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Tag: "newborns" at biology news

LIAI scientists make important finding on cytomegalovirus transmission

...als. However, it can cause multi-organ disease in newborns or persons who are immuno-compromised such as organ transplant recipients or AIDS patients. Ware said, "The main importance of these experiments is identifying the critical molecular targets controlling virus persistence, and two ways in which we ...

Newborn brains grow vision and movement regions first

...w very little. "This pattern of brain growth in newborns has not been described before," said Dr. John Gilm...ich side of the brain is larger -- was opposite in newborns and adults. In adults, the right side of the brain is usually slightly larger than the left side. Gi...

Like salty food? Chances are you had low blood sodium when you were born

...n life. In the study, researchers also found that newborns with the most severe cases of low sodium blood serum consumed ~1700 mg more sodium per day and weighed some 30 percent more than their peers. These data, taken together with other recent findings, make it clear that very low serum sodium in pre-term...

Experimental vaccine given during pregnancy reduces stillbirths from common virus

... prototype vaccine is the first step in protecting newborns against the most common viral disease of newborns in the developed world." The study appears in the March 15, 2007, issue of the Journal of Infecti...

Vitamin D deficiency widespread during pregnancy

...e study. "The numbers also were striking for their newborns ?92.4 percent of African-American babies and 66.1 percent of white infants were found to have insufficient vitamin D at birth." A vitamin closely associated with bone health, vitamin D deficiency early in life is associated with rickets ?a disorde...

Pheromone from mother's milk may rapidly promote learning in newborn mammals

...omes increasingly directed, showing that mammalian newborns are efficient learners. Past studies of this very ...heromone secreted in mother's milk. The ability of newborns to rapidly improve their milk-finding skills likely involves learning that "new" odors--for example,...

Need to pull an all-nighter?

...s, pilots, truckers, students, doctors, parents of newborns ?may take comfort from new research showing that preventing the gas nitric oxide from building up in the brain may ward off the sleep urge. The research, conducted by investigators from Children's Hospital Boston and the University of Helsinki (Hel...

Report focuses on the role good microbes play in future medicine

...c-resistant infections, encouraging weight gain in newborns and children with AIDS, reducing the incidence of kidney stones, and reducing the recurrence of bladder tumors. ...

New tool tracks brain development in babies

...injured regions. This is the first time a group of newborns has been evaluated with fiber tracking at birth and at three months. At birth, fiber tracking showed a different fiber pattern in eight of the 10 neonates with ischemia, compared to the images obtained from the normal infants. The fiber pattern of t...

Prenatal nicotine exposure reduces breathing response of newborns...

...rematurity/15341_10734.asp ), hospital charges for newborns without complications averaged $1,700. In contrast, hospital costs for infants born too soon to too small averaged a startling $77,000. Also in 2003, hospital charges for all infants totaled $36.7 billion. Nearly half of that, $18.1 billion, was f...

First link of oral bacteria and preterm birth found in human

...rematurity/15341_10734.asp ), hospital charges for newborns without complications averaged $1,700. In contrast, hospital costs for infants born too soon to too small averaged a startling $77,000. Also in 2003, hospital charges for all infants totaled $36.7 billion. Nearly half of that, $18.1 billion, was f...

Stem cell transplants improve recovery in animal models for stroke, cerebral palsy

...lar to that experienced by adults with a stroke or newborns with cerebral palsy can significantly enhance recovery from these types of injuries, researchers say. Using a commonly utilized animal model for stroke, researchers administered a dose of 200,000-400,000 human stem cells into the brain of animals th...

Fertility drugs given 'all-clear' in new study

...malformations or chromosomal abnormalities between newborns in the two groups," says Dr. Tulandi. "Our findings indicate concerns about a link between letrozole and birth defects are unfounded. This is significant because it confirms that letrozole can indeed be used in the treatment of infertility without i...

First SCID gene chip to be introduced at Academy meeting on immunodeficiencies

...d for detecting SCID (primary immunodeficiency) in newborns will be presented to researchers for the first tim...logy will have significant impact not only on SCID newborns but a wide variety of diseases and disorders," said Fred Modell, co-founder of the Jeffrey Modell Fo...

Born with a love of speech

Do human newborns develop their preference for speech through in-ute...of frequencies. Thus, there's the possibility that newborns preferentially listen to speech because they're used to it from their in-utero tuning-in. But, whic...

Boosting newborns' immune responses

... team decided to examine how well they function in newborns by studying white blood cells from their cord bloo...abies." Levy notes that the ability to vaccinate newborns ?rather than wait until they reach 2 months of age ?would provide important global health benefits. ...

Studies clarify risk factors for mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis C virus

...ates and suggested that higher HCV rates in female newborns may be due to excess mortality in infected males in utero. "Overall, the observation of higher hepatitis C virus infection rates in female infants is in accord with recent observations of similar excesses in HIV infection of female infants," Dr. Beas...

Researchers discover new route to hemoglobin synthesis

...sedatives have been the gold standard for treating newborns suffering from opiate withdrawal. However, new res... of sudden infant death syndrome. In the studies, newborns suffering from NAS were treated with opiates (morphine, methadone, paregoric, or tincture of opium),...

Opiates Better Than Sedatives For Treating Newborns In Withdrawal

...sedatives have been the gold standard for treating newborns suffering from opiate withdrawal. However, new res... of sudden infant death syndrome. In the studies, newborns suffering from NAS were treated with opiates (morphine, methadone, paregoric, or tincture of opium),...

Researchers predict infinite genomes

... Group B Strep (GBS), which can cause infection in newborns and immuno-compromised individuals. Analyzing the eight GBS genomes, the researchers discovered a surprisingly continual stream of diversity. Each GBS strain contained an average of 1806 genes present in every strain (thus constituting the GBS core...

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