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Prenatal Stress Keeps Infants, Toddlers up at Night, Study Says

...pells out well-deserved respite it may carry even more value for babies. For them, sleep ranks as one of ... depressed or anxious during pregnancy experienced more sleep problems. For instance, mothers classified as clinically anxious 18 weeks into pregnancy, comp...

St. Jude study solves mystery of mammalian ears

...lify sound in mammals appears to have been settled more in favor of bouncing cell bodies rather than vibra...esence of outer hair cells makes mammalian hearing more than 100 times better than it would be if the cells were absent. As sound waves race into the inner...

Genomic Analysis Uncovers New Targets for HIV Vaccine

... work by boosting the protective effects of one or more of these genes, and help the body's own immune sys...cted by CHAVI researchers, we aim to discover even more polymorphisms that could provide additional clues how some patients are better able to control the v...

Scratch no more: Gene for itch sensation discovered

.... "Scientists have been studying this receptor for more than a decade," Chen says. "One interesting thing they've found is that GRPR is implicated in tumor growth. As a result of research like this, a lot of substances have been made that block the activity of GRPR. So now researchers can study the effect...

FDA sees nanotech challenges in every product category it regulates

...rcent of US consumer spending. “Today, there are more than 500 manufacturer-identified nanotechnology co...” said Rejeski. “The number of listed products has more than doubled in a year. It does not include nanotech consumer products which companies do not identi...

One species, many genomes

... defense against pathogens or infections, are much more variable than the average gene. "The genetic varia... and genome interact is also the goal of new, even more powerful methods. While the technology used so far can only identify genes that have changed or are ...

Identified main genetic variants involved in response to HIV

...ormation will be very useful in the long road to a more rational vaccine development. This and similar studies should push us toward more personalised medicine, where the most suitable drugs for each individual would be determined on the ...

Research identifies protein that signals flowering in squash plants

...ort day (SD) plants require a short day length (or more precisely, a long night) in order to flower. These are plants that flower as the days grow shorter, such as in the fall in temperate regions. Long day (LD) plants will flower when nights are short (and days are long), and typically flower in late spr...

Cellular message movement captured on video

...nucleus,” said Chien. “The whole situation is much more complex than we have been able to show.” Chien,...we piece all of these things together we can get a more complete understanding of how the cell functions, both in migration and signal transduction,” said C...

Researchers discover inherited mutation for leukemia

...ear in the United States. The leukemia is slightly more common in men than women, and typically strikes people who are in their 50s, 60s and 70s. About 90 percent of CLL cases are sporadic; that is, they have no genetic component. But about one in 10 people with CLL have relatives who also develop...

Agent slows aging in mice

... likely try to repeat the results in animals. Much more research is needed before any possible human anti-aging drug could emerge, Miller says. “Even if this agent turns out to be good for mice, it won’t be possible to tell without careful studies of humans whether NDGA is beneficial, useless, or harm...

Enzyme delivered in smaller package protects cells from radiation damage

... The MnSOD transfected cells were significantly more resistant to ionizing radiation than the non-tranf...we will be able to get this radioprotective enzyme more efficiently into all of the cells of the body and give patients receiving total body radiation for s...

Innovative smallpox vaccine research study to be conducted at Case Medical Center

...®, is different from Dryvax® in that it contains a more weakened form of the live-virus within the vaccine. “Because the vaccine is weakened, the side effects should be minimized enough to give the vaccine to all individuals, even those whose immune systems are suppressed,” says Dr. Salata. “Our hope ...

Cells re-energize to come back from the brink of death

...e cell. Such a specifically targeted drug might be more effective and less toxic than standard chemotherapy. A report on this work is in the June 1 issue of “Cell.” Apoptosis is triggered by a variety of factors, including gene mutations that can make the cell become cancerous. During apoptosis, the me...

Brain inflammation may be friend, not foe, for Alzheimer's patients

...ion is playing the role of protector and is acting more like an ambulance crew helping at the site of a ro...disease, while other studies, including a study of more than 2,100 people published in April, refute that notion. “There is a great deal of evidence that...

