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Tag: "million" at biology news

New push for public health, AIDS spending at African Union summit

...lping to curb the spread of AIDS, which killed 2.3 million Africans in 2004. "We are definitely optimistic t...t continent, home to nearly two-thirds of the 39.4 million people worldwide infected with HIV or AIDS. The World Health Organisation (WHO) says just 310,000 p...

Molecular biology fills gaps in knowledge of bat evolution

...ecialized echolocation - originated about 52 to 50 million years ago during a lush period of significant global warming in a region that is now North America. This latest research helps fill gaps in the evolutionary history of one of the most diverse group of mammals on earth and the only mammals capable of...

Spleen may be source of versatile stem cells

..., with an annual research budget of more than $400 million andmajor research centers in AIDS, cardiovascular research, cancer,cutaneous biology, medical imaging, neurodegenerative disorders,transplantation biology and photomedicine. In 1994, MGH and Brigham andWomen's Hospital joined to form Partners HealthC...

W.M. Keck Foundation funds study of friendly microbes

...eria that normally live on and in us. Now a $1.45 million grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation to researchers at the School of Medicine will help fill this gap by funding a study to develop new approaches for isolating, sequencing and analyzing the genomes of "friendly" bacteria that inhabit the intestine an...

Topical treatment shown to inhibit HIV and herpes simplex virus infection

...eport on the global AIDS epidemic, an estimated 40 million people worldwide are living with HIV, and women account for nearly half of those infected. As stated by the World Health Organization, unprotected sex is the predominant mode of HIV transmission, and genital herpes plays a major role in the sexual sp...

Poor prenatal nutrition permanently damages function of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas

...as cannot make the hormone insulin at all; about 1 million Americans must control this form by taking insulin... In type 2 -- a disorder affecting an estimated 18 million Americans -- the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin or the body's cells develop a resistance to it...

Genome of deadly amoeba shows surprising complexity, evidence of lateral gene transfer

...adly strains. The parasite infects an estimated 50 million people and causes as many as 100,000 deaths a year -- second only to malaria as a cause of morbidity and mortality from a protist. The disease caused by E. histolytica is called amebiasis. The sequencing of E. histolytica was a collaborative effort ...

Anti-bacterial additive widespread in U.S. waterways

...an for almost half a century at rates approaching1 million pounds per year, but we have essentially no idea of whatexactly happens to the compound after we flush it down the drain," saidthe study's lead author, Rolf U. Halden, PhD, PE, assistant professorin the School's Department of Environmental Health Sci...

Scientists Replicate Hepatitis C Virus in Laboratory

...nd-stage liver disease, and liver cancer. Almost 4 million Americans, or 1.8 percent of the U.S. population, have antibodies to HCV indicating ongoing or previous infection with the virus. Approximately 10,000 to 12,000 deaths each year in the United States are due to HCV. ...

A much-needed shot in the arm for HIV vaccine development

...HIV/AIDS epidemic that hasclaimed more than twenty million lives and wiped out decades ofdevelopment gains," said Pascoal Mocumbi, "I do believe that thisscientific strategic plan will not only accelerate the development of alifesaving HIV vaccine but also boost African capacity in healthresearch to address ...

Ancient olfaction protein is shared by many bugs, offering new pest control target

...at the gene's sequence has been conserved over 250 million years of evolution but that the gene's function in...tion of an insect odorant receptor gene across 250 million years of evolution" ...

Bacteria collection sheds light on urinary tract infections

...e of Clinical Infectious Diseases. About 8 to 10 million people are diagnosed with urinary tract infections each year. Women are more likely to get UTIs than men because it is easier for the bacteria to reach their bladder. Fifty percent of all women will experience at least one episode of UTIs during thei...

Found: Missing sequence of the human Y chromosome

...ntalduplications, which emerged during the past 30 million years of primateevolution, are significantly enriched in subtelomeric andpericentromeric sequences, and now comprise approximately 5% of thehuman genome, were considered to be one of the biggest obstacles tofinishing the human genome sequence. "The i...

Study finds more than one-third of human genome regulated by RNA

...on ancestor of mammals and chicken,which lived 310 million years ago. "This study is an excellent exampleof the power of comparative genomics to illuminate how human genes areregulated," says Burge."As more genome data becomes available and the technology becomes moresophisticated, I think we'll find that ev...

