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Tag: "newborn" at biology news

UCSD team discovers specialized, rare heart stem cells in newborns

...cells ?rare, specialized stem cells located in the newborn heart of rats, mice and humans ?has been shown by ...ed stem cells remained embedded in a region of the newborn heart called the atrium. They also determined that the cells could be expanded into millions of prog...

Infants With Rare Genetic Disease Saved by Cord Blood Stem Cells

...l storage diseases. The major barrier to universal newborn screening is building an infrastructure to support widespread testing, she said. The cost of testing itself would be relatively low. Although lysosomal storage diseases are rare ?fewer than 5,000 births combined out of 4 million per year in the U.S....

New Estimates For The Causes Of Child Deaths Worldwide

...ild deaths. Infection of the blood or pneumonia in newborn babies and pneumonia in older children constitute 29% of all deaths. Undernutrition is an underlying cause of 53% of all deaths in children aged younger than 5 years. The investigators also calculated the total numbers and proportional distributions ...

Infants with Rare Genetic Disease Saved By Cord Blood Stem Cells

...l storage diseases. The major barrier to universal newborn screening is building an infrastructure to support widespread testing, she said. The cost of testing itself would be relatively low. Although lysosomal storage diseases are rare ?fewer than 5,000 births combined out of 4 million per year in the U.S....

Asymptomatic HIV babies could use earlier treatment

...l trials are needed to determine if every infected newborn should be treated or if some subsets of infants will benefit more than others, Maldonado explained. In the meantime, the findings emphasize the importance of testing pregnant women for HIV and watching for signs of infection in the newborns of women ...

Unlike other mammals, newborn dolphins and orcas stay active 24/7 during first months of development

If you thought the sleep-deprived months with your newborn were tough, pity the poor mother dolphin or killer...ve after birth has several apparent advantages for newborn cetaceans: Movement and wakefulness reduce danger from predators, help maintain body temperature unt...

Gradient guides nerve growth down spinal cord

...ce system used to assemble this complex network in newborn mice, where corticospinal axon growth is still und...into the space between the dura and spinal cord in newborn mice. This knowledge, coupled with emerging stem cell technologies, may provide the most promising ...

An essential regulator of body weight revealed

...from adult mice. If the neurons were eliminated in newborn mice, their developing brains found a way to compensate for the deficiency, and the mice grew up eating normally. The research, conducted by Serge Luquet at the University of Washington in the laboratory of Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigato...

Study uncovers placental microtransfusions lead to transmission of AIDS virus during childbirth

...become infected themselves. That's a half million newborn worldwide every year facing chronic illness and premature death on their first day out of the safety of the womb. "The question has always been how does the virus get from the mothers to the babies?" said principal investigator Dr. Steven Meshnick, ...

Cells from amniotic fluid used to tissue-engineer a new trachea

...t year, Fauza reported using similar techniques in newborn lambs to repair congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), or a hole in the diaphragm that separates the lungs from the visceral organs. If the hole is large enough, the stomach and other visceral organs can end up in the chest cavity, crowding the lung...

New brain scan technology could save babies' lives

...n some cases help save the lives, of premature and newborn babies in intensive care. By providing vital information about brain function at the cot side, the scanner avoids the need to move critically ill babies to conventional scanning facilities, which may involve sedating them and has a degree of risk. T...

Greasing interferon's gears may pave way to greater therapeutic benefits, fewer side effects

... Holtzman. The researchers are currently screening newborn infants for levels of Stat1 action and tracking their susceptibility to viral infection. In addition, the group is studying transgenic mice engineered to carry the same Stat1 mutations that were examined in cells. In this way, the researchers can i...

Birth defects: 8 million annually worldwide

...aving children with genetic disorders; Establish newborn screening programs to identify babies born with devastating but treatable metabolic disorders such as phenylketonuria (PKU); Educate women and men of childbearing age about how they can work with health professionals to maximize the chances of havi...

Infants can organise visual information at just four months

...vious observations that this ability is present in newborn babies. At four months, two further grouping abilities emerged: grouping by shape and by proximity. Proximity grouping had not been tested in infants prior to this research, and grouping by shape had previously been seen only at six or seven months. ...

Neurons find their place in the developing nervous system with the help of a sticky molecule

...to take form with the genesis of nerve cells. Most newborn nerve cells, also called neurons, must travel from their birthplace to the position they will occupy in the adult brain. Researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have identified a molecule expressed on the surface of certain migrating...

Boosting newborns' immune responses

...en's Division of Infectious Diseases show that the newborn immune system functions differently than that of a...s team is uncovering other differences between the newborn and adult immune systems that could lead to additional targets for drugs or vaccines. A related pape...

Cell therapy slows progression of an inherited neurological disease; Improves motor skills in mice

...anted cells that produce myelin into the brains of newborn MLD mice. The researchers found that the transplanted myelin-producing cells survived in the mice brains and successfully moved to regions of the brain where they could aid in producing myelin. The transplanted cells also helped lead to production of...

First SCID gene chip to be introduced at Academy meeting on immunodeficiencies

...n Diagnosis and Treatment of SCID In the past, a newborn diagnosed with SCID would not survive to his or he...ndation committed one million dollars to develop a newborn screening test for SCID, which was targeted to be achieved over two years. The goal was to develop ...

African amphibians make extreme parental sacrifice: The skin off their backs

...y. In the 1990s, the same research team found that newborn Siphonops annulatus had teeth and stayed with their mothers for some time after hatching. Those observations, coupled with the unusually pale skin color of mothers caring for young, led Nussbaum and colleagues to speculate that S. annulatus hatchling...

Component in soy products causes reproductive problems in laboratory mice

...found to disrupt the development of the ovaries in newborn female mice that were given the product. This study adds to a growing body of literature demonstrating the potentially adverse consequences of genistein on the reproductive system. "Although we are not entirely certain about how these animal studies...

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