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Tag: "mushroom" at biology news

Advances in the characterisation of the oyster mushroom genes

The oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus), apart from reducing cholest.... Degradation of cellulose In nature, the oyster mushroom grows on dead trunks of trees where the lignin and cellulose ?the two principal components of wood -...

High fidelity keeps human DNA assembly line humming

...he DNA conveyer belt. They did this using a deadly mushroom toxin, alpha-amanitin. Alpha-amanitin is the pois....D., Emperor Tiberius Claudius was fed a death cap mushroom by his wife Agrippina to put her son Nero on the throne of ancient Rome. Alpha-amanitin kills people...

Digging in the dirt for life's biochemical foundations

...eadlike filaments. But collectively, these spindly mushroom relatives help move several billion tons of nutrients out of the soil and into plants each year. Now, new Michigan State University-supported research on the movement of nitrogen brings into sharper focus this underground process at the root of nearl...

How Fruitflies Know It's Time for Lunch

... electrical stimulation zooms toward the so-called mushroom body, a mushroom-shaped cluster of neurons involved in olfactory processing. Less is known about the gustatory signals, which begin both in the mouth and in the pharynx and aim toward the subesophageal ganglion region of the fly's brain. How olfactor...

Mushrooms as good an antioxidant source as more colorful veggies

...ly commonly consumed in the U.S. The white button mushroom has an ORAC value of 6.9, above tomato, green pepper, pumpkin, zucchini, carrot, and green beans. Dubost says, "You don't have to eat only the vegetables with the highest anti-oxidant capacity to benefit. If you eat a variety of mushrooms along with...

Brain region linked to fly slumber

...robiology and physiology, shows that the so-called mushroom bodies are essential for sleep regulation in the f...similar results using different methods.) How the mushroom bodies control sleep is uncertain, but Allada and colleagues show that if the area is destroyed chem...

Serotonin, acting in a specific brain region, promotes sleep in fruit flies

...in a specific region of the fly brain known as the mushroom bodies. Interestingly, the mushroom bodies are required for learning and memory in flies. Given that consolidation of memory is one of t...

Researchers barcode DNA of Venice museum's vast fungi collection

...s traditionally need to wait for fungi to fruit or mushroom to identify them. "This can be very limiting because mushrooms are only produced seasonally, with some species only fruiting once every several years," said Garbelotto. "The database we are creating will allow people to identify the fungi present in ...

Tracing the formation of long-term memory

...strated by the influx of calcium into cells called mushroom body neurons that occurs after special training th...aining, we could see some calcium flowing into the mushroom body neurons when the flies were exposed to odor," said Davis. When they exposed the fruit flies or ...

Sequencing of the oyster mushroom genome

...m, Pleurotus ostreatus , will be the first edible mushroom in the world to be genetically sequenced but, apar...ned North American Genome Institute. The oyster mushroom and CO 2 balance The oyster mushroom is actively involved in the re-circulation of carbon at a ...

Modified mushrooms may yield human drugs

...here has always been a recognized potential of the mushroom as being a choice platform for the mass production...e is a marker gene to help sort out the transgenic mushroom cells from the non-transgenic cells, Dr. Romaine explained. "What we are doing is taking a gene, a...

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