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Tag: "mortality" at biology news

Bioartificial kidney under study at MCG

...tudy. "If you have renal failure in the ICU, your mortality is extremely high," Dr. Szerlip says. "Anywhere from 50 to 70 percent of those patients die and over the past 20 years, despite dialysis, that has not changed much." He hopes the new device, developed by Dr. H. David Humes at the University of Michi...

Adding Radiation Therapy To Chemotherapy Improves Survival In Patients With High-risk Breast Cancer

...ed. This included a 32% reduction in breast cancer mortality and a 27% reduction in overall mortality compared with chemotherapy alone. In addition, long-term toxic effects, including cardiac deaths, we...

Novel Asthma Study Shows Multiple Genetic Input Required; Single-gene Solution Shot Down

...ed. This included a 32% reduction in breast cancer mortality and a 27% reduction in overall mortality compared with chemotherapy alone. In addition, long-term toxic effects, including cardiac deaths, we...

Genome of deadly amoeba shows surprising complexity, evidence of lateral gene transfer

...second only to malaria as a cause of morbidity and mortality from a protist. The disease caused by E. histolytica is called amebiasis. The sequencing of E. histolytica was a collaborative effort led by The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) in Rockville, MD, and by the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in th...

New imaging method gives early indication if brain cancer therapy is effective, U-M study shows

...f Sciences. Most primary brain tumors have a high mortality rate, with people surviving only 10 months after diagnosis. Typically, patients receive seven weeks of treatment, followed by a traditional MRI scan six weeks after completing therapy to determine if the tumor shrank. If the cancer did not respond to...

Scientists discover unique microbe in California's largest lake

...uted water body. Aftermassive fish kills and avian mortality in the 1990s, federal agenciestargeted the lake for one of the nation's largest restoration projects.Wood says the discovery also shows that the Salton Sea, with its highload of nutrients, may provide an environment that allows this novelphotosynthet...

Affymetrix and the Karolinska Institutet Announce Translational Medicine Strategic Alliance

... better clinical methods and drugs hereby reducing mortality and improving quality of life for patients suffering from these diseases. The Karolinska Institutet/Affymetrix Translational medicine research projects will use sufficiently large sample sizes to establish true clinical relevance of both gene expres...

Implanted Devices Detect High-Risk Heart Failure Patients

...ility changes within two weeks of implantation and mortality one year later. "This approach may play a significant role in targeting a subset of heart failure patients for whom we need to be more aggressive if we don't see early improvement in heart rate variability," Gilliam said. "We would expect that as th...

Effective Cancer Treatments Follow The Clock

...dge that chemotherapeutic agents produce different mortality and morbidity at different times of the day,?said Takahashi. The initial experiments with normal mice, performed by Antoch during her tenure in Takahashi's lab, confirmed that animals treated with CY survived better when they received treatment in la...

Single stem cells from bone heal a broken heart

...rt failure are associated with major morbidity and mortality and there are currently limited therapeutic opportunities for intervention. This study provides the first demonstration of a single, human stem cell population derived from the bone marrow that has the capacity to induce generation of new heart cells...

Marburg haemorrhagic fever in Angola update

...losely related Ebola haemorrhagic fever have shown mortality rates ranging, according to the virus strain involved, from 53% to 88%. The only other large outbreak of Marburg, in the Democratic Republic of Congo from 1998 through 2000, had a case fatality of 83%. Two factors make the rapid detection of outbrea...

Disease diagnosis, biodefense among UH chemical research projects

...use infectious diseases cause 26 percent of global mortality and are the third leading cause of death in the United States. Microbial identification also is important in food safety and biodefense. Traditional culturing and growth-testing methods are being replaced by molecular biology-based methods as genome ...

Researchers report new pro-inflammatory role for anti-inflammatory enzyme

...l as lower plasma levels of NO2- and NO3- and less mortality than normal mice. The scientists also showed that ...ppears as if these are ineffective in reducing the mortality associated with the disease. The identification of a pro-inflammatory role for eNOS-derived NO may p...

New Estimates For The Causes Of Child Deaths Worldwide

...tudies in 2000 to 2003 to obtain new estimates for mortality by cause in children younger than age 5 years. The...the millennium development goals of reducing child mortality by two-thirds from the 1990 rate will depend on renewed efforts to prevent and control pneumonia, di...

Protein prevents detrimental immune effects of bacterial sepsis

...lls from blood vessels, ultimately leading to 100% mortality by 48 hours. The researchers characterized the expression of annexin 1 and found that the gene was activated as early as 1.5 and 6 hours after LPS administration, with levels returning to normal by 24 hours. Higher levels of markers of inflammation,...

FDA Warns About Antipsychotic Drugs and Elderly

... their chemical structure. Because the increase in mortality was seen with atypical antipsychotic medications i...se limited data also suggest a similar increase in mortality for these drugs. The review of the data on these older drugs, however, is still on-going. ...

Measles Deaths Worldwide Drop By Nearly 40% Over Five Years

...nt the WHO/UNICEF strategy for sustainable measles mortality reduction. The strategy seeks to achieve routine measles immunization coverage of at least 90% in every district and to ensure that every child from nine months to 14 years of age receives a "second opportunity" for measles immunization through rout...

Symbiotic bacteria protect hunting wasps from fungal infestation

...increased fungal infestations and increased larval mortality ?in fact, little larval survival ?suggesting that the bacteria produce antibiotics that work against pathogenic fungi. These findings broaden our understanding of the evolution and functioning of symbioses that involve protective bacteria, and they m...

Mutation in clams protects against paralytic shellfish poisoning but raises human health risk

...lams to PSP toxins and monitored the shellfish for mortality and potentially harmful changes in burrowing behavior. They found that clams that came from areas with a history of red tides had less sensitivity to the toxins than did clams from an area with no such history. They showed that nerves taken from the ...

$5.1 billion would save 6 million children

...ed Millennium Development Goals is to reduce child mortality by two-thirds by 2015. Past studies completed by B... survival interventions previously shown to reduce mortality from the major causes of death in children younger than age 5 years. They focused on preventive inte...

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