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Tag: "name" at biology news

Chemists create 'Superbowl' molecule; May lead to better health

...more promise for wider applications." "I wanted a name for our compounds which acknowledged this and reco...tive version of the superbowl molecule goes by the name tetrabromo-superbowl (C268H320O52Br4) due to the addition of four bromine atoms. The bromine atoms m...

Automatic extraction of gene/protein biological functions from biomedical text

...names are recognized using the gene/protein/family name dictionaries developed by our group. To achieve wide recognition of the gene/protein/family functions, we semi-automatically gather functional terms based on GO using co-occurrence, collocation similarities and rule-based techniques. A preliminary ex...

Papers of DNA Pioneer and Nobel Laureate Francis Crick Added to National Library of Medicine’s Profiles in Science Web Site

... site is located at www.profiles.nlm.nih.gov. The name of Francis Crick (1916?004) is inextricably linked to the discovery of the double helix of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in 1953, considered the most significant advance in biology since Darwin’s theory of evolution. The insights of Crick, and his coll...

FDA Warns Consumers Not to Use Home-Use Diagnostic Kits Marketed by Globus Media

...ntify the manufacturer, packer or distributor. The name of the kit appears on the instructions. Consumers who have these products should not use them. Anyone who has used one of these test kits should be retested using valid test methods. Only one HIV home collection test system is approved by FDA and le...

New Treatment Rivals Chemotherapy For Lymphoma, Study Finds

...s more difficult to treat. Bexxar, whose chemical name is tositumomab and iodine I 131 tositumomab, combines an antibody that seeks out cancer cells, and a radioactive form of the element iodine. When injected, it travels like a guided missile through the bloodstream to bind to a protein found on the sur...

Bone Density Recovers After Teens Stop Injected Contraceptive

... that women who use DMPA, marketed under the brand name Depo-Provera, experience a loss of bone mineral density during the time they are using the contraceptive. Because women are developing a large amount of their bone mass from ages 15 to 19, researchers were concerned that DMPA use might place adolesce...

Children's taste sensitivity and food choices influenced by taste gene

... preferred beverage. They also were less likely to name milk or water as one of their two favorite beverages. Favorite cereals and beverages of PP children had higher sugar content than corresponding selections of AA children. According to study co-author, geneticist Danielle Reed, PhD, "The children mos...

Potential treatments for neurofibromatosis

... blood vessel support. Neurofibromatosis gets its name from neurofibromas, the disfiguring and often painful tumors that grow along nerve coverings and form on or under the skin. In most patients, the tumors begin to appear in adolescence or adulthood. A patient may develop hundreds of neurofibromas over...

Cricket's finicky mating behavior boosts biodiversity

... with each other. This discovery led Mendelson to name one of her graduate-school papers after the pop song "Will You Still Love Me Tomorrow?" The Nature article was given the more conservative title of "Rapid Speciation in an Arthropod." "Over time," says Mendelson, "lineages - species that have split ...

CoPub Mapper: mining MEDLINE based on search term co-publication

...which pairs of gene names and combinations of gene name with specific keywords were co-mentioned. MEDLINE search strings for 15,621 known genes and 3,731 keywords were generated and validated. PubMed IDs were retrieved from MEDLINE and relative probability of co-occurrences of all gene-gene and gene-keyw...

Turning viruses into allies against cancer

... virus -- developed by Biovex Ltd. under the trade name OncoVEX -- showed promise of causing necrosis (death) of tumors cells in most patients. "Tumor necrosis was evidenced clinically and/or by histology in biopsies taken about two weeks after the final dose in a number of patients," said Jennifer Hu, M...

Gene keeps neural cells on correct developmental path

... the nerve genes. The protein is also known by the name Anderson gave it, NRSF, for neuron-restrictive silencer factor. Since then, they and others have found that REST locks down neuronal genes in other cells by grabbing onto the DNA and cementing in other molecules, an arrangement that stays intact as ...

A New Species of Monkey is Discovered in Tanzania: The First in Africa for More Than 20 Years

... probably an adaptation to the cold. The taxonomic name of the species, Lophocebus kipunji, recognizes the monkey’s local Kinyakyusa name (pronounced kip-oon-jee) used by a few hunters around Mt. Rungwe. The highland mangabey is extremely...

Building a protein name dictionary from full text: a machine learning term extraction approach

...cause such databases have low coverage of the many name variants which are used to refer to biological ent...xt material. We use the method to create a protein name dictionary from a set of 80,528 full text articles. Only 8.3% of the names in this dictionary match ...

Butterfly migration could be largest known

... Painted lady butterflies, known by the scientific name Vanessa cardui, spend the winter in the desert. As caterpillars turn into adults in the spring, they migrate north in search of fresh food and breeding grounds, powered by a supply of yellow fat they have built up over the winter. Painted ladies mig...

Tamoxifen-like drug suggests new ways to selectively block estrogen

...leagues at what was then Glaxo Wellcome, hence the name GW5638. McDonnell, at Duke, recognized its potential and demonstrated efficacy in animal models of tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer. The drug has completed initial phase I clinical testing and has garnered significant interest from the pharmaceutica...

Researchers use 3-D imaging system to unveil swimming behavior of microscopic plankton

... are passively drifting with the current, as their name implies ("planktos" translates to "drifting" in Greek), but only in the horizontal direction, not in the vertical. The recent development of a 3-dimensional acoustic imaging system by Jules Jaffe of Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the Univers...

Scripps research scientists solve structure of a critical innate immune system protein

...r proteins called the Toll-like receptors (TLR)--a name that comes from their resemblance to a fruit fly receptor called "Toll." In the fly, Toll is important for both embryonic development and for immune functions of the adult organism. In adult fruit flies, the protein is an essential receptor molecule ...

Discovery of an American salamander where it shouldn't be: Korea

...us of plethodontids, Karsenia. The animal's common name will be the Korean crevice salamander, for its preferred abode, limestone crevices. As the name implies, lungless salamanders from the family Plethodontidae have no lungs and breathe through moist...

Going To Extremes To Improve Human Health

...nown as Exercise and Movement Science, underwent a name change in July 2004.) "In this current day of rapid discovery in genetics and cellular biology, it is more important than ever that some attention be focused on the research-training of individuals who will make sense of the explosion of available i...

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