcalfe. "The work is inextricably linked to state-of-the-art chemical analyses used by my colleague Judith Seath, who specialises in the essential oils and resins used by the ancient Egyptians." Professor Rosalie David,...

100 percent of pregnant women have at least one kind of pesticide in their placenta

...uestions on the general data of the parents, their places of residence, profession, medical history, anthropometric information, age, tobacco habits, lifestyle and diet during pregnancy, among other factors. The study made at the UGR [ http://www.ugr.es ] has facilitated research into the association of ...

Better health twice as likely for nonsmokers who live and work with smoking restrictions

...g cessation among smokers. Since smoke-free public places appear to facilitate the adoption of smoke-free homes, and as smoke-free air legislation spreads, a rise in protection from secondhand smoke at home can be expected. "However, this does not, preclude the need to take a proactive approach to increasi...

In young mice, gregariousness seems to reside in the genes

...ct the possibility of a social encounter and avoid places where they have experienced social isolation. "They like company. That's the point," says Garet Lahvis, of the gregarious strain of mouse. Lahvis is a professor of surgery in the UW School of Medicine and Public Health and the senior author of the...

Natural antibiotics yield secrets to atom-level imaging technique

...ly line of defense, battling microbes at the first places they try to penetrate: skin, mucous membranes and other surfaces. They're copiously produced in injured or infected frog skin, for instance, and the linings of the human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts also crank out the short proteins in res...

Tibetan antelope slowly recovering, WCS says

...n expected. This may indicate an increase in some places for this endangered species, according to Schaller. At the same time, the team witnessed no direct evidence of the widespread poaching that was evident just a few years ago. "China has made a major effort to control poaching," said Schaller. "...

Paper challenges 1491 Amazonian population theories

...new tool. The study needs to be replicated in more places before people will be persuaded, but it's certainly a warning shot across the bow." "While the majority of archaeologists argue the rivers were the major conduit for populations," he adds, "there is an increasing vocalization that there was much ...

Imaging pinpoints brain regions that 'see the future'

... future-oriented images in the context of familiar places (e.g. home, school) and familiar people (e.g. family, friends), which would require the reactivation of those images from neural networks responsible for the storage and retrieval of autobiographical memories. Conversely, the neural networks asso...

LIAI completes world's most comprehensive analysis on influenza virus data

...act awarded by the NIAID in 2004. The database places particular emphasis on emerging infectious diseases, such as West Nile virus, along with those diseases considered potential bioterrorist threats. The database's influenza research was analyzed first due to the continuing problem of seasonal influen...

Cold sore virus might play role in Alzheimer's disease

...he virus becomes active, traveling from its hiding places in the nervous system to cells around the mouth, damaging cells and causing cold sores. It was this cycle of activity and latency that Miller and Federoff focused on while looking at the brain cells of mice with different forms of the ApoE gene. T...

Antifungal drug kills TB bug

...chester Interdisciplinary Biocentre. "People in places like India or Africa would be given antibiotics but often not in sufficient quantities to kill the bug completely; this is how resistant strains develop and these regions have become huge breeding grounds for these ‘super strains?" Funded by the E...

Indicators for risk of heart disease are higher in passive smokers

...eing exposed to tobacco smoke at work, the primary places for long-term exposure. Researchers found the l...d smoke such as banning smoking in enclosed public places and workplaces," Dr Venn added. A smoking ban applying to all UK public spaces comes into force o...

New findings blow a decade of assumptions out of the water

...dust, Deutsch says. The new research also means places where nitrogen is being fixed by certain microorganisms are in close proximity to where it is being pulled back apart into its gaseous state by a different kind of micoorganism, he says. Nitrogen gas, N2, is unusable by life. It has to be fixed, t...

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