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Tag: "ongoing" at biology news

Agent slows aging in mice

...f a pungent desert shrub is now a front- runner in ongoing animal experiments to find out if certain chemicals, known to inhibit inflammation, cancer and other destructive processes, can boost the odds of living longer. Today at the annual meeting of the American Aging Association, University of Michigan sc...

Cigarette smoke alters DNA in sperm, genetic damage could pass to offspring

...mutations could also interfere with genes, but our ongoing research looks to clarify the severity of DNA damage throughout the genome,” said Yauk. “So, while some men say they’ll quit smoking after their child is born, this represents a good reason to quit well in advance of trying to conceive.” Among the...

Modeling the restless brain

...onses that the brain will produce. We believe that ongoing spontaneous activity should be studied in itself. Other researchers consider this to be unimportant 'noise' that should be filtered out." Honey and Sporns, associate professor in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, took a close lo...

Hormone helps mice 'hibernate,' survive starvation

...y might ultimately prove to be a vital part of the ongoing search for new therapies for human obesity and other metabolic conditions, Dr. Kliewer said. “Given that the PPAR-alpha receptor already is the target of drugs that work to boost high-density lipoproteins, or the ‘good’ cholesterol, and reduce the...

Sun exposure early in life linked to specific skin cancer gene mutation

... The findings come from the initial phase of an ongoing study that will ultimately include more than 1,000 patients from the U.S. and Australia. The research was funded by the Dermatology Foundation, the National Cancer Institute and the UNC Lineberger Cancer Center. ...

Undergraduate research shows leaderless honeybee organizing

...lling intelligence. Pierce’s finding is part of an ongoing research effort in Schneider’s lab aimed at understanding the mechanisms of leaderless societal management – in particular, the importance of two communication-related behaviors known as the “vibration signal” and “worker piping.” Different from...

Massive herds of animals found to still exist in Southern Sudan

..., aerial surveys could not be conducted due to the ongoing war. “We were amazed to see these large numbers of white-eared kob in Southern Sudan,” said Marjan. “Most people assumed we would find nothing in terms of wildlife.” Fay and his colleagues decided to return to Southern Sudan to conduct new surveys ...

Study finds mix of disease processes at work in brains of most people with dementia

...sed data from the Rush Memory and Aging Project—an ongoing study of 1,200 elderly volunteers who have agreed to be evaluated every year and to donate their brains upon death. The current study compared clinical and autopsy data on the first 141 participants who have died. Annual physical and psychological...

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine researchers develop 'off-the-shelf' vascular grafts

...atients require multiple grafts. Thus, there is an ongoing search for the ideal small-caliber arterial substitute for revascularization procedures. The University of Pittsburgh team, led by David A. Vorp, Ph.D., associate professor of surgery and bioengineering and a faculty member of the McGowan Institut...

Gene therapy study shows safety and statistically significant improvement in Parkinson's disease

.... Neurologix sponsored the study as part of its ongoing efforts to develop this and other gene therapy approaches to the treatment of neurodegenerative and metabolic diseases. Principal investigators Michael G. Kaplitt, MD, PhD, and Matthew J. During, MD, PhD, performed the procedures at NewYork-Presbyter...

'Virtual Patient' to simulate real-time organ motions for radiation therapy

...P-Man). This virtual model is an extension of Xu's ongoing project involving the 3-D VIP-Man, which is an advanced computer model that simulates in 3-D how radiation affects the organs and tissues in the human body. "Live patients are not static beings, and a moving organ such as the lung or heart is a ma...

Technique monitors thousands of molecules simultaneously

...eversing the polarity of things "The chip is an ongoing battle between active reagent and inactive reagent," Moeller said. "The active reagent is fine ?it does the chemistry I want it to do ?but as soon as it gets away from the turned-on electrode the reaction that inactivates it needs to take over." Wi...

Uniform language for describing genes of pathogenic and beneficial microbes

... in a wide range of disease-related organisms. The ongoing initiative is part of the Plant-Associated Microbe...hat allows all users to actively contribute to the ongoing refinement of the terms. When a scientist submits a new term to PAMGO it enables the entire communi...

NIAID expands capability for influenza research and surveillance

...andemic situation.? The new awards build upon an ongoing program led by St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis, TN, initiated by NIAID after the 1997 Hong Kong outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza in humans. Under this program, researchers conducted surveillance of influenza viruses in a...

Discovery of new cave millipedes casts light on Arizona cave ecology

...ar said. "We can expect more new species from the ongoing work at Northern Arizona University." This new genus was confirmed by analysis of the eighth pair of legs (or gonopods) on the male specimens. Gonopods are highly modified legs used to transfer spermatophores (packets of sperm) to the females duri...

Rapid response was crucial to containing the 1918 flu pandemic

...oduced.? The historical analyses are part of an ongoing effort called the Models of Infectious Disease Agent Study (MIDAS), which is supported by NIH’s National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS). Through MIDAS, researchers have developed computer models to examine how a future pandemic influen...

Scientists identify pancreatic cancer stem cells

...ion." While such a drug has not been developed, ongoing research suggests it is possible to do so, she added. The study also advances the emerging notion that stem cells may lie at the heart of some, if not all, cancers, Simeone said. That theory suggests that only cells that have the properties of "st...

Heart failure: Intervention possibilities from imaging programmed cell loss

...cate that heart muscle cell death is an active and ongoing process in heart failure, and that annexin imaging could possibly guide treatment for heart patients and be used to determine whether a treatment was working," said Hofstra, co-author of "Noninvasive Detection of Programmed Cell Loss with 99mTc-Label...

30+ AIDS vaccine clinical trials in 24 countries, research occurring on every continent

...e world in 2006. There are now more than 30 trials ongoing in 24 countries, across every continent. This an...nd its collaborators are currently conducting four ongoing trials in India, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, South Africa and the United States. In 2006, IAVI launched a...

Study suggests some drug resistance to influenza B medications

...a viruses evolve rapidly and nimbly, which compels ongoing investigation of antiviral therapies that use alternative mechanisms of action and target different points in the viral life cycle. The emergence of drug-resistant influenza B should draw attention to the importance of continual monitoring of strains...

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