The secret lives of whales

...applied new genetic techniques to penetrate over a million years of whale history dating back to the middle o...y. “Whale bone worms have been around for 30 to 40 million years. It’s conceivable that whale worms first appeared on whales and later adapted to deep-sea hydr...

NYU researchers simulate molecular biological clock

...on ancestor of mammals and chicken,which lived 310 million years ago. "This study is an excellent exampleof the power of comparative genomics to illuminate how human genes areregulated," says Burge."As more genome data becomes available and the technology becomes moresophisticated, I think we'll find that ev...

A bacterial genome reveals new targets to combat infectious disease

..., and other debilitating diseases in more than 150 million people worldwide. The nematodes themselves play ho...sis. This Wolbachia genome is small, only about a million base pairs, and many metabolically critical genes have degraded through mutation to the point of use...

Gene variations explain drug dose required to control seizures

...ents," he added. Epilepsy and seizures affect 2.5 million Americans of all ages, with approximately 181,000 new cases diagnosed each year. Phenytoin and carbamazepine are important first-line anti-epileptic drugs that are widely prescribed throughout the world, Goldstein said. Both drugs commonly spur adver...

Solution to Pollution: New Bacteria Eats Toxic Waste

...ternatives, he continued. The team received a $1.5 million dollar contract from the U.S. Department of Energy to further study the bacteria. Sims discovered the microbes on a landsite in Libby, Mont. contaminated by chemical carcinogens called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH’s). The site had been used ...

Purdue proves concept of using nano-materials for drug discovery

...than a half-inch square that might contain up to a million test chambers, or "reactors," each capable of scre...those membranes to create chips containing up to 1 million test chambers. Each chamber would be covered with a membrane containing the proteins, and the chambe...

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(Date:4/16/2014)... in museum collections two new species of yellow-shouldered bats have been ... The Field Museum of Natural History and described in the open ... to the genus Sturnira are part of a recent ... the third one still waiting to be officially announced. , Up ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... leaf looks like one seamless surface; however, up close, ... patchwork of cells in a variety of shapes and ... their own unique forms, Caltech biologist Elliot Meyerowitz, postdoctoral ... shape-controlling factors in pavement cells, which are puzzle-piece-shaped epithelial ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... , Professor Nicolas Doucet of the Centre INRSInstitut Armand-Frappier has ... Health (NIH) in the amount of nearly US$600,000. The 5-year ... tiny proteins called RNases and to explore their biomedical potential ... and asthma. , "Receiving a grant at this ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Two new species of yellow-shouldered bats endemic to the Neotropics 2For cells, internal stress leads to unique shapes 2High-level NIH grant goes to professor Nicolas Doucet of INRS 2
(Date:4/17/2014)... Meaningful long-term survival is possible for selected patients ... treated with cytoreductive surgery with Hyperthermic IntraPeritoneal Chemotherapy, ... physicians at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. , ... experience with cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC, said lead ... 20 years, worth of patient data shows that ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Canadians surveyed said they would participate in public health ... genetic conditions, only 80 per cent said they would ... their newborns, genomes.,Most newborns in North America have a ... of life in which a tiny amount of blood ... five to 54 conditions, depending on the state or ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... have called for more research to be carried ... in sub-Saharan Africa. In a paper in ... Stothard, working with colleagues in the department of ... in Cleveland Ohio, University of Cambridge and the ... the joint burden of HIV/AIDS and schistosomiasis of ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... Texas (April 16, 2014) A team that includes scientists ... Health Science Center at San Antonio, Johns Hopkins University and ... helps a common fungus to infect the body. , The ... rashes and oral thrush, and is the most common fungal ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... Handling frozen fish caused nearly half of all ... the injuries on freezer-longliner vessels operating off the coast ... , Many of those injuries and others aboard the ... right interventions, and the research methods used in the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:20 years of data shows treatment technique improvement for advanced abdominal cancer 2Health News:Researcher looks at public perceptions around newborn testing 2Health News:Researcher looks at public perceptions around newborn testing 3Health News:More research called for into HIV and schistosomiasis coinfection in African children 2Health News:Changes in processing, handling could reduce commercial fishing injuries 2
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