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Tag: "names" at biology news

HIV Patients May Be at Risk of Heart Problems When Taking Protease Inhibitor Drugs

...inhibitors." Drugs in this class go by the generic names of lopinavir, nelfinavir, indinavir, ritonavir and saquinavir. Brand names include Kaletra, Viracept, Crixivan, Norvir and Fortovase. The researchers emphasize that the drugs...

Automatic extraction of gene/protein biological functions from biomedical text

... analysis techniques. When the gene/protein/family names and their functions are described in ACTOR (doer o...e genes/proteins/families. The gene/protein/family names are recognized using the gene/protein/family name dictionaries developed by our group. To achieve wi...

Agilent Technologies releases automated literature search tool for biology researchers

...lent Literature Search tool, researchers enter the names of all genes of interest, along with keywords that describe the types of relationships being looked for. The plug-in searches accessible databases and generates a computational representation of gene/protein associations grouped into a network that b...

Reducing malarial transmission in Africa

... artemether and lumefantrine (co-artemether, trade names CoArtem and Riamet). The other was a combination of CQ and SP - currently under consideration in several African countries, largely due to its low cost. Altogether, the six-dose regimen of co-artemether was highly effective at reducing whether and ho...

CoPub Mapper: mining MEDLINE based on search term co-publication

...rom MEDLINE were identified in which pairs of gene names and combinations of gene name with specific keywords were co-mentioned. MEDLINE search strings for 15,621 known genes and 3,731 keywords were generated and validated. PubMed IDs were retrieved from MEDLINE and relative probability of co-occurrences ...

The biggest family tree ever

...new set of relatives can do so by disclosing their names to Family Tree DNA and then plan their biggest family reunion ever. Websites: The Genographic Project Michael F. Hammer Arizona Research Laboratories BIO5 Family Tree DNA ...

AIDS Public Awareness Campaign Expands Following Report Of Rapidly Progressive HIV

... is also available in which patients provide their names to health care providers. HIV testing is especially important for pregnant women, because medicine is available that can reduce the risk of maternal/child HIV transmission. Mothers who know they are HIV positive also will be advised against breast-f...

Building a protein name dictionary from full text: a machine learning term extraction approach

...set of 80,528 full text articles. Only 8.3% of the names in this dictionary match SwissProt description lines. We assess the quality of the dictionary by studying its protein name recognition performance in full text. Conclusions This dictionary term lookup method compares favorably to other published meth...

Lipids get new comprehensive classification system

...f the more complex lipids, provision of systematic names for recently discovered lipid classes, and clarification of abbreviations and shorthand names for lipids." LIPID MAPS has also devised a common scheme for representing the chemical structures o...

NIH renews network focused on how genes influence drug responses

...rotect the privacy of research study participants, names and other identifying information are not stored in this knowledge base. (Russ B. Altman, M.D., Ph.D., Stanford University School of Medicine) Pharmacogenetics of Nicotine Addiction and Treatment --$10 million provided by NIDA, NIGMS, and N...

Genetic variation alters response to common anti-clotting drug

...ease and improving human health." Warfarin (trade names include CoumadinTM) is the most commonly prescribed oral anti-clotting drug. Allan E. Rettie, Ph.D., University of Washington professor of medicinal chemistry and senior author of the paper, estimated that 2 million people in the United States take w...

New discovery: If it weren't for this enzyme, decomposing pesticide would take millennia

...mical's first use on potato fields in 1946. Common names for the agricultural product are Shell D-D and Telone II. "There is also a possibility, which I consider strong, that this surprising enzyme may have already existed in the bacteria and that it catalyzes another, so-far unidentified reaction that th...

Primates harvest bee nests in Ugandan reserve

...y. Roubik identified the bees and found that Pygmy names for the bees corresponded to scientific names, except for a black and a brown form of Meliponula ferruginea.Honeybee (Apis) nests were numerous compared to other sites in the tropics, whereas honey-making stingless bee nests were relatively scarce. ...

Computers to save unique type of American red squirrel

...es to the Mount Graham variety despite the similar names - in one of its last strongholds in Europe, Kielder Forest on the Scottish border. With around 10,000 red squirrels, Kielder hosts England's largest remaining population. In Kielder, Newcastle University's Dr Peter Lurz and colleagues used the mo...

Low-cost drug gaining favor for use in HIV-infected children in poor countries

... preventive use of Bactrim -- one of several brand names for the generic medicine cotrimoxazole -- for children to ward off common infections that can be deadly to a person whose immune system is weakened by HIV. Dr. Kate Grimwade, with the Heart of England National Health Service foundation trust in Bir...

Flu not the only germ threat this time of year

...Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Pronouncing the names of the microbes can be almost as difficult as bearing the illnesses themselves. They're on doorknobs, faucets, and appliance handles all around you, and maybe in your nose and lungs too. Some of the viruses are also wafting through the air you breath...

Pennsylvania researchers find liver transplants provide metabolic cure for rare genetic disease

...ns to accumulate in the body. The disease gets its names from the sweet smell of the urine. The accumulation of amino acids in the blood can cause metabolic crisis at any age, which can lead to brain swelling, stroke and even sudden death. Over a patient's lifetime, chronic instability of blood amino acid...

Nano-particles effective in killing cancer with one-two punch of chemotherapeutics

...paclitaxel, the leading cancer drug known by brand names such as Taxol, and doxorubicin directly to tumors implanted in mice. Their findings, presented online in the journal Molecular Pharamaceutics, illustrate the broad clinical potential of polymersomes. "The system provides a number of advantages o...

Computer scientist sorts out confusable drug names

...software company, to ensure they don't approve the names of new drugs that may easily be confused with any ...ng for the past two years to analyze proposed drug names and rank them in terms of confusability, both phonetically and orthographically, with existing drugs...

Memory loss affects more of the brain than previously thought

...lla said. The test required 40 patients to recall names of familiar faces and to learn and recall unfamiliar face-name associations. All patients showed brain activation in several brain regions during the task, but, compared with the controls, the patients with MCI showed a lower level of activation in t...

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