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Tag: "outbreaks" at biology news

Computers to be used to find blueprint for new influenza drug

...ness which puts us in bed for a few days. But some outbreaks can cause death on a large scale ?the world-wide outbreak in 1918 killed more people than the First World War itself. We may now be facing another flu outbreak, this time originating from chickens in Asia. “If we are successful, we will have taken i...

Study Links Ebola Outbreaks To Animal Carcasses

All recent Ebola virus outbreaks in humans in forests between Gabon and the Republi...001 and June 2003, researchers noted that wildlife outbreaks occurred prior to five human outbreaks in the same relative locations. During this same period, 98 a...

Learning to fight an adversary that won't stay down

...st extend beyond the newspaper headlines reporting outbreaks of these "superbugs," so that we can put the role of these organisms in the proper evolutionary perspective. This subject, and antibiotic resistance in particular, has fascinated Davies since he began postdoctoral work on antibiotics and resistance m...

Researchers reveal the infectious impact of salmon farms on wild salmon

... and measure the impact of a fish farm on sea lice outbreaks in wild salmon. The study combined new field techniques that allowed comprehensive, individual observations of over 5,500 young wild pink and chum salmon over 60 km of migration route; an enormous data set from months of laborious fieldwork; and stat...

NIAID Initiates Trial of Experimental Avian Flu Vaccine

...emic could follow. Influenza pandemics are global outbreaks that emerge infrequently and unpredictably and involve strains of virus to which humans have little or no immunity. H5N1 is one such flu virus strain. The last influenza pandemic swept the globe in 1968; many public health officials believe the world...

No relief for Pacific Northwest drought

...and summer indicate huge forest and rangeland fire outbreaks in northeastern Oregon and southeastern Washington, and more isolated but severe fire potential in forests near Eugene, Roseburg, Bend and the Portland area in Oregon. Other severe fires are forecast for parts of southwestern Idaho and parts of Mont...

Marburg haemorrhagic fever in Angola update

...ase fatality rate higher than 90%. For comparison, outbreaks of the closely related Ebola haemorrhagic fever ha...y of 83%. Two factors make the rapid detection of outbreaks of Marburg haemorrhagic fever difficult: the extreme rarity of this disease and its similarity to ot...

Biologists discover why 10% of Europeans are safe from HIV

...pe were not a directly infectious disease but were outbreaks of bubonic plague, overturning an accepted belief that had stood for 550 years. Professor Duncan and Dr Scott illustrated in their book, Return of the Black Death (2004, Wiley), that this idea was incorrect and the plagues of Europe (1347-1660) were ...

First North American Encapsulated Islet Transplant without Long-term Immune Suppression into a Patient with Type 1 Diabetes

...pe were not a directly infectious disease but were outbreaks of bubonic plague, overturning an accepted belief that had stood for 550 years. Professor Duncan and Dr Scott illustrated in their book, Return of the Black Death (2004, Wiley), that this idea was incorrect and the plagues of Europe (1347-1660) were ...

Oceans more vulnerable to agricultural runoff than previously thought, study finds

...ies in the gulf. Red tides, for example, can cause outbreaks of life-threatening diseases, such as paralytic shellfish poisoning, which can shut down mussel and clam harvesting for long periods of time. Another concern is hypoxia, or oxygen depletion, caused by excessive algae growth. As the algal mass sinks,...

Norovirus found to cause traveler's diarrhea

...us, a common cause of nonbacterial gastroenteritis outbreaks usually associated with developed countries, accor...major cause of food and waterborne gastroenteritis outbreaks in domestic and unique settings, such as cruise ships, and also have been documented among military ...

WHO suspends Marburg work, appeals for new funds

...ch reactions, which have been seen during previous outbreaks of the closely related Ebola haemorrhagic fever. Two medical anthropologists are already in Uige and will be joined shortly by experts in social mobilization from Angola, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Mozambique. Public compliance with contro...

Rabies spread speeds up

...ng the spatial dynamics of the disease - where new outbreaks might occur and how the virus might spread. In a new study reported in the freely-available online journal PLoS Biology, Real and colleagues apply a mathematical model to predict the likely spread of rabies across Ohio - a potential gateway for sprea...

Ebola virus: from wildlife to dogs

...These kill 80 % of the people infected. Seven such outbreaks have hit Gabon and the Republic of Congo since 199...ecessary to assess the role of dogs in Ebola fever outbreaks and take this risk into account in epidemic-control measures. These animals could furthermore be use...

Discovery could be key to bioterrorism defense

...han 100 people. Last year, two further Nipah virus outbreaks occurred in Bangladesh, killing roughly 75% of those infected. Scientists are disturbed by the fact that many of these recent cases involved human-to-human transmission of Nipah, which originates in bats. Ephrin-B2 is found on cells in the central n...

UN pours polio vaccine into Yemen amid outbreak

...NICEF said. "Experience shows that sporadic polio outbreaks in previously polio-free countries, such as Yemen and Indonesia, can be stopped quickly, provided high-quality immunization campaigns are implemented rapidly. While these events strain the financial resources of the global eradication effort, they do...

Fragile US vaccine system needs improvement despite dramatic gains in health over past century

...threaten to lead to decreased vaccine coverage and outbreaks of vaccine-preventable infectious diseases. Adult immunizations, while effective, have not been as effective as childhood vaccines. However, even the most effective ones do not have the wide coverage of childhood vaccines. "Although immunization can...

New Vaccine To Be Used For First Time In Polio Outbreak Response

... Experience in polio eradication demonstrates that outbreaks can be quickly contained with high quality immunization campaigns which reach every child under five years old. Dedicated donor support and strong partnerships with the private sector have enabled the previous campaign in Yemen as well as swift deve...

A virus-like hitchhiker may trigger bacterial meningitis

... normally harmless bacterium can sometimes trigger outbreaks of life-threatening meningitis. The human body harbors many harmless bacterial residents, known as commensals. One such bacterium, called Neisseria meningitidis, makes its home in the upper respiratory tract, usually without consequence. But certain...

Virologist finds contagious equine flu in dogs

...d hemorrhagic pneumonia. From January to May 2005, outbreaks occurred at 20 racetracks in 10 states (Florida, Texas, Arkansas, Arizona, West Virginia, Kansas, Iowa, Colorado, Rhode Island and Massachusetts), according to the paper. "This infection will become a major concern for all dog owners, since 100 perc...

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