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Tag: "mysteries" at biology news

Exploring the dark matter of the genome

...volved in epigenetic inheritance, as well as other mysteries surrounding the genome's "dark matter." "Sequence finishing and mapping of Drosophila melanogaster heterochromatin," by Roger A. Hoskins, Joseph W. Carlson, Cameron Kennedy, David Acevedo, Martha Evans-Holm, Erwin Frise, Kenneth H. Wan, Soo Par...

Scientists close in on missing carbon sink

...e missing carbon For years, one of the biggest mysteries in climate science has been the question of what ultimately happens to the carbon emitted by motor vehicles, factories, deforestation, and other sources. Of the approximately 8 billion tons of carbon emitted each year, about 40 percent accumulates in...

A first -- Hebrew University scientist observes brain cell development in 'real time'

...mplexity of nerve cells remains one of the biggest mysteries of neuroscience, and we now have a model to study this complexity directly." The results of Dr. Mizrahi’s groundbreaking work appeared in the online edition of Nature Neuroscience. Using special microscopic imaging techniques, combined with vi...

Chemical maps hint at drug's effects on schizophrenia

...Daouk said. "If we can apply these findings to the mysteries occurring in the brain, then perhaps we can finally unlock the secrets of these devastating diseases." Kaddurah-Daouk believes that this and other studies that explore metabolism at the global level have the potential to greatly impact medical pra...

Revealing the machinery underlying the 'plastic' juvenile brain

Among the central mysteries of neurobiology is what properties of the young brain enable it to so adeptly wire itself to adapt to experience—a quality known as plasticity. The extraordinary plasticity of the young brain occurs only during a narrow window of time known as the cr...

Rare cell prevents rampant brain activity

One of the mysteries of the brain is how it avoids ending up in a state of chaos, something which happens only on exceptional occasions, when it can lead to epileptic fits. Scientists at Karolinska Institutet have now uncovered a new mechanism controlling how the brain k...

Researchers develop marker that identifies energy-producing centers in nerve cells

...f the fluorescent marker in mice could unravel the mysteries of some of the most debilitating neurodegenerative diseases. The study's senior author, Tibor Kristian, Ph.D., an assistant professor in the Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, says there are animal models f...

Elucidation of the genome for diabetics with DNA chips

...ascular complications of diabetes and to solve the mysteries shrouding childhood obesity and certain cancers linked to obesity . The work of this French-British-Canadian team was financed principally by the Canadian government and by the province of Quebec. The DNA chips were produced at the genomics centre in...

Napoleon's mysterious death unmasked, UT Southwestern researcher says

... finally put to rest nearly 200 years of lingering mysteries about the illness that killed the French emperor during his island exile, a UT Southwestern Medical Center scientist reports. American, Swiss and Canadian researchers applied modern pathological and tumor-staging methods to historical accounts and ...

Music genes and musical geniuses

...g scientists currently involved in researching the mysteries of music, invited to explain their recent findings to the audience. The meeting is organized by the European Genetics Foundation and the Fondazione Pierfranco e Luisa Mariani, in collaboration with the Orchestra Mozart, the Municipality of Bologna an...

Research project tackles 'regeneration' gap

...e Regeneration Project will focus on unlocking the mysteries in living, simple organisms that sustain successful tissue and organ regeneration following injury and disease, and then applying this knowledge toward encouraging repair in the more complex human, where regeneration is not so simple." Steindler s...

Scientists crack genetic secrets of human egg

... are overexpressed in the egg. Of those, 1,430 are mysteries - their functionunknown. The group also compared the human egg genes with those of a mouse as well as human and mouse embryonic stem cells. On the final intersection,66 genes were found to be common between the four sets of data. "There are thou...

American scientist's research of life's first cells

...z (North America): For her essay, "Unraveling the mysteries of small RNAs." Schwarz received a Bachelors of Science degree from the State University of New York at Albany. She did undergraduate research in the laboratory of Caro-Beth Stewart where she studied the function of short interspersed repeats in prim...

Plants give up answers in the war on bacteria

...mpervious to washing. "We are thinking about the mysteries of plant pathologies, but these have broad implications," He said. "We haven't understood very well how plants and bacteria interact, but we're finally seeing the light." ...

UCLA researchers unravel a mystery about DNA

...ers at Rutgers University have solved longstanding mysteries surrounding DNA transcription, the first step in carrying out instructions contained in our genes. The breakthrough described in an article in the Nov. 17 issue of the journal Science reveals important structural information about the gyrations of DN...

Two central mysteries in genome inheritance solved at UCSD

...ntists report these solutions to two long-standing mysteries about the mechanism of genome inheritance during cell division. "These two discoveries open the door to further studies of the chromosome-spindle interface, studies that could result in improvement of chemotherapies for cancer," said Arshad Desai, ...

Radiologists attempt to solve mystery of Tut's demise

... and preserve Egypt’s mummies and to solve various mysteries about the diseases and lifestyles of ancient Egyptians. King Tutankhamun, who ascended to the throne when he was just eight years old, was mummified and buried with other ancient royals. His tomb, filled with 5,000 artifacts, was discovered near ...

Birds going extinct faster due to human activities

... various neural structures, one of the fundamental mysteries of brain development, the researchers say. Since the 1980s, Steindler has studied the effect of certain molecules in the extracellular matrix, a mixture that surrounds developing brain cells. Transiently appearing and disappearing, these molecule...

Medium is the message for stem cells in search of identities

... various neural structures, one of the fundamental mysteries of brain development, the researchers say. Since the 1980s, Steindler has studied the effect of certain molecules in the extracellular matrix, a mixture that surrounds developing brain cells. Transiently appearing and disappearing, these molecule...

CHAVI announces international search for genes affecting HIV response

...ty, investigators who once competed to unravel the mysteries of HIV will share access to patient groups, called cohorts, they have studied. Support for the consortium is provided by the Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology (CHAVI), established at Duke in 2005 with a grant that could total as much as $300 mi...

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