Blood test may help signal tumor's remission, return in throat cancer patients

...ollowing chemotherapy and radiation treatment were more likely to remain in remission, while those who exp...John E. Niederhuber, M.D. It is estimated that more than 34,000 Americans will be diagnosed with cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx (the middle part ...

Releasing fish for the future

...bream and dusky flathead. The research, costing more than $1.5 million and funded by NSW DPI and the Re...s released each year in Australia. This amounts to more than 47 million fish being caught and released annually. New research is now seeking to maximise ...

Liver cancer patients with high serum levels of hepatitis B virus face poorer outcomes

...om/journal/hepatology ). HBV is associated with a more than 200-fold increase in risk of liver cancer. In areas where HBV is endemic, like China and the Far East, the great majority of cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occur in individuals with the virus. For most patients whose cancer is inoperabl...

Soils offer new hope as carbon sink

...n Zwieten said soils naturally emit about 10 times more greenhouse gas on a global scale than the burning ...e biomass of wheat was tripled and of soybeans was more than doubled," said Dr Van Zwieten. "This percentage increase remained the same when applications...

Math that powers spam filters used to understand how brain learns to move our muscles

...has developed a computer model that makes use of more or less predictable “guesstimates” of human muscl...stakes in a memory bank so it could adapt and make more accurate predictions the next time around. Every time the learner repeated the task, it would sift t...

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(Date:4/16/2014)... and soil processes are to blame for significant baseline ... a study published recently in the Journal of ... samples from all corners of Ohio showed that every ... of concern recommended by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. ... authors, who note that regulatory levels typically are set ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... Leo Heim and their colleagues at the University of ... of generating hydrogen using water and formaldehyde. The generation ... it comes to fuel cell technologies. The results of ... water and formaldehyde", have recently been published in the ... the new approach can be used to recycle industrial ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... Calif. UC Irvine neurobiologists have found that genetically ... into the brains of mice with the symptoms and ... in the journal Stem Cells Research and Therapy ... in two different mouse models. , Alzheimer,s disease, ... associated with accumulation of the protein amyloid-beta in the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Significant baseline levels of arsenic found in Ohio soils are due to natural processes 2Significant baseline levels of arsenic found in Ohio soils are due to natural processes 3Significant baseline levels of arsenic found in Ohio soils are due to natural processes 4UCI study finds modified stem cells offer potential pathway to treat Alzheimer's disease 2
(Date:4/14/2014)... John DeLuca, PhD, and Yael Goverover, PhD, OT, have ... persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) perform everyday life tasks. ... Measure Everyday Life Functional Activity in Multiple Sclerosis" provides ... senior VP of Research & Training at Kessler Foundation. ... is a visiting scientist at Kessler Foundation. She was ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... the answer to one open-ended question predicted the teenagers, offending ... think you,ll live?", According to the study, having little hope ... Piquero said the study found those who don,t view a ... rates and commit more serious offenses, while those who believe ... less., "In a lot of distressed communities and for a ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... A new study identifies a molecule that is ... that the molecule could be an important target for ... progression. , The study of microRNA-135b (miR-135b) in two ... journal Cancer Cell and was led by ... Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... CHICAGO --- Depression can hit young fathers hard -- with ... of their children,s lives, a new Northwestern Medicine study has ... over the first five years of fatherhood for these young ... fathers and whom lived in the same home as their ... in the journal Pediatrics . , This study is ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... around the world, many people live and work in ... block sunlight. And as the global population continues to ... will only spread. , To alleviate the problem, ... redirects sunlight onto narrow streets and alleyways. The panel ... at an angle, where it spreads sunlight onto the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:UT Dallas study: Youth who fail to envision future commit more crimes 2Health News:Study identifies a likely key driver of colorectal cancer development and progression 2Health News:Young dads at high risk of depression, too 2Health News:Let the sun shine in: Redirecting sunlight to urban alleyways 2
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