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Tag: "pharmaceuticals" at biology news

Breakthrough method in nanoparticle synthesis paves the way for new pharmaceutical and biomedical applications

...otentially have a significant impact on the chiral pharmaceuticals industry, a fast-growing sector which generated US$143 billion sales in 2003. Other applications of IBN’s nanoporous nanoparticles involve therapeutic treatments like targeted drug delivery and gene therapy. Nanoparticles of varying size and structu...

Examination of internal 'wiring' of yeast, worm, and fly reveals conserved circuits

...eukaryotic cells, and the idea that more selective pharmaceuticals could be designed to tweak the wiring plan of human cells to more effectively treat diseases while also generating fewer side-effects. "We're basically now able to open the hood of yeast, worm, and fly cells and look at the protein interactions insi...

Scientists discover how plants disarm the toxic effects of excessive sunlight

...nd to singlet oxygen. We may now be able to design pharmaceuticals that target this response, and ultimately may help us mitigate disease." Donohue's co-authors on his study were a microbiology graduate student, Jennifer Anthony, and a bacteriology undergraduate, Kristin Warczak. The project was supported by a gran...

Defenseless plants arm themselves with metals

...common plant compound and the active ingredient in pharmaceuticals like aspirin and acne medications - governs this pathway. When faced with a fungus or bacteria, most plants turn up their production of salicylic acid, which then interacts with other molecules in the plant, eventually turning on the genes that prod...

Brain May Be Less Plastic Than Hoped

...ut in the macaque, you can design lesions and test pharmaceuticals to sort out what kind of reorganization the brain is capable of after, say, a stroke. It's a powerful way to stimulate and study reorganization that may turn out to be beneficial in the future.?/p>...

Breakthrough: Scientists create world's tiniest organic particles

...to create particles for carrying genetic material, pharmaceuticals and other compounds of unprecedented small size and uniformity. The tiny bits are so small they can be designed and constructed to measure only a hundred nanometers or so in diameter. A nanometer is a billionth of a meter. Leading the group is Dr. J...

Fluorescing lab worms signal longer life spans

...an be increased. Although interventions involving pharmaceuticals and other treatments clearly have a substantial effect on human longevity, many believe that the primary key to longer and healthier lives may involve genetic manipulation, said Rea. "But genes and environment are not the entire answer," he said. "Cl...

Rensselaer researchers develop approach that predicts protein separation behavior

...ing approach may reduce the time it takes to bring pharmaceuticals to market and may have significant implications for an array of biotechnology applications, including bioprocessing, drug discovery, and proteomics, the study of protein structure and function. "Predictive modeling is a new approach to drug discove...

Membrane research opens window to benefits for plants, humans

... and flood-ridden crops. It also could lead to new pharmaceuticals that specifically target these proteins. "The kidneys are responsible for maintaining a water balance in the body," said Swedish co-author Per Kjellbom in a Lund University news release. "If we can identify a chemical compound that can close the aqu...

New U. of Colorado at Boulder flu chip may help combat future epidemics, pandemics

...ion, vaccine development, the wide availability of pharmaceuticals and planning for possible local quarantine events. During the "Spanish Flu" pandemic of 1918-1919, between 20 million and 40 million people died from influenza in less than a year and an estimated one-fifth of the world's population became infected....

Chemical warfare agent detection technology used to treat lung disease

...omplex mixtures and structural characterisation of pharmaceuticals and biomolecules. ...

Do plants have the potential to vaccinate against HIV?

... door to cheaper biopharmaceuticals. Plant-derived pharmaceuticals are of great interest because of their enormous potential for economy and scale of production. This technology could lead to production of modern medicines that will also be accessible to poor populations in developing countries ?which is where these...

AIDS drug from sunflowers

...ide-effects from such integrase inhibitors. In the pharmaceuticals industry they are therefore seen as the great white hope for a completely new class of AIDS drugs. Initial clinical tests seem to confirm DCQA's potential. 'We need these substances to expand our arsenal of effective weapons against the disease,' Dr...

When the going gets tough, slime molds start synthesizing

...ploited this fact to discover the vast majority of pharmaceuticals used to treat disease today. "The major fundamental question in our case is why do organisms make chemicals, what role do these molecules play in nature and how does the cellular machinery used to make them evolve over millions of years to provide ne...

Cells use mix-and-match approach to tailor regulation of genes

...ientists eager to help develop a new generation of pharmaceuticals are studying cellular proteins called transcription factors, which bind to upstream sequences of genes to turn the expression of those genes on or off. Some pharmaceutical companies are also hoping to develop drugs that selectively block the binding ...

Protect patients from exploitation by alternative medicines industry

...nts is that they are not subject to the testing of pharmaceuticals because they are classified as food supplements. So why do patients take alternative medicines" Why is science disregarded" How can it be that treatments that don’t work are regarded as life saving" Waxman believes that it is because the comple...

Engineer ramps up protein production, develops versatile viral spheres

... "We want to make proteins that are important as pharmaceuticals and for other uses," says Swartz, a professor of c...n diameter, will form the basis for a new class of pharmaceuticals and a new class of materials," Swartz says. "For example, to date we've been seriously limited in ou...

BC catalyst discovery promises faster, cheaper drug production

...ke it possible for scientists to produce scores of pharmaceuticals and other chemicals in a faster, less expensive way. In a letter published in the Sept. 7 issue of the journal Nature, a team led by professors Amir Hoveyda and Marc Snapper of the Boston College Chemistry Department said they had found a first-of-i...

Pharmaceutical compounds found in nation's fresh water

...e May/June 2007 issue of the journal Ground Water, pharmaceuticals are being found in septic tanks and, consequential...reening-level study investigated the occurrence of pharmaceuticals in areas receiving waste water from septic tanks located in sand and gravel deposits in Missoula, Mo...

OHSU lab finds meth receptor that could lead to therapy

...ngs will eventually lead to the development of new pharmaceuticals that reduce dependence on and craving for methamphetamine." The study is published in the April edition of the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Earlier research in the Grandy laboratory demonstrated that meth and amphetami...

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