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Tag: "obesity" at biology news

Scientists ID molecular 'switch' in liver that triggers harmful effects of saturated and trans fats

...rol blood levels," commented Jeffrey Flier, MD, an obesity specialist at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. "These are important findings in a long-established area of medicine." ...

W.M. Keck Foundation funds study of friendly microbes

...important factor that influences predisposition to obesity and obesity-related disorders such as diabetes and heart disease. Unfortunately, comprehensive analysis of the composition and functions of these microbial communities, in health and in disease, has been hampered because the majority of gut bacteria...

Highly adaptable genome in gut bacterium key to intestinal health

...important factor that influences predisposition to obesity and obesity-related disorders such as diabetes and heart disease The bacterium of the study, called Bacteriodes thetaiotaomicron or B. theta, is among the most abundant species in the human gut microbial community. B. theta breaks down otherwise ind...

US life expectancy about to decline, researchers say

...nd Journal of Medicine. The study determines that obesity currently reduces life expectancy by approximately...he researchers also predict that the rapid rise in obesity among children and teenagers in the past 30 years will have life-shortening effects in the future --...

Molecule that usually protects infection-fighting cells may cause plaque deposits inside arteries

...ssociated with other risk factors such as smoking, obesity and diets high in fat and cholesterol. ...

Canadian youth 4th highest in international obesity study

Canadian youth rank fourth-highest on the obesity scale in a new international study of adolescents ...esity, the researcher emphasizes. "The adolescent obesity epidemic is a global issue," concludes the paper, which appears in the May issue of Obesity Reviews,...

Thai spice helps cut blood sugar swings

...gradually. This is a crucial difference, as far as obesity is concerned: Fast sugar is worse for you; slower ...ssion to diabetes 2 and since these people have an obesity problem, it could potentially have an additional benefit in the therapeutic field. But this is all h...

Second messenger NAADP shows fast, dose-related impact on satiety cycle

... approach has failed to develop a truly successful obesity drug to address this major global health problem. ...'therapeutic?' Several earlier drugs designed for obesity treatment were chosen because they released a chemical ?the hormone serotonin -- in the brain that c...

Excess liver gene protects against high-fat diet

...at some people are more susceptible than others to obesity and other problems of excess, suggesting that the interplay between genes and diet is important. "Now we have a vivid example of a specific genetic alteration with opposite effects in different nutritional environments." The researchers examined li...

UCSD study clarifies insulin's role in blocking release of energy in patients with type II diabetes

...levels of insulin, as is found in many people with obesity and Type II diabetes, may block specific hormones ...?said Hupfeld. “This may be one reason why chronic obesity and Type II diabetes are often seen together.?/p> “By correcting this hormonal imbalance, resear...

Weight control protein may yield antiobesity drugs

... fat content may yield new approaches for treating obesity and type 2 diabetes, according to a new report in ...cular variants of the protein SH2-B might underlie obesity in humans, the researchers said. SH2-B, which has multiple functions in cells throughout the body, ...

New gene scanning technology marks a major advance in disease research

...le population of disease genes relevant to growth, obesity and cardiovascular disease. ...

The making of a fat cell

...central to understanding chronic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes, as fat cells produce hormones critic...aracterized by fat deficiency, Saltiel said. While obesity and lipodystrophy represent opposite ends of the spectrum, both are characterized by other metabolic...

System Drastically Cuts Down Botulism Detection Time

...central to understanding chronic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes, as fat cells produce hormones critic...aracterized by fat deficiency, Saltiel said. While obesity and lipodystrophy represent opposite ends of the spectrum, both are characterized by other metabolic...

Short-term Bio Sensors Monitor From Afar

...central to understanding chronic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes, as fat cells produce hormones critic...aracterized by fat deficiency, Saltiel said. While obesity and lipodystrophy represent opposite ends of the spectrum, both are characterized by other metabolic...

Key To Stem Cell Transplant Success Is Tricking Immune System

...central to understanding chronic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes, as fat cells produce hormones critic...aracterized by fat deficiency, Saltiel said. While obesity and lipodystrophy represent opposite ends of the spectrum, both are characterized by other metabolic...

War on terror meets war on cancer

...es: detecting rapidly growing cancers and studying obesity and eating disorders. The method, known as "stab...curately measure this number is often important in obesity research and understanding eating disorders. The greater the metabolic activity of a cell, the bigge...

Scientists pinpoint inflammation gene

...ividuals with a greater propensity than others for obesity and diabetes, as well as the inflammation associat...udy on the genetics of heart disease, diabetes and obesity in 1,400 Mexican Americans from 90 San Antonio families. Researchers studied an additional 500 ind...

Have a taste for fat? Yes! A sensor in the mouth promotes preference for fatty foods

...ration in the fat perception system might increase obesity risk through feeding dysregulation. In an accompanying commentary, Nada Abumrad writes that this report provides insight into the basis of our preference for fat and may help us devise better strategies to address the addictive potential of dietary...

Contagious obesity? Identifying the human adenoviruses that may make us fat

...ising piece of advice based on a promising area of obesity research: "Wash your hands." There is accumulatin...rtain viruses may cause obesity, in essence making obesity contagious, according to Leah D. Whigham, the lead researcher in a new study, "Adipogenic potential ...